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Haná or Hanakia (Czech: Haná or Hanácko, German: Hanna or Hanakei) is an ethnographic region in central Moravia in the Czech Republic. Its core area is located along the eponymous river of Haná, around the towns of Vyškov and Prostějov, but in common perception it roughly corresponds to the whole Upper Morava Vale, with Olomouc as its natural centre. In terms of the actual administrative division, Hanakia covers the most of Olomouc Region and adjacent parts of South Moravian Region and Zlín Region.
Haná is known for its agricultural fertility, rich costumes, and traditional customs. The Haná dialect (Hanakian dialect, Czech: hanáčtina) is spoken in the region, and is part of the Central Moravian dialect group (which is even often referred to as the "Hanakian dialects"). This traditional dialect has been preserved and continues to be used even in printed publications from the region. Folk music from Haná is recognized locally by its lyrics in the Haná dialect.
In the 18th and 19th century, the term "Hanack" (Hanák, French: Hanaque), was used for a Slavic people, peasants, in Moravia. Today, the Czech term Hanáci is used for an ethnographic group inhabiting the Haná region.
Significant cities and places
- Olomouc - the center of Haná and the historical capital of Moravia.
- Přerov - industrial town, well known as an archeologically significant place where mammoth hunters settled in Předmostí. Among the town's famous residents was Jan Amos Komenský, known as the "father of modern education".
- Prostějov - nicknamed the "Manchester of Haná" and, prior to the Holocaust, "Jerusalem of Haná".
- Příkazy - the Haná Open Air Museum
- Svatý Kopeček - a pilgrimage site (Olomouc)
- Hrad Bouzov
- Hostýn - a pilgrimage place (Bystřice pod Hostýnem)
- Kroměříž - nicknamed the "Athens of Haná".
- Litovel - nicknamed the "Venice of Haná".
- Litovelské pomoraví Protected Landscape Area
- Haná River valley - a tributary of the Morava river
- Náměšť na Hané
- Javoříčské jeskyně
- Mladečské jeskyně
- Zámek Chropyně
- Zbrašovské aragonitové jeskyně
- Vyškov - formerly called "Moravian Versailles" or "Versailles of Haná".
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- Olomouc Region
- South Moravian Region
- Zlín Region
- Hanakian Moravian Slovakia (cs:Hanácké Slovácko)
- Stanislav Brouček; Richard Jeřábek (2007). Lidová kultura: národopisná encyklopedie Čech, Moravy a Slezska. Mladá fronta. ISBN 978-80-204-1711-4.
Hanaque Paisan qui habite les confins de la Moravie - A Hanack. Or a Peasant inhabiting y Con- fines of Moravia
- Conrad Malte-Brun; Jean-Jacques-Nicolas Huot (1834). A system of universal geography: or A description of all the parts of the world, on a new plan, according to the great natural divisions of the globe. S. Walker. pp. 726–.
the different Slavonic tribes, may still be distinguished, not only in Bohemia, but in Moravia and Silesia, although many German words have been introduced into them. . The Hannack is harsh in its pronunciation ; the Slowack is divided into two sub-dialects, the Moravian Slowack, which is spoken by the Slowacks and the ...
- "Holocaust v Prostějově". Archived from the original on 4 November 2012. Retrieved 1 November 2012.
- "Welcoming Kromeriz boasts a UNESCO sight". Archived from the original on 28 May 2012. Retrieved 1 November 2012.
- "Hanácké Benátky 2012". Retrieved 1 November 2012.
- "Vyškov". Retrieved 1 November 2012.
- (in English) Central Moravia
- (in Czech) Folklore from Haná
- (in English) Folklore group Hanačka
- (in Czech) about the Haná dialect