|Hana Millennium Legacy Trail|
|Maintained by HDOT|
|Length||64.4 mi (103.6 km)|
| Route 36 from Kahului to Haiku-Pauwela|
Route 360 from Haiku-Pauwela to Kalepa Gulch
|West end||Route 32 in Kahului|
|East end||Route 31 in Haleakalā Nat'l Park|
Hana Belt Road
|Nearest city||Makawao, Hawaii|
|Area||153 acres (62 ha)|
|Architectural style||Basalt arch, et al.|
|NRHP reference No.||01000615|
|Added to NRHP||June 15, 2001|
|Designated HRHP||April 20, 2001|
The Hana Highway (colloquially referred to as The Road to Hana) is a 64.4-mile-long (103.6 km) stretch of Hawaii Routes 36 and 360 which connects Kahului to the town of Hana in east Maui. To the east of Kalepa Bridge, the highway continues to Kipahulu as Hawaii Route 31 (the Piilani Highway). Although Hana is only about 52 miles (84 km) from Kahului, an uninterrupted car-trip takes about 2.5 hours to drive, since the highway is very windy, narrow, and passes over 59 bridges, of which 46 are only one lane wide. There are approximately 620 curves along Route 360 from just east of Kahului to Hana, almost all of it through lush, tropical rainforest. Many of the concrete and steel bridges date back to 1910 and all but one are still in use. That one bridge, badly damaged by erosion, has been replaced by a portable steel ACROW or Bailey bridge erected by the United States Army Corps of Engineers.
In August 2000, the highway was designated as the Hana Millennium Legacy Trail by President Bill Clinton, with the trail start designated in Pāʻia. The Hana Highway was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on June 15, 2001.
Hana Highway consists of Hawaii Routes 36 and 360. Route 36 is a mixture of urban street, divided highway, and high-speed rural highway. Route 360 is a narrow and winding mountain road. Mileposts in tourist guides refer to mile markers on Route 360, not Route 36.
Route 36 begins in Kahului and the junction of Routes 32 and 311, and the road named Hana Highway begins one block east. The highway runs east as a four-lane divided highway, intersecting with Routes 380, 3800 which serve Kahului Airport to the north and connect to Maalaea and West Maui to the south. A short distance east, it intersects Route 37, which serves Haleakala to the south. East of this point, the highway becomes a two-lane rural highway, passing through Pa'ia and Ha'iku. Highway 36 ends at Route 365 east of Haiku, while the Hana Highway continues as Route 360.
Highway 360 is a narrow, winding, and low speed mountain highway. Its initial junction is marked as Mile Zero at Route 36, and the highway runs in a southeasterly direction toward Hana. This highway includes numerous one-lane stretches of roadway, including one-lane bridges. The road provides access to the community of Keanae, Wailua, and Nahiku, arriving at Hana at mile 34. The highway then turns to the west and continues as Route 31.
The Hana Highway is a popular tourist attraction in Maui. Guidebooks often devote large sections to traveling the highway leading to the eastern side of Maui, documenting the many waterfalls and attractions that can be found along the way. Some of these attractions lie within or through private property and will often have "no trespassing" signs posted or even signs claiming that the attraction does not exist. All beaches in Hawaii are public. Some guidebooks document the "keep out" areas and ways past barbed wire fences and locked gates to reach attractions.
Occasionally the dirt road past Route 31 is closed to traffic due to landslides. However, although it is somewhat rough in places, it is by no means a daunting or particularly dangerous road if taken slowly.
Scenic turnouts abound, including one for Wailua Falls near the Seven Sacred Pools in Oheʻo.
In the sixteenth century, Maui's King Pi'ilani conquered East Maui and drew Hana into his political sphere. Pi'ilani built the Alaloa, the "long road," from West Maui, a road on which travelers reportedly swung themselves over East Maui's rushing streams with ropes made of vines. Later, Piilani's son, Kihapiilani, extended the Alaloa into the Hana District. When completed, the road was 4 to 6 feet (1.2 to 1.8 m) wide, 138 miles (222 km), and paved with hand-fitted basalt (lava) rocks. Modern road construction to Hana began in the 1870s, with an unpaved road built to facilitate the construction of the Hämäkua Ditch. Part of The East Maui Irrigation System, the Hämäkua Ditch brought water from the rainforests of Haleakalā to semi-arid central Maui to support the sugarcane industry.
Road construction continued in the early 1900s and was extended piecemeal until the full road to Hana was officially opened on December 18, 1926. Construction of bridges continued through the 1930s and the road was not completely paved until the 1960s.
The entire route is in Maui County.
|Kahului||0.0||0.0||Route 32 (Kaahumanu Avenue)||Northern terminus of Route 36, western terminus of Hana Highway|
Route 32A north (Hobron Avenue)
|No southbound access, southern terminus of Route 32A|
Route 36A east (Haleakala Highway)
|Western terminus of Route 36A|
|0.9||1.4||Route 380 (Dairy Road) – Kihei, Lahaina|
|1.2||1.9||Route 3800 (Airport Access Road) – Airport, Kihei, Lahaina|
|2.9||4.7||Route 37 (Haleakala Highway) – Pukalani, Makawao, Kula, Haleakala Crater|
|Paia||6.7||10.8||Baldwin Avenue – Makawao|
Route 365 south (Kaupakalua Road)
Route 36 / Route 360
|Northern terminus of Route 365|
Eastern terminus of Route 36, western terminus of Route 360
|Keanae||32.8||52.8||Keanae Road – Keanae|
|Hana||47.6||76.6||Alalele Road – Hana Airport|
|48.1||77.4||Honokalani Road – Waianapanapa State Park|
|49.9||80.3||Uakea Road – Hana Bay|
|50.6||81.4||Keawa Place – Hana Bay||Former terminus of state maintenance|
|Hamoa Beach||52.4||84.3||Haneoo Road – Hamoa Beach, Koki Beach|
|Haleakala National Park||60.7||97.7||Haleakala National Park – Kipahulu Area||Access to Oheʻo Gulch (Seven Sacred Pools)|
|Kalepa Gulch||64.4||103.6||Kalepa Bridge|
Route 31 west (Piilani Highway)
|Eastern terminus of Route 360 and the Hana Highway|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi|
- Google (August 28, 2014). "Hana Highway (1)" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved August 28, 2014.
- Microsoft; Nokia (August 28, 2014). "Hana Highway (2)" (Map). Bing Maps. Microsoft. Retrieved August 28, 2014.
- Google (August 28, 2014). "Hana Highway (3)" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved August 28, 2014.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. March 13, 2009.
- "Historic Register Counts". Hawai'i State Historic Preservation Division. State of Hawaii. February 1, 2022. Retrieved February 19, 2022.
- Kubota, Gary T. (October 27, 2000). "On the road to... Hana". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Retrieved March 7, 2014.
- Duensing, Dawn (Summer 2005). "Hana Belt Road" (PDF). Historic American Engineering Record. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress. Retrieved March 12, 2022.
- Duensing, Dawn (2007). "The Hana Belt Road: Paving the Way for Tourism" (PDF). Hawