Hampton Roads Transit
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|Headquarters||3400 Victoria Blvd.
|Service area||Norfolk, Virginia Beach, Chesapeake, Portsmouth, Hampton, Newport News, Smithfield|
|Service type||bus service, light rail, ferry, carpool|
|Hubs||Downtown Norfolk Transit Center (DNTC), Hampton Transportation Center (HTC), Newport News Transportation Center (NNTC)|
Ferry: 3 (additional port at Harbor Park for baseball games)
|Daily ridership||49,100 (2015)|
|Annual ridership||15,624,100 (2015)|
|Fuel type||Diesel, Diesel-electric|
|Chief executive||William E. Harrell|
Hampton Roads Transit (HRT), incorporated on October 1, 1999, began through the voluntary merger of PENTRAN (Peninsula Transportation District Commission) on the Virginia Peninsula and TRT (Tidewater Regional Transit a.k.a. Tidewater Transit District Commission) in South Hampton Roads and currently serves over 22 million annual passengers within its 369-square-mile (960 km2) service area around Hampton Roads. The purpose of the HRT is to provide reliable and efficient transportation service and facilities to the Hampton Roads community.
Its service area consists of the cities of Norfolk, Virginia Beach, Chesapeake, Portsmouth, Hampton, Newport News, Williamsburg (Colonial Williamsburg) and the town of Smithfield. The entire service area population is 1.3 million. HRT also serves the area's major college campuses of Christopher Newport University, Hampton University, Norfolk State University, Old Dominion University, Thomas Nelson Community College, and Tidewater Community College.
Effective January 1, 2012, the City of Suffolk, Virginia chose to withdraw from the Transportation District Commission of Hampton Roads and since, HRT no longer provides transit services within Suffolk. However, a couple HRT routes do connect with the Suffolk Transit service, which is provided by Virginia Regional Transit.
- 1 Governance
- 2 Leadership
- 3 Funding
- 4 Corporate timeline
- 5 Bus fleet
- 6 Light rail fleet
- 7 Other fleet
- 8 Primary services
- 9 Other services
- 10 Projects under development
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
Hampton Roads Transit is governed by the Transportation District Commission of Hampton Roads (TDCHR). The TDCHR was established in accordance with Chapter 45 of Title 15.2 of the Code of Virginia, as amended, referred to as the Transportation District Act of 1964 and by ordinances adopted by the governing bodies of its components governments.
The Transportation District Commission of Hampton Roads, HRT’s governing body, consists of 13 members, one elected official and one citizen representative from each city served by Hampton Roads Transit, and the chairman of the Commonwealth Transportation Board (CTB), or a designee. The six Hampton Roads cities that participate rotate the chairmanship each year. The Honorable Richard W. “Rick” West (Chesapeake) is the current chairman.
There are five established committees that provide input to the governing body. These committees are listed below: Executive Committee, Audit/Budget Review Committee, Operations & Oversight, Planning and New Start Development, Paratransit Committee, and Commission Effectiveness (Ad-hoc).
William E. Harrell is the current president and CEO of Hampton Roads Transit. Harrell went to Hampton Roads Transit from Chesapeake, Virginia, where he was the city manager since June 2007. Harrell replaced interim CEO Phillip A. Shucet on April 2, 2012.
Phillip A. Shucet was hired in February 2010 as an interim CEO to help complete construction of The Tide light rail while the company searches for a permanent replacement for long-time executive director Michael Townes. Townes was pressured by the Board of Directors and ultimately agreed to step down after the revelation of a $100 million cost overrun and a one-year delay on Norfolk’s light-rail starter line, which has been named "The Tide". Shortly previously, Townes had been criticized for his handling of an employee embezzlement scheme. While he had not been directly involved in the earlier problem, a majority of the board members cited poor management and communication on his part in calling for him to step down.
