Hampton Court railway station

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Hampton Court National Rail
Hampton Court railway station 01.jpg
Hampton Court is located in Surrey
Hampton Court
Hampton Court
Location of Hampton Court in Surrey
LocationEast Molesey
Local authorityElmbridge
Managed bySouth Western Railway
Station codeHMC
DfT categoryC2
Number of platforms2
AccessibleYes
Fare zone6
National Rail annual entry and exit
2017–18Decrease 1.622 million[1]
2018–19Decrease 1.617 million[1]
2019–20Decrease 1.542 million[1]
2020–21Decrease 0.299 million[1]
2021–22Increase 0.864 million[1]
Key dates
1 February 1849Opened
Other information
External links
WGS8451°24′10″N 0°20′33″W / 51.4028°N 0.3425°W / 51.4028; -0.3425Coordinates: 51°24′10″N 0°20′33″W / 51.4028°N 0.3425°W / 51.4028; -0.3425
 London transport portal

Hampton Court railway station is a suburban terminus station at East Molesey, in the Borough of Elmbridge in the county of Surrey, 100 yards short of Hampton Court Bridge, the midpoint of which is a boundary of Greater London. The station is 14 miles 76 chains (24.1 km) down the line from London Waterloo.[2]

Across the River Thames the station serves Hampton Court Palace and its adjoining park-side houses, riverside homes, hotels and boutiques in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, and is in Transport for London's Travelcard Zone 6; the station is across the River Thames from Hampton Court Park, Gardens and Bushy Park, and adjacent to Cigarette Island Park.

History[edit]

The oldest artifact discovered in the area was a Stone Age era dugout canoe found in the River Mole/River Ember, which is now on display in the museum at Henley-on-Thames. The ground where the station and Park is sited was previously owned by the Church, then Hampton Court Palace, and then gifted to the local council between 1670 and 1840. The station is the terminus of the 1.5-mile (2.4 km) Hampton Court branch line that has one junction – with the South West Main Line (west of Surbiton). One through station is on the branch, Thames Ditton. The station was built on the island formed between the river River Mole and its close distributary, the River Ember. Access was first via a wooden bridge from Creek Road. The branch was opened on 1 February 1849.[3] In its first two years the carriages were pulled by horses.[3]

Regular steam locomotives replaced the horses in the year 1849–1850 tender-first when proceeding down the line (rather than "up" to London), while construction of the first turntable was underway.[3] By 1868 four lines, four platforms, a railway turntable, a coal depot and ancillary buildings comprised a greater version of the site. The peak capacity of this station was between 1912 and 1929 when over 10 tracks fanned out at the site; four sets of tracks were designated for shuffle sidings (to augment services to the rest of the network); four were dedicated for the station itself and two lines were goods sidings for goods including bulk materials and the coal depot. During this period a Thames-side turntable was removed (the foundations of which were revealed on proposed redevelopment by in 2013).[citation needed]

In the 1930s the bed of the mouth of the Mole was filled in and the stream combined with the River Ember to construct Hampton Court Way and the Edward Lutyens-designed, re-aligned Hampton Court Bridge. The station site is owned by Network Rail, and the services operated by South Western Railway using the Class 455 fleet.

Since the 1960s the area adjacent to the river end of the site has been associated with a river ferry landing stage, and an open area with views to the Palace and up and down the River Thames from a "tea and dance room" known as the "Jolly Boatman" (under which the station's Victorian era train turntable was found during archeological excavation in 2013). This closed in the early 1990s and has since been left derelict by the various owners.[citation needed]

Services[edit]

The typical off-peak service at the station is two trains per hour to and from London Waterloo via Surbiton and Wimbledon, taking 35 minutes for the 13 miles (21 km) journey.[citation needed] Hampton Court has been proposed as a potential terminus as part of the proposed Crossrail 2 project.[4]

Preceding station National Rail National Rail Following station
Thames Ditton   South Western Railway
Hampton Court Branch
  Terminus
Future Development
Preceding station Crossrail seal only.svg Crossrail Following station
Terminus Crossrail 2 Thames Ditton

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Estimates of station usage". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
  2. ^ Yonge, John (November 2008) [1994]. Jacobs, Gerald (ed.). Railway Track Diagrams 5: Southern & TfL (3rd ed.). Bradford on Avon: Trackmaps. map 21B. ISBN 978-0-9549866-4-3.
  3. ^ a b c Turner, David. "Horse Power on the Hampton Court Branch in 1849" (PDF). Molesey Local History Society.
  4. ^ "Crossrail 2 stations proposed by London business leaders". BBC News. 5 February 2013.

External links[edit]