Hamzah Zainudin

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Hamzah Zainudin
حمزة زين الدين
Hamzah Zainudin 2014.jpg
17th Leader of the Opposition
Assumed office
10 December 2022
MonarchAbdullah
Prime MinisterAnwar Ibrahim
Preceded byAnwar Ibrahim
ConstituencyLarut
Minister of Home Affairs
In office
30 August 2021 – 24 November 2022
MonarchAbdullah
Prime MinisterIsmail Sabri Yaakob
DeputyIsmail Mohamed Said
Jonathan Yasin
Preceded byHimself
Succeeded bySaifuddin Nasution Ismail
ConstituencyLarut
In office
10 March 2020 – 16 August 2021
MonarchAbdullah
Prime MinisterMuhyiddin Yassin
DeputyIsmail Mohamed Said
Jonathan Yasin
Preceded byMuhyiddin Yassin
Succeeded byHimself
ConstituencyLarut
Minister of Domestic Trade, Cooperatives and Consumerism
In office
29 July 2015 – 9 May 2018
MonarchsAbdul Halim
Muhammad V
Prime MinisterNajib Razak
DeputyAhmad Bashah Md Hanipah (2015–2016)
Henry Sum Agong (2016–2018)
Preceded byHasan Malek
Succeeded bySaifuddin Nasution Ismail (Domestic Trade, Consumerism)
Mohd Redzuan Md Yusof (Co-operatives)
ConstituencyLarut
Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
16 May 2013 – 29 July 2015
MonarchAbdul Halim
Prime MinisterNajib Razak
MinisterAnifah Aman
Preceded byA Kohillan Pillay
Richard Riot Jaem
Succeeded byReezal Merican Naina Merican
ConstituencyLarut
Deputy Minister of Plantation Industries and Commodities
In office
10 April 2009 – 15 May 2013
Serving with Palanivel Govindasamy (2010–2011)
Prime MinisterNajib Razak
MinisterBernard Giluk Dompok
Preceded byA Kohillan Pillay
Succeeded byNoriah Kasnon
ConstituencyLarut
Deputy Minister of Housing and Local Government
In office
19 March 2008 – 9 April 2009
Serving with Robert Lau Hoi Chew
MonarchMizan Zainal Abidin
Prime MinisterAbdullah Ahmad Badawi
MinisterOng Ka Chuan
Preceded byAzizah Mohd Dun
Succeeded byLajim Ukin
ConstituencyLarut
Member of the Malaysian Parliament
for Larut
Assumed office
8 March 2008
Preceded byRaja Ahmad Zainuddin Raja Omar
(BNUMNO)
Majority1,911 (2008)
5,296 (2013)
4,486 (2018)
11,598 (2022)
Senator
In office
8 September 2000 – 16 September 2006
MonarchsSalahuddin
Sirajuddin
Prime MinisterMahathir Mohamad
Abdullah Ahmad Badawi
Faction represented in Dewan Rakyat
2008–2018Barisan Nasional
2018–2019Independent
2019–2020Pakatan Harapan
2020Malaysian United Indigenous Party
2020–Perikatan Nasional
Faction represented in Dewan Negara
2000–2006Barisan Nasional
Personal details
Born
Hamzah bin Zainudin

(1957-03-12) 12 March 1957 (age 65)[citation needed]
Perak, Federation of Malaya (now Malaysia)[citation needed]
CitizenshipMalaysian
Political partyUnited Malays National Organisation (UMNO)
(–2018)
Independent
(2018–2019)
Malaysian United Indigenous Party (BERSATU)
(since 2019)
Other political
affiliations
Barisan Nasional (BN)
(–2018, aligned:2020–2022)
Pakatan Harapan (PH)
(2018–2020)
Perikatan Nasional (PN)
(since 2020)
Spouse(s)
Noraini Abdul Rashid
(m. 1981; div. 1996)