Hampton Roads Transit has no dedicated revenue source. Funding for service is provided with federal, state and local funding provided by member jurisdictions and farebox revenues. Local funding is provided based on the Cost Allocation Agreement - each city establishes how much service will be provided within its borders based on how much it is willing to pay for those services after all federal, state, and farebox revenues are applied. This means that the numbers of routes, service frequency, and service coverage areas as operated by Hampton Roads Transit are determined in each city during the annual budgetary cycle.
NOTE: This section begins with the introduction of rubber-tired buses to the transit operations in Hampton and Newport News, following many years of public transit service performed earlier and during the transition by horse-drawn and electrically powered streetcars utlilizing rails imbedded in the streets and roads of the area.
|1944||The Virginia Transit Company begins operating rubber-wheeled bus service in Hampton Roads.||Norfolk, VA|
|1945||The Citizens Rapid Transit Company begins operating rubber-wheeled bus service on the Virginia Peninsula, thus ending an era of streetcar service in Hampton Roads.||Newport News, VA and Hampton, VA|
|January 1973||Tidewater Regional Transit (TRT) service begins, with the creation of the Tidewater Transportation District Commission (TTDC); and acquires the Virginia Transit Company, Norfolk Division||TRT service begins in Norfolk and Virginia Beach|
|January 1974||Peninsula Transportation District Commission (PTDC) created|
|April 1975||PENTRAN service begins, as the PTDC acquires the Citizens Rapid Transit Company||PENTRAN service begins in Newport News and Hampton|
|May 1975||The TTDC acquires the Community Motor Bus Company of Portsmouth||TTDC expands, with TRT service to Portsmouth, VA|
|1977||James City County Transit begins service within Colonial Williamsburg and James City County, Virginia||Williamsburg, VA not yet served by PENTRAN, nor TRT until 2004.|
|late-1970s/early-1980s||Service expansion to Chesapeake, VA, including communities such as South Norfolk, Great Bridge, Western Branch, Deep Creek and to the newly opened Greenbrier Mall||Chesapeake, VA|
|early-1990s||Service expansion to Suffolk, VA, exclusively to Tidewater Community College and downtown Suffolk||Suffolk, VA|
|1995||Crossroads service begins, linking the Virginia Peninsula cities with South Hampton Roads with local bus service for the first time in the region since special tunnel buses were discontinued many years earlier.|
|October 1, 1999||TRT merges with PENTRAN and forms Hampton Roads Transit (HRT).||HRT begins with bus service already existing in Norfolk, Virginia Beach, Chesapeake, Portsmouth, Newport News, Hampton, and Suffolk.|
|June 2008||The MAX (Metro Area Express) began service with eight routes linking all six Hampton Roads Cities.||Norfolk (Norfolk Naval Base, Downtown Norfolk), Virginia Beach (Silverleaf, Oceanfront), Chesapeake (Greenbrier Mall, Chesapeake Square Mall), Portsmouth (Downtown, Victory Crossing, Newport News (Transit Center, Northrop Grumman), and Hampton (Transit Center).|
|August 2011||Virginia's first light rail line Tide Light Rail opens to the public. Passengers were offered free rides from the August 19th grand opening until August 28. More than 30,000 people rode the Tide the first day.||EVMC/Ft. Norfolk, York St./Freemason, Monticello Avenue, MacArthur Square, Harbor Park, Norfolk State University, Ballentine/Broad Creek, Ingleside, Military Highway, and Newtown Road.|
|January 2012||City of Suffolk withdrew contract with HRT to operate public transit in Suffolk.|
The HRT fleet inventory as of August 1, 2011 consisted of 302 vehicles, including 255 diesel buses, 37 hybrid buses and 10 trolley-style buses. The majority of the fleet, a total of 280 buses, were manufactured by Gillig. The HRT fleet also includes 12 Optima buses and 10 Trolley-style buses manufactured by Chance. HRT acquired 11 Gillig hybrids in June 2011 to replace the Chance trolleys.
