|Mayor of Kaohsiung|
|Assumed office |
25 December 2018
|Preceded by||Chen Chu|
Hsu Li-ming (acting)
|Member of the Legislative Yuan|
1 February 1999 – 31 January 2002
|Constituency||Taipei County 3|
1 February 1993 – 31 January 1999
|Born||17 June 1957|
Taipei County, Taiwan
|Nationality||Republic of China|
|Alma mater||Soochow University|
National Chengchi University
Republic of China Military Academy
|Allegiance||Republic of China|
|Branch/service||Republic of China Army|
|Unit||Republic of China Military Academy|
Daniel Han Kuo-yu (Chinese: 韓國瑜; pinyin: Hán Guóyú; Wade–Giles: Han² Kuo²-yü²; born 17 June 1957) is a Taiwanese politician. He was a member of the Legislative Yuan from 1993 to 2002, representing a portion of Taipei County for three terms. He later became general manager of Taipei Agricultural Products Marketing Corporation. In 2017, Han contested the Kuomintang chairmanship, losing to Wu Den-yih. Han was elected Mayor of Kaohsiung in November 2018, and became the first Kuomintang politician since Wu in 1998 to hold the office. Han and Chang San-cheng represented the KMT in the 2020 Taiwanese presidential election, losing to Tsai Ing-wen and William Lai in a landslide.
- 1 Early life, education, and career
- 2 Early political career
- 3 Mayor of Kaohsiung
- 4 Personal life
- 5 References
- 6 External links
Early life, education, and career
Han was born in Taiwan to parents from Henan, on 17 June 1957. He studied English literature at Soochow University after graduating from the Republic of China Military Academy, and he earned a Master of Laws in East Asian studies from the Graduate Institute of East Asian Studies of National Chengchi University in 1988. He wrote his master's degree thesis with the title A Look at the Negotiations during the 'Two Airlines Uprising' from the Perspective of the Communist Party of China's (United Front) Strategy (從中共「對臺統戰」策略看兩航談判). Prior to running for public office, Han was a school principal.
Early political career
He was first elected to the Legislative Yuan in 1992 and remained in office until 2002, serving for a time as Kuomintang (KMT) caucus leader. As a legislator, he became known for his combative personality. Han then served as deputy mayor of Zhonghe under mayor Chiu Chui-yi.
After leaving politics, Han lived in Yunlin County, in his wife's hometown, where he became friendly with former Yunlin County Magistrate Chang Jung-wei. Due to their friendly relationship, Han was believed to be Chang's ally.
In January 2013, with Chang's support, Han became the general manager of Taipei Agricultural Products Marketing Corporation (TAPMC), a corporation jointly owned by Taipei City and the Council of Agriculture. The TAPMC manages the produce demands of the greater Taipei area.
2017 KMT chairmanship election
In January 2017, Han resigned from his position as president of TAPMC to enter that year's Kuomintang chairmanship election. He finished fourth in a field of six candidates. Following his loss to Wu Den-yih, Han served as the Kuomintang's Kaohsiung chapter director.
|2017 Kuomintang chairmanship election|
Mayor of Kaohsiung
2018 Kaohsiung mayoral campaign and election
|2018 Kuomintang Kaohsiung City mayoral primary results|
During the initial campaign stage, he received almost no support from the party as he was seen as unlikely to win the election. This is due to the traditionally deep-rooted Democratic Progressive Party presence in Kaohsiung. However, his popularity soared within months during the campaign period, which also benefited other KMT candidates. His mayoral campaign drew wide attention and support. Support for Han has been termed "Hánliú" (韓流; a pun on the Chinese expression ”寒流來了” (roughly “Winter is coming”) referencing the momentum it has gained).[disputed (for: the origin of the term "Hánliú" when referring to the Han Kuo-yu phenomenon) ] The main focus of his campaign was on the air pollution and economic growth of Kaohsiung. Campaigning on what he called Kaohsiung's economic stagnation that has led to a brain drain of students to Northern Taiwan, his campaign was able not just to turn out a usually dormant pan-Blue voting bloc in Kaohsiung, but also convinced many pan-Green voters to switch sides with his promises of greater economic development.
Despite his claims of having minimal support for his Kaohsiung election, accordingly to paperwork filed with the Central Election Commission, Han received and spent the most compared to the other mayoral races in Taiwan. Campaign contributions totaled NT$129,149,779 (USD $4,304,992) and expenses totaled NT$140,873,536 (USD $4,695,784). The amounts exceeded the NT$88,841,000 cap placed by election rules.
|2018 Kaohsiung City mayoral results|
|2||Chen Chi-mai||Democratic Progressive Party||742,239||44.80%|
Trying to fulfill his election campaign to make Kaohsiung a richer city, the day after he won the mayoral election Han invited Foxconn to invest in Kaohsiung. In addition, he sought fluent English speakers to fill vacancies in his administration pertaining to promotion and public relations. Han expressed support for the 1992 consensus and stated that he would form committees dedicated to Cross-Strait relations. On 3 December 2018, it was announced that former Transport and Communications Minister Yeh Kuang-shih would be Han's deputy mayor. Lee Shu-chuan's appointment to the same role was announced on 15 December 2018.
