Hamra, Bik'at HaYarden

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Hamra
Hamra1.JPG
Hamra is located in the Northern West Bank
Hamra
Hamra
Coordinates: 32°11′56.4″N 35°26′5.64″E / 32.199000°N 35.4349000°E / 32.199000; 35.4349000Coordinates: 32°11′56.4″N 35°26′5.64″E / 32.199000°N 35.4349000°E / 32.199000; 35.4349000
DistrictJudea and Samaria Area
CouncilBik'at HaYarden
RegionWest Bank
AffiliationAgricultural Union
Founded1971
Population
 (2019)[1]
173

Hamra (Hebrew: חַמְרָה‎, lit. Red Soil) is an Israeli settlement organized as a moshav in the West Bank.[2] Located in the Jordan Valley and covering 3,500 dunams, it falls under the jurisdiction of Bik'at HaYarden Regional Council.[2] In 2019 it had a population of 173.[1]

The international community considers Israeli settlements in the West Bank illegal under international law, but the Israeli government disputes this.[3]

History[edit]

The moshav was founded in 1971 and was initially named Atarot, before being renamed after nearby Tel Hamra.[2]

According to ARIJ, Israel confiscated land from two nearby Palestinian villages in order to construct Hamra; 1,370 dunams from Furush Beit Dajan, 192 dunams for a military checkpoint close to Hamra,[4] and an unspecified amount from Beit Dajan.[5]

In 2020, a family at the nearby tiny Humsa al-Tata village, above the Hamra checkpoint, was ordered to destroy his home and concrete castings around contiguous structures, including a well, olive trees because Israeli declared it was on an archaeological site. The owner stated that they dwelt there from their great-grandfather's time and no one had every heard of antiques on their land.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population in the Localities 2019" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  2. ^ a b c http://www.jordanvalley.org.il/page_49301
  3. ^ "The Geneva Convention". BBC News. 10 December 2009. Retrieved 27 November 2010.
  4. ^ Furush Beit Dajan Village Profile, ARIJ, p. 15
  5. ^ Beit Dajan Village Profile, ARIJ, p. 15
  6. ^ Hagar Shezaf, 'When an Archaeological ‘Find’ Can Evict Palestinians From Their Home,' Haaretz 23 June 2020