Hamza Makhdoom

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Hamza Makhdoom
حمزہ مُخدوم
Hamza Raina

1494 CE (900 AH)
Died1576 CE (984 AH)
Srinagar, Kashmir
Resting placeHari Parbat, Srinagar, Kashmir
  • Usman Raina (father)
  • Maryam (mother)
EraShah Mir era
Alma materDarul Shifa Madrasa, Shamsi Chak seminary
Known forSufism
RelativesAli Raina (brother)
Muslim leader
TeacherBaba Fatehullah, Sheikh Ismail Kabroi
  • Sheikh Baba Dawood Khaki, Maulana Shamsu-din Pal, Khawaja Ishaq Qari, Khawaja Hasan Qari, Baba Haidar Tulmuli

Hamza Makhdoom, popularly known as Makhdoom Sahib (c. 1494 – c. 1576), was a Sufi mystic living in Kashmir.[1][2][3][4] He is sometimes referred to as Mehboob-ul-Alam (literally, "beloved of the world") and Sultan-ul-Arifeen (literally, "king among those who know God").

Early life[edit]

Hamza Makhdoom was born as Muhammad Hamza Raina in the village of Tujjar near Sopore in Baramulla district. He was son of Usman Raina and Bibi Maryam who came from a Chandravanshi Rajput family of the Raina clan.[1] According to tradition, teenage Hamza Makhdoom studied in the Shamsi Cha monastery for a year, and later studied jurisprudence, tradition, philosophy, logics, ethics and mysticism in a madrasa founded by Ismail Kubrawi.[1]


A prolific scholar and spiritual preacher, Hamza Makhdoom adhered to the tradition of Jalaluddin Bukhari.[1] He directed his teachings specifically to the followers of Islam, and under his influence a part of Kashmir's population trully followed the Hanafi jurisprudence . He was staunch follower of Shariah and Sunnah.


He died at an age of 82 in year 1576 (984 AH) in Srinagar.

Nearly fourteen years after his death, king Akbar built a shrine there which was reconstructed during the Afghan rule by Atta Mohammad Khan around 1821 AD.[5] The shrine, located on the southern slope of Hari Parbat Hill and popularly called Makhdoom Sahib and Hazrat Sultan,[6] is an important pilgrimage centre in Kashmir.

Atta Mohammad Khan Barakzai[who?] in his honour issued the coins bearing the names of Nur-ud-Din-Rishi and Hamza Makhdoom.[7][8]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d Yoginder Sikand. "The Muslim Rishis of Kashmir: Crusaders for Love and Justice". Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  2. ^ "Makhdoom Sahib". The Nation. 5 February 2020. Retrieved 28 November 2021.
  3. ^ Shah, Sayid Ashraf (28 November 2021). My Musings (Part I): Current Events. Ashraf Fazili. p. 261.
  4. ^ Safvi, Rana (21 September 2022). In Search of the Divine: Living Histories of Sufism in India. Hachette India. ISBN 978-93-93701-16-9.
  5. ^ Raza, Syed Asif. "Hazrat Makhdoom: Our Great Saint". Greater Kashmir. Retrieved 1 November 2022.
  6. ^ "Makhdoom Sahib in Srinagar". Retrieved 3 January 2015.
  7. ^ AHMAD, IQBAL. "The saints on the coins". Greater Kashmir. Retrieved 1 November 2022.
  8. ^ "Ata Muhammad Khan Barzakai". www.google.com. Retrieved 1 November 2022.