Hampton Roads Transit's Bus Fleet were originally decorated with all white buses with a two line blue & green wave from the system's former logo which is similar to math's approximate (≈) symbol. New buses since 2006 have a wave going from the back, then becomes smooth through the front and have frameless windows. All Hybrids and the two 2006 Optima Opus' are in the blue background. All MAX buses have a silver background with sky blue & solid blue wave colors. Select buses which had the two-line wave logo have been repainted with the newer back wave design and the exterior window rows are painted black around the windows to resemble the newer buses. Since 2012, several buses were repainted into the silver/blue wave style like the MAX brand with the agency's new stripe logo. This is the current fleet design
|1201–1227||1999||Gillig Low Floor||35 feet (10.67 m)||Cummins ISC||Voith D864.3||Diesel||Victoria Blvd Hampton
18th St. Norfolk
|Last buses under Pentran and TRT.|
|1230–1239||2000||Gillig Phantom||40 feet (12.19 m)||Cummins ISC||Voith D864.5||Diesel||18th St. Norfolk||First buses purchased under HRT. Some retired|
|1240–1263||2001||Gillig Phantom||35 feet (10.67 m)||Cummins ISC||Voith D864.3||Diesel||18th St. Norfolk||Some retired|
|1301–1304||2000||Gillig Low Floor||29 feet (8.84 m)||Cummins ISC||Voith D864.3||Diesel||18th St Norfolk||Most of 1300s will retire|
|1400–1409||2001||Chance Opus||30 feet (9.14 m)||Cummins ISB||Allison B300R||Diesel||18th St. Norfolk||Several have been refurbished in 2013.|
|1500–1513, 1515-1516||2002||Gillig Low Floor||35 feet (10.67 m)||Cummins ISC||Voith D864.3||Diesel||Victoria Blvd Hampton
18th St. Norfolk
|1514 retired due to fire|
|1600–1614||2002||Gillig Low Floor||29 feet (8.84 m)||Cummins ISC||Voith D864.3||Diesel||Victoria Blvd Hampton
18th St. Norfolk
|1700–1715||2003||Gillig Phantom||35 feet (10.67 m)||Cummins ISC||Voith D864.3||Diesel||18th St. Norfolk||Some retired|
|1800–1810||2004||Gillig Phantom||40 feet (12.19 m)||Cummins ISL||Voith D864.3E||Diesel||Victoria Blvd Hampton
18th St. Norfolk
|First coach-style buses purchased by HRT.
|1900, 1902, 1904-1907||2004||Gillig Low Floor||40 feet (12.19 m)||Cummins ISL||Voith D864.3E||Diesel||Victoria Blvd Hampton
||First 40-foot low floor buses. 1901 has lighted up stop sign at the rear. 1901, 1903, 1908 and 1909 has been or will retire|
|2000–2020||2006||Gillig Low Floor||40 feet (12.19 m)||Cummins ISL||Voith D864.3E||Diesel||18th St. Norfolk||First buses with frameless windows|
|1410, 1415-1416||2006||Optima Opus||30 feet (9.14 m)||Cummins ISB||Allison B300R||Diesel||18th St. Norfolk||1415 & 1416 are the system's first blue background colors, originally test buses for shuttles, however they are used for any regular route in the system. 1415 & 1416 will retire|
|2021–2039||2007||Gillig Low Floor||40 feet (12.19 m)||Cummins ISL||Voith D864.3E||Diesel||Victoria Blvd Hampton
18th St. Norfolk
|3000-3025||2007||Gillig Low Floor||40 feet (12.19 m)||Cummins ISL||Voith D864.5||Clean Diesel||Victoria Blvd Hampton
18th St. Norfolk
|4000 - 4023||2008||Gillig BRT Hybrid||29 feet (8.84 m)||Cummins ISB-02||Allison EP40 hybrid system||Diesel-Electric Hybrid||Virginia Beach Trolley Base
18th St. Norfolk
|First hybrids purchased by HRT, usually found in Virginia Beach.
