1494 CE (900 AH)
Tujjar, Sopore, Kashmir
|Died||1576 CE (984 AH)|
|Resting place||Hari Parbat, Srinagar, Kashmir|
|Era||Shah Mir era|
|Alma mater||Darul Shifa Madrasa, Shamsi Chak seminary|
|Relatives||Ali Raina (brother)|
|Teacher||Baba Fatehullah, Sheikh Ismail Kabroi|
Hamza Makhdoom, popularly known as Makhdoom Sahib (c. 1494 – c. 1576), was a Sufi mystic living in Kashmir. He is sometimes referred to as Mehboob-ul-Alam (literally, "beloved of the world") and Sultan-ul-Arifeen (literally, "king among those who know God").
Hamza Makhdoom was born as Muhammad Hamza Raina in the village of Tujjar near Sopore in Baramulla district. He was son of Usman Raina and Bibi Maryam who came from a Chandravanshi Rajput family of the Raina clan. According to tradition, teenage Hamza Makhdoom studied in the Shamsi Cha monastery for a year, and later studied jurisprudence, tradition, philosophy, logics, ethics and mysticism in a madrasa founded by Ismail Kubrawi.
A prolific scholar and spiritual preacher, Hamza Makhdoom adhered to the tradition of Jalaluddin Bukhari. He directed his teachings specifically to the followers of Islam, and under his influence a part of Kashmir's population trully followed the Hanafi jurisprudence . He was staunch follower of Shariah and Sunnah.
He died at an age of 82 in year 1576 (984 AH) in Srinagar.
Nearly fourteen years after his death, king Akbar built a shrine there which was reconstructed during the Afghan rule by Atta Mohammad Khan around 1821 AD. The shrine, located on the southern slope of Hari Parbat Hill and popularly called Makhdoom Sahib and Hazrat Sultan, is an important pilgrimage centre in Kashmir.
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- Raza, Syed Asif. "Hazrat Makhdoom: Our Great Saint". Greater Kashmir. Retrieved 1 November 2022.
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