Norashikin Abdul Ghani
Children5
EducationTuanku Abdul Rahman School
Alma materUniversity of Technology Malaysia
OccupationPolitician

Dato' Seri Hamzah bin Zainudin (Jawi: حمزة بن زين الدين; born 12 March 1957[citation needed]) is a Malaysian politician who has served as the 17th Leader of the Opposition since December 2022[1][2] and the Member of Parliament (MP) for Larut since March 2008. He served as the Minister of Home Affairs for the second term in the Barisan Nasional (BN) administration under former Prime Minister Ismail Sabri Yaakob from August 2021 to the collapse of the BN administration in November 2022 and the first term in the Perikatan Nasional (PN) administration under former Prime Minister Muhyiddin Yassin from March 2020 to the collapse of the PN administration in August 2021, Minister of Domestic Trade, Cooperatives and Consumerism, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, Deputy Minister of Plantation Industries and Commodities and Deputy Minister of Housing and Local Government in the BN administration under former Prime Ministers Abdullah Ahmad Badawi and Najib Razak from March 2008 to the collapse of the BN administration in May 2018 as well as Senator from September 2000 to September 2006. He is a member of the Malaysian United Indigenous Party (BERSATU), a component party of the Perikatan Nasional (PN) coalition and was a member of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), a component party of the Barisan Nasional (BN) coalition. He has also served as Secretary-General of both BERSATU and PN since March 2020.[3]

Early life and education[edit]

Hamzah was born on 12 March 1957 in Perak, Federation of Malaya (now Malaysia).[citation needed] He was a student at Sekolah Tuanku Abdul Rahman (STAR) who was known for bullying his schoolmates.[4] He received his Diploma in Quantity Surveying from University of Technology Malaysia in 1975.[3][5]

Early career[edit]

Hamzah began his career as a footballer(Selangor FA) and general manager with Maju Bangun Sdn Bhd, a subsidiary company of the Perak State Development Corporation from 1980 till 1987. He has also served as a member of the board of Ipoh City Council and Stadium Merdeka Corporation from 1987 to 1993 and 1991 to 1997 respectively. In 1989, he ventured into private business and sat on several companies listed on Bursa Malaysia Securities Berhad (known then as the Kuala Lumpur Stock Exchange). He held various chairman and deputy chairman duties, including chairman of FELCRA Berhad, the Federal Land Consolidation and Rehabilitation Authority that oversees land management and development of agro land owned by the individuals and states.[3][6]

Political career[edit]

Hamzah was elected to the House of Representatives in the 2008 election and was appointed a Deputy Minister of Housing and Local Government.[7][8] He was previously a member of the Malaysian Senate.[9]

He served as the Minister of Domestic Trade, Cooperatives and Consumerism, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs, Deputy Minister of Plantation Industries and Commodities and Deputy Minister of Housing and Local Government in the Barisan Nasional (BN) administration under former Prime Ministers Abdullah Ahmad Badawi and Najib Razak from March 2008 to the defeat of BN in the 2018 general election in May 2018. He has also served as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Larut since March 2008. Presently he is a member of the Malaysian United Indigenous Party (BERSATU) and its 3rd Secretary-General since March 2020, a component party of the ruling PN coalition and he also serves as its 1st Secretary-General since August 2020. He was a member of the then-ruling United Malays National Organisation (UMNO), a component party of the BN coalition.[10] He subsequently resigned from UMNO to join BERSATU in December 2018.[11]

In 2020, when the Pakatan Harapan government crumpled due to Mahathir Mohamad's sudden resignation after trying to eradicate those who are involved in the Sheraton Move but failed. He was elected as the Home Minister by the newly appointed Prime Minister Muhyiddin Yassin in Muhyiddin cabinet.[3] He then retained as the Home Minister in Ismail Sabri cabinet.[12]

Controversies and issues[edit]

Divorcing his first wife[edit]