On the morning of 25 December 2018, Han and his wife took a boat along the Love River to reach the inauguration ceremony venue. During the ceremony, he promised to promote Kaohsiung products, facilitate the inflow of money to the city, pay off the city's debt and invest in the future generations of Kaohsiung. He also stated that the city belongs to the people of Kaohsiung and not any particular political party.
2019 Malaysia and Singapore visit
On 24 February 2019, Han began a five-day trip to Malaysia and Singapore, his first official overseas visit after assuming the mayoralty. During his visit, Han sought to discuss business and tourism opportunities in Kaohsiung.
2019 Hong Kong, Macau and Mainland China visit
In March 2019, Han and a delegation of municipal officials visited Hong Kong, Macau and Mainland China for a seven-day trip to discuss agriculture. Members of the delegation included Han and his wife, deputy mayor Yeh Kuang-shih, and ten Kaohsiung City Councilors. They arrived at Hong Kong International Airport on 22 March 2019 and were welcomed by Permanent Secretary for Constitutional and Mainland Affairs Roy Tang Yun-kwong and Hong Kong Liaison Office Taiwan Department head Yang Liuchang. Also present to greet Han was Kao Ming-tsun, acting head of Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in Hong Kong.
In Hong Kong, Han met with Hong Kong Chief Executive Carrie Lam at the Government House, followed by a visit to the Hong Kong Liaison Office, where he met with the office director Wang Zhimin, making him the first ROC politician to ever visit the liaison office.
Han continued his trip to Macau on 23 March 2019 through the Hong Kong–Zhuhai–Macau Bridge. Upon arrival in Macau, he met with Macau Chief Executive Fernando Chui at the Macau Government Headquarters. Afterwards, the delegation continued their trip to Tap Seac Health Center, where Han was briefed about public health services in Macau. Han then visited the Food Products Exhibition Center in Tap Seac Square. In the afternoon, the delegation attended the Macau–Kaohsiung Investment and Trade Conference and Agreement signing ceremony at Macau Tower. From the conference, the delegation visited the Galaxy Macau where Han met with Galaxy Entertainment Group Deputy Chairperson and Executive Director and Melco Resorts and Entertainment Limited Chairman and CEO. He also visited the Macau Liaison Office and had a dinner with the liaison office's director Fu Ziying in the evening at New Bamboo Mansion in Penha Hill. The next day, the delegation also visited Macau Jockey Club, in which Han met with legislator and gaming executive Leong On-kei. They then continued their trip to the University of Macau where Han visited the State Key Laboratory of Quality Research in Chinese Medicine.
After the delegates arrived in Shenzhen, Han visited the civic center of the city and Guangdong Free-Trade Zone. He also met with Taiwan Affairs Office Director Liu Jieyi and Shenzhen Communist Party Secretary Wang Weizhong.
The total value of trade deals signed during Han's visit to Mainland China totaled NT$5.2 billion.
2019 United States visit
On 9 April 2019, Han embarked on a nine-day visit to the United States, where he visited Boston, Los Angeles, and Silicon Valley. During the trip, Han sought to encourage American investment in Kaohsiung. He met with Congresspeople Ted Lieu and Judy Chu and also Los Angeles Deputy Mayor Nina Hachigian. Han also gave speeches at Harvard University and Stanford University.
2020 presidential primary
Soon after Han took office as mayor, support of Han as a candidate for the 2020 Taiwan presidential election began to build. Han initially refused calls for him to contest the election, and later stated that he would not participate in the 2019 Kuomintang presidential primary. A week after that statement, Han said that he would abide by Kuomintang's primary process. On 5 June 2019, Han announced that he would stand in the Kuomintang presidential primary. Han registered for the primary three days after his announcement. Han scheduled five rallies for the primary, with the last one held on 8 July in Hsinchu City. On 15 July, he won the Kuomintang presidential primary. Han was formally nominated as the Kuomintang presidential candidate on 28 July 2019.
|2019 Kuomintang Republic of China presidential primary results|
2020 presidential campaign
Han held a presidential election rally on 8 September 2019 at Xingfu Shuiyang Park (Chinese: 幸福水漾公園) in Sanchong District, New Taipei. Former president Ma Ying-jeou and KMT chairperson Wu Den-yih were also at the event. Han conveyed four main points of his campaign platform, which were to defend the Republic of China, to love Chinese culture, to uphold freedom and democracy and to never forget the struggling people. He began a three-month leave of absence despite having serving only six months of his term to focus on his presidential campaign, delegating mayoral duties to Yeh Kuang-shih from 15 October 2019. On 11 November 2019, Han officially picked former Premier Chang San-cheng as his running mate for the election. The Kuomintang ticket completed registration for the election on 18 November 2019. Han and Chang finished second in the presidential election to incumbent president Tsai Ing-wen and her running mate William Lai.
|Democratic Progressive Party||Tsai Ing-wen||William Lai||8,170,231||57.13%|
|Kuomintang||Han Kuo-yu||Chang San-cheng||5,522,119||38.61%|
|People First Party||James Soong||Sandra Yu||608,590||4.26%|
|Invalid and blank votes||163,631||1.13%|
|Eligible voters and turnout||19,311,105||74.90%|
Return to the mayoralty
Han returned to Kaohsiung and resumed mayoral duties on 13 January 2020.
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