Buses 4015-4023 are the BRT roofed hybrids used for Downtown Norfolk's NET shuttle.
|2040–2046||2008||Gillig Low Floor||40 feet (12.19 m)||Cummins ISL||Voith D864.5||Clean Diesel||18th St. Norfolk||First buses with square sided windows on bus doors|
|3026-3035||2008||Gillig Low Floor||40 feet (12.19 m)||Cummins ISL||Voith D864.5||Clean Diesel||Victoria Blvd Hampton
18th St. Norfolk
MAX Express Buses, also equipped with cargo attachments above some seats.
|4024-4025||2009||Gillig BRT Hybrid||29 feet (8.84 m)||Cummins ISB-02||Allison EP40 hybrid system||Diesel-Electric Hybrid||Virginia Beach Trolley Base|
|2047–2052||2011||Gillig Low Floor||40 feet (12.19 m)||Cummins ISL||Voith D864.5||Clean Diesel||Victoria Blvd Hampton|
|4026-4036||2011||Gillig BRT Hybrid||29 feet (8.84 m)||Cummins ISB-02||Allison EP40 hybrid system||Diesel-Electric Hybrid||Virginia Beach Trolley Base||Newest Hybrid shuttle buses on HRT's fleet|
|5000-5008||2012||Gillig Low Floor||35 feet (10.67 m)||Cummins ISL||Voith D864.5||Clean Diesel||18th St. Norfolk||First buses manufactured with the new logo.|
|5009-5013||2013||Gillig Low Floor||35 feet (10.67 m)||Cummins ISL||Voith D864.5||Clean Diesel||Victoria Blvd Hampton||Newest regular service buses on HRT's Peninsula fleet.|
|5101-5107||2014||Nova Bus LFS||40 feet (12.19 m)||Cummins ISL||Allison B400R||Clean Diesel||18th St. Norfolk||Newest regular service buses on HRT's Southside fleet. Designated specifically for Routes 44, 45, and 47 as part of an effort to improve service along the three routes. Such improvements are being carried out as part of HRT's agreement with Elizabeth River Tunnels.|
|101-114||2015||Hometown Trolley||35 feet (10.67 m)||Cummins ISB6.7||Allison B300||Clean Diesel||Virginia Beach Garage||New trolleys being used for the Virginia Beach Oceanfront seasonal shuttles|
|5014-5018||2015||Gillig Low Floor||35 feet (10.67 m)||Cummins ISL||Voith D864.6||Clean Diesel||Hampton & Norfolk Garages||5014 & 5015 were delivered in mid 2015. 5016, 5017 & 5018 were delivered in late 2015 in a 32-bus order with the 29 2100-series buses. The latter three buses have a plexi-glass compartment to protect bus operators.|
|2101-2129||2015||Gillig Low Floor||40 feet
|Cummins ISL||Voith D864.6||Clean Diesel||Hampton & Norfolk Garages||29 of 32 were delivered in late 2015 in part of a 32-bus order. All buses have a plexi-glass compartment to protect bus operators.|
On July 18, 2011, it was announced that the Commonwealth of Virginia has signed an umbrella contract with New Flyer Industries for the provision of buses to any Virginia transit authority. It remains to be seen whether or not the contract will include buses for HRT, but highly unlikely due to their contract for Gillig buses.
|901 - 933||1993||Orion 05.501||40 feet (12.19 m)||Detroit Diesel 6V92TA||Allison HT-748||Diesel||18th St. Norfolk|
|934 - 949||1995||Orion 05.501||40 feet (12.19 m)||Detroit Diesel 6V92TA||Allison B400R||Diesel||18th St. Norfolk||
|501 - 534||1995||Gillig Phantom||40 feet (12.19 m)||Detroit Diesel Series 50||Allison B400R||Diesel||Victoria Blvd Hampton
18th St. Norfolk
Light rail fleet
The Tide Light Rail began service on August 19, 2011 with nine of the trainsets entering to revenue service.
|401-409||2009||Siemens S70 Light Rail Vehicle||Delivered on October 2009-used since August 2011 when The Tide Light Rail began service.|
HRT has three ferries, with two operating in the peak periods. HRT owns a total of 33 paratransit vans. HER is also leasing an additional 54 paratransit vans from its contractor to meet service requirements.
- 1 Granby Street
- 2 Hampton Boulevard
- 3 Chesapeake Boulevard
- 4 Church Street
- 5 Willoughby
- 6 South Norfolk
- 8 Tidewater Drive
- 9 Sewells Point Road
- 11 Colonial Avenue
- 12 Indian River Road
- 13 Campostella Road
- 14 Battlefield Boulevard
- 15 Military Highway
- 18 Ballentine Boulevard
- 20 Virginia Beach Boulevard
- 21 Little Creek Road
- 22 Haygood
- 23 Princess Anne Road
- 25 Newtown Road
- 26 Lynnhaven Mall
- 27 Northampton Boulevard
- 29 Great Neck Road/Lynnhaven Parkway
- 33 General Booth Boulevard
- 36 Holland Road
- 41 Cradock
- 43 Parkview
- 44 Midtown
- 45 Portsmouth Boulevard
- 47 High Street
- 50 Academy Park
- 55 Greenbrier Circulator
- 57 Deep Creek
- 58 Bainbridge Boulevard
- 64 Smithfield
- 101 Kecoughtan
- 102 Queen Street
- 103 Shell Rd
- 104 Newsome Park
- 105 Briarfield Road
- 106 Warwick Boulevard
- 107 Warwick Boulevard/Denbigh Boulevard
- 108 Warwick/Lee Hall
- 109 Buckroe
- 110 Big Bethel Road/Thomas Nelson Community College
- 111 Jefferson/Riverside
- 112 Jefferson Avenue
- 114 Weaver Rd
- 115 Fox Hill Road
- 116 Jefferson/Lee Hall
- 117 Phoebus
- 118 Armistead Avenue
- 119 Oyster Point
- 120 Mallory
- 121 Williamsburg
Peninsula Commuter Routes
- 403 Buckroe Shopping Center
- 405 Buckroe Shopping Center/Newport News Transit Center
- 414 Newport News Transit Center/Jefferson/Oakland
- 415 Newport News Transit Center/Denbigh
- 430 Denbigh Fringe
MAX Express Routes
- 918 Virginia Beach-Naval Station (Staff College)
- 919 Virginia Beach-Naval Station
- 922 Chesapeake-Virginia Beach-Naval Station Norfolk
- 960 Virginia Beach-Norfolk
- 961 Newport News-Hampton-Norfolk
- 965 Patrick Henry Mall-Naval Station Norfolk
- 966 Silverleaf-Newport News
- 967 Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Chesapeake-Newport News
Hampton Roads Transit provides ADA Paratransit service, and is available within 3/4 of a mile of regularly scheduled bus routes. Fare is $3.00. Certification and reservations are required. Reservation hours are from 8 a.m. until 5 p.m. daily. Reservations must be made no later than 5:00 PM the day before you need transportation and you can reserve a ride up to 3 days in advance, at this time.
TRAFFIX is a grant-funded program provided by Hampton Roads Transit. It encourages citizens throughout Hampton Roads to use alternative forms of transportation that reduces use of single occupancy vehicles. TRAFFIX oversees and promotes regional commuter initiatives, including carpooling and telecommuting, by reaching out to area employers. Some of its key clients include the U.S. Navy, Northrop Grumman, Wal-mart, and Canon. To date, TRAFFIX has removed nearly 800 vehicles off the road and has saved consumers over 600,000 gallons of gas and over $1.8 million in vehicle related expenses.
HRT's paddle wheel ferry is a system of three 150-passenger paddle wheel ferry boats: The James C. Echols, Elizabeth River Ferry II, and Elizabeth Ferry III. The Ferry travels between North Landing and High Street in Portsmouth and downtown Norfolk at The Waterside and Harbor Park. Harbor Park is only serviced during Norfolk "Tides" baseball home games.
The ferry operates every 30 minutes, with 15-minute service at peak times on weekends from Memorial Day to Labor Day. The Ferry is wheelchair accessible and allows boarding passengers to board with their bicycles. The general cost to board the ferry is $1.75 for adults, and 75 cents with eligibility ID for youth (age 17 and under), seniors (age 65 and older), and disabled patrons. Up to 2 children (under 38 inches tall) per paying adult may ride for free. 1-day passes may be purchased as well for $4.00 for adults and $2.00 for youth, seniors, and disabled patrons with eligible ID. Exact fare is required, the crew and fare boxes can not make change.
The ferry's High Street dock is three blocks from Downtown Portsmouth's bus transfer area at County St & Court St.
Plans to introduce up to 4 new ferries have been announced by HRT.
Virginia Beach Wave
The VB Wave runs through the main areas of the Virginia Beach Oceanfront. Service runs from May through September.
Route 30 Atlantic Ave (May 1-October 2 8am-2am, About every 15 minutes) which serves all the stops along the Atlantic Avenue boardwalk, This includes the Old Coast Guard Station Museum, the Virginia Beach Fishing Pier, plus the north beaches HRT transfer.
Route 31 Museum Express (Daily, Memorial Day-Labor Day 9:30 AM until 11:10 PM, About every 15 minutes) Serves the Virginia Aquarium, Ocean Breeze Waterpark, Owl Creek Municipal Tennis Center, Holiday Trav-L-Park Campground, and KOA Campground.
Route 32 Shoppers Express (Daily, Memorial Day-Labor Day 10am-9pm, About every hour) Serves the Shops at Hilltop, and ends at Lynnhaven Mall.
There will be the new Route 35 it will provide service from Arctic & 19th to Shore Drive & Vista Circle. It will serves the Oceanfront, First Landing State Park, North End beaches, Chesapeake Bay beaches and Bayfront restaurants. The new route will run from May 21st to October 1st all season long. This route will run daily from 8am to midnight for every 45 minutes from Memorial Day to Labor Day and every weekend from 8am to midnight for every 45 minutes from September 8th to October 1st.
MAX (Metro Area Express)
The MAX is the first regional express service connecting all of Hampton Roads. The bus service uses dedicated Gillig buses equipped with coach-style seating to make a more comfortable ride. All MAX buses are equipped with Wi-Fi. The routes connect area Park and Ride lots to Downtown Norfolk and other major employment locations in the area. There are two other express routes (Routes 64 and 121) that are not branded as MAX routes, although Route 121 often uses MAX buses.
The Tide Light Rail
The Tide, Norfolk's Light Rail System, runs from Eastern Virginia Medical School through downtown Norfolk to Newtown Road (near Sentara Leigh Memorial Hospital). The Groundbreaking Ceremony was held on December 8, 2007. Primary construction began in early 2008, the first of nine train sets arrived on October 6, 2009, and the Tide became fully operational on August 19, 2011.
Projects under development
Virginia Beach Extension Study
The Virginia Beach Extension Study was started in 2009 in an effort to bring a right-of-way rapid transit line to Virginia Beach using a former freight rail track, most likely to connect the current The Tide light rail from Newtown Road Station. The studied modes are Bus Rapid Transit and Light Rail.
The study originally considered three alternatives with a fourth added from the City Council of Virginia Beach. Distances are the amount of miles from the Newtown Road Station.