In 2004, he was asked to pay his first wife Nooraini Rashid RM11.2 million in settlements for allegedly divorcing her to marry a much younger woman. In 2007 however, the Syariah Appeals Court allowed for his appeal to not pay his ex-wife.[3][13]

Anwar was sued for allegedly harassing his second wife[edit]

In August 2008, former best friend and opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim, filed a defamation suit against him seeking RM10 million in damages over Hamzah’s allegations that Anwar had harassed his wife in 1998. Hamzah allegedly made the remark when campaigning during the Permatang Pauh by-election in August 2008, which subsequently saw Anwar’s return to parliament after a 10-year absence.[3][13]

Intervention in PDRM[edit]

In 2021, he was caught having a phone conversation with the soon-to-retire inspector-general of police (IGP) to allow him to internally transfer staffs and also enable him to have over certain jurisdiction of Polis Diraja Malaysia (PDRM) which will indirectly interfere with the operation. At the IGP's last week in office, Abdul Hamid Bador revealed all the dirty tricks of Hamzah trial efforts to interfere with the PDRM and how it will affect the PDRM's reputation.[3] He acknowledged that the voice of the recording was his and stand being corrected as it is not unlawful despite IGP's comment on how politician's interference will make operations hard for the PDRM.[14][15][16][17][18]

Personal life[edit]

Hamzah was married to Noraini Abdul Rashid in 1981 before divorcing her in 1996 to marry his second wife, Norashikin Abdul Ghani.[3] He has 5 children.

Election results[edit]

Parliament of Malaysia[19][20][21][22][23][24][25][26]
Year Constituency Government Votes Pct Opposition Votes Pct Ballots cast Majority Turnout
2008 P056 Larut, Perak Hamzah Zainudin (UMNO) 15,878 53.20% Mohd Dhari Othman (PAS) 13,967 46.80% 30,589 1,911 77.06%
2013 Hamzah Zainudin (UMNO) 22,184 56.38% Mohd Fauzi Shaari (PAS) 16,888 42.92% 40,100 5,296 86.09%
Raveendran M. Vallikana (IND) 278 0.70%
2018 Hamzah Zainudin (UMNO) 18,184 45.90% Abu Husin Mohammad (PAS) 13,698 34.57% 40,470 4,486 81.84%
Khairil Anuar Akhiruddin (BERSATU) 7,738 19.53%
2022 Hamzah Zainudin (BERSATU) 28,350 54.65% Mohd Shafiq Fhadly Mahmud (UMNO) 16,752 32.29% 51,875 11,598 78.93%
Zolkarnian Abidin (AMANAH) 6,207 11.97%
Awzey Fazlan Sahidi (PEJUANG) 566 1.09%

Honours[edit]

Honours of Malaysia[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hansard" (PDF). Dewan Rakyat. 19 December 2022. pp. 19, 20. Retrieved 22 December 2022.
  2. ^ "Hamzah selected to be Opposition leader in Parliament, says Takiyuddin". The Star. 10 December 2022. Retrieved 11 December 2022.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Maya Suraya (16 June 2021). "From Property To Politics: Who Is Hamzah Zainudin? Malaysia's Home Minister was a business man before turning to politics". The Rakyat Post. Retrieved 28 August 2021.
  4. ^ "Hamzah Zainudin, daripada Samseng di Sekolah kepada Samseng di Pentas Politik". Aksi Muda. Retrieved 24 March 2022.
  5. ^ "Enam Alumni UTM Dilantik Terajui Negara". UTM News. Retrieved 24 March 2022.
  6. ^ Leoi Leoi, Sim (19 April 2003). "Felcra reminded of its social obligations". The Star (Malaysia). Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2009.
  7. ^ "Malaysia Decides 2008". The Star (Malaysia). Archived from the original on 21 August 2008. Retrieved 2 January 2010.
  8. ^ "Branch Offices of Solid Waste Management Corporation To Be Set Up". Berita Wilayah. 30 March 2008. Retrieved 2 January 2009.
  9. ^ "Don't sideline Umno, BN elected reps told". Daily Express (East Malaysia). 20 August 2006. Archived from the original on 3 June 2011. Retrieved 2 January 2009.
  10. ^ "Hamzah Zainudin, Y.B. Datuk" (in Malay). Parliament of Malaysia. Retrieved 13 June 2010.
  11. ^ Mazwin Nik Anis, Muguntan Vanar and Zakiah Koya (15 December 2018). "Six more MPs leave Umno". The Star. Retrieved 15 December 2018.
  12. ^ "Here's the new Cabinet members under PM Ismail Sabri Yaakob". Astro Awani. Retrieved 25 March 2022.
  13. ^ a b "WHO IS HAMZAH ZAINUDIN, THE MAN ACCUSED OF GIVING MUHYIDDIN BAD ADVICE?". Cilisos. Retrieved 24 March 2022.
  14. ^ "It's me in leaked audio recording, confirms Hamzah". Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 10 May 2021.
  15. ^ "It was me, nothing wrong with it, Hamzah says of leaked audio recording". The Star. Retrieved 10 May 2021.
  16. ^ "Report: Ex-IGP Hamid says Home Minister Hamzah trying to configure Special Branch for own political gains". Malay Mail. Retrieved 10 May 2021.
  17. ^ "Ex-IGP blasts Hamzah again, claims he exploited Special Branch". Focus Malaysia. Retrieved 10 May 2021.
  18. ^ "Malaysia Decides 2008". The Star. Archived from the original on 9 April 2008. Retrieved 25 January 2010. Percentage figures are calculated based on total turnout.
  19. ^ "Keputusan Pilihan Raya Umum Parlimen/Dewan Undangan Negeri" (in Malay). Election Commission of Malaysia. Retrieved 4 February 2017. Percentage figures based on total turnout.
  20. ^ "Malaysia General Election". undiinfo Malaysian Election Data. Malaysiakini. Retrieved 4 February 2017. Results only available from the 2004 election.
  21. ^ "KEPUTUSAN PILIHAN RAYA UMUM 13". Sistem Pengurusan Maklumat Pilihan Raya Umum (in Malay). Election Commission of Malaysia. Retrieved 24 March 2017.
  22. ^ "my undi : Kawasan & Calon-Calon PRU13 : Keputusan PRU13 (Archived copy)". www.myundi.com.my. Archived from the original on 31 March 2014. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
  23. ^ "Keputusan Pilihan Raya Umum ke-13". Utusan Malaysia. Archived from the original on 21 March 2018. Retrieved 26 October 2014.
  24. ^ "SEMAKAN KEPUTUSAN PILIHAN RAYA UMUM KE - 14" (in Malay). Election Commission of Malaysia. Retrieved 17 May 2018. Percentage figures based on total turnout.
  25. ^ "The Star Online GE14". The Star. Retrieved 24 May 2018. Percentage figures based on total turnout.
  26. ^ a b c "SEMAKAN PENERIMA DARJAH KEBESARAN, BINTANG DAN PINGAT". Prime Minister's Department (Malaysia). Retrieved 25 October 2018.
  27. ^ "Zahid Hamidi penerima pertama Seri Paduka Sultan Nazrin Shah". Utusan Malaysia (in Malay). 28 November 2015. Retrieved 30 October 2018.
  28. ^ "Ismail Sabri, Hamzah Zainudin head list of 679 Sabah award recipients". The Star Online. 2 October 2020. Retrieved 3 October 2020.
  29. ^ "Hamzah Zainudin, Ismail Sabri antara empat dapat Datuk Seri Panglima Sabah" (in Malay). Berita Harian. 2 October 2020. Retrieved 3 October 2020.
  30. ^ "Hamzah, Saifuddin dahului senarai penerima darjah, pingat Pahang". Malaysiakini. 14 December 2021. Retrieved 14 December 2021.