Hamster racing is a sport in which hamsters are placed in hamster wheels or hamster balls – often fitted to miniature racing vehicles – and raced down a straight 9 meter (30 ft) course. The hamster crossing the finish line in the shortest amount of time wins. According to a 2001 media report, the world-record time for this course setup is 38 seconds.
Events may feature as few as two hamsters or many teams of hamsters and human pit crews. Hamster balls may be simple spheres or feature many design modifications purported to increase the performance and style of the race vehicle.
In 2001, an epidemic of foot and mouth disease caused the cancellation of some British horse races and other sporting events. To boost their lagging bookmaking incomes, betting agencies introduced and promoted the concept of professional hamster racing. Online bookmaker Blue Square organized the first hamster racing series, with the rodents racing in hamster dragsters. A series of qualifying rounds were held over a week, with a final race. The event was webcast live on the internet and generated significant media interest, including full-page articles in the Daily Mail and Sun newspapers, as well as live reports on BBC London and Sky News. This high level of media interest was in part due to the cancellation of horse racing at the time.
Race hamsters are almost always divided into at least two race classes, which follow their species classifications: dwarfs and Syrians. They are also often divided into other race classes, such as novice, patterned and long-hair or short-hair.
Not all hamster racing is done professionally or for betting purposes. Amateur hamster races are popular at church outings and frequently occur at hamster and rodent shows. Amateur races generally do not conform to the professional 9 meter (30 ft) track distance but may use shorter "sprint" tracks designed to make sure all hamsters finish in a reasonable time. Fast hamsters are capable of winning sprint races in just a few seconds.
In early 2007, Petco announced the return of biannual hamster races in all of its stores. The event is branded the "Petco Hamster Ball Derby" and takes place in late March and early September of each year. The 2006 races featured more than 14,000 amateur race hamsters and their owners in Petco stores across the country.
Petco uses a nonstandard short 8-foot (2.4 m) track and hamsters run in common spherical balls rather than the elaborate "drag racers" that professional race hamsters often use (see MTV Sponsorship infra). Races usually only last a few seconds due to the length of the track. Winners receive various prizes such as gift cards, training equipment and hamster treats.
The first HamTrak race, held on May 19, 2006 at the Hammywood Hills Rodent Raceway, was won by the New Media Age sponsored "Team Hot Rodent," powered by the eight-month-old female Syrian hamster Michelle Schuhamster. It was her 24th career win.
One issue that has limited the growth of professional hamster racing is the difficulty in handicapping, or attempting to predict the winner, of a hamster racing contest. As with horse racing, the handicapping of hamsters relies on observations of the speed, pace, form, and class of the animal. However, while many bettors believe themselves to be good horse handicappers, few know what to look for in hamster handicapping as they are unfamiliar with the species. This means that the large population of horse racing bettors are often unwilling to migrate to hamster racing because to do so would require either placing uninformed, pure-chance bets or learning to judge and handicap an entirely new animal.
In the UK, hamster racing began to grow in popularity after the 2001 Foot and Mouth Disease epidemic, which cancelled many regular horse racing and other sporting events. Professional hamster racing was introduced and promoted and the online bookmaker Blue Square organized the first ever hamster racing series. There were a series of qualifying rounds throughout the week and a final race. The main event was broadcast via webcast live and other media outlets like BBC London and Sky News, including a full-page article in big British newspaper publication The Sun and the Daily Mail.
Hamsters that race were divided into two race classes by following their species classifications – dwarfs and Syrians. Dwarfs, Cricetulus, is a genus of the rodent family that tend to be more rat-like in appearance than typical hamsters, while Syrians or Golden Hamster has expandable cheek pouches, mainly from the north of Syria and south of Turkey. Also, they are sometimes divided based on level of expertise, long-hair or short hair.
- Gardiner, Beth (2001). "Hamster races soothe restless bettors as foot-and-mouth slows action". Boston Globe. Boston Globe Electronic Publishing. Archived from the original on March 3, 2006. Retrieved 2006-05-14.
- "Petco Press Release, 14 March 2007". Petco. Retrieved 2007-08-14.
- "HamTrak '06 Official Site". MTV.uk Overdrive. Archived from the original on June 15, 2006. Retrieved 2006-05-14.
- "About Hamster Racing". www.topendsports.com. Retrieved 2016-03-03.
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- Betting in Britain has gone to the .. hamsters[dead link] - An Associated Press story reported on Canadian Television news.
- MTV Brings Racing Hamsters To Screens - As reported on Digital Spy, 12 May 2006.
- A CNN report from 1998 about hamster racing at a Johannesburg pet show.
- Punters Turn to Hamster Racing - News report in Dispatch Online, 10 March 2001.
- Petco Corporate Web site - Information on the Hamster Ball Derby
- Hamster Derby Raises Money for Humane Society - The (Maryland) Gazette Online, 3 June 2009.
- Durham adventure park stages hamster races - Daily Mail, 20 August 2010.