- Virginia Beach Town Center: 3 miles (Alternative added and eventually chosen by City of Virginia Beach. Two stations were assigned within the Town Center district)
- Rosemont Road: 4.8 miles
- Oceanfront (via Oceana): 12.2 miles
- Oceanfront (via Hilltop): 13.5 miles
As of 2015, a Draft Environmental Impact Statement was published. However, since the City of Virginia Beach and the State of Virginia is paying for the Town Center alternative, there will be no Final Environmental Impact Statement, as that document is made when there is federal money involved. There has been opposition from the citizens of Virginia Beach about costs and using taxpayer money to construct and maintain the line, if built. Citizens of Virginia Beach voted on building the line on November 8, 2016, however, the vote was a no-majority of 57% and as a result, work on light rail has been ceased as of December 2016. Had it passed, the extension will open between late 2019 and early 2020.
In 2012, the City of Norfolk began to study for possibilities for extending their current Tide light rail system to Naval Station Norfolk. Currently the Draft Environmental Study is in development. There are currently six routes in study with two major corridors considered. Mode possibilities are light rail and streetcar. Potential build out of the expansion will commence in the 2020s.
- "Transit Ridership Report Fourth Quarter 2015" (pdf). American Public Transportation Association. March 2, 2016. Retrieved 2016-11-14 – via http://www.apta.com/resources/statistics/Pages/ridershipreport.aspx.
- "William E. Harrell hired as HRT’s new President/CEO | Gohrt.com". Gohrt.com. 2012-08-17. Retrieved 2012-08-17.
- "Suffolk Transit". Suffolkva.us. Retrieved 2016-06-29.
- "William E. Harrell | Gohrt.com". Gohrt.com. 2012-08-17. Retrieved 2012-08-17.
- "William E. Harrell hired as HRT’s new President/CEO | Gohrt.com". Gohrt.com. 2012-08-17. Retrieved 2016-07-31.
- "HRT head Michael Townes, under fire, agrees to retire | HamptonRoads.com | PilotOnline.com". HamptonRoads.com. 2010-01-12. Retrieved 2010-05-29.
- "30,000 people rode the Tide opening day| Gohrt.com". Gohrt.com. 2012-08-17. Retrieved 2012-08-17.
- "Bus service changes in Suffolk| Gohrt.com". Gohrt.com. 2012-08-17. Retrieved 2012-08-17.
- New Flyer Announces Second Quarter 2011 Orders and Backlog
- . Retrieved November 17, 2009. Archived April 23, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
- . Retrieved November 17, 2009. Archived February 27, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
- Starting in December 2011, a new delivery system utilizing a mixed use of taxis, involving local taxi companies and dedicated Handi-Ride buses was implemented. This transformation was the result of Hampton Roads Transportation, Inc.'s Frank Azzalina approaching HRT CEO Philip Shucet, and proposing that significant savings in paratransit could be realized if a mixed-use strategy was administered. After a long period of fleet, and routing optimization analysis occurred, the program was eventually put in place. According to the Virginia Pilot - HRT estimates the changes will result in reducing costs by about $500,000 a year, or about $1.25 million for the remainder of its contract with MV Transportation, the company that operates Handi-Ride. The fleet of paratransit buses was trimmed from 87 to 33.
- "HRT board buys a new ferry – and options three more - Hampton Roads Transit". Gohrt.com. 2015-04-23. Retrieved 2016-06-29.
- "VB Wave - Hampton Roads Transit". Gohrt.com. Retrieved 2016-06-29.
-  Archived April 10, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Twitter / 10 On Your Side: Norfolk just unveiled "The". Twitter.com. 2009-10-06. Retrieved 2010-05-29.
- "Virginia Beach Transit Extension - Hampton Roads Transit". Gohrt.com. Retrieved 2016-06-29.
- "Naval Station Norfolk Transit Extension Study - Hampton Roads Transit". Gohrt.com. 2014-10-20. Retrieved 2016-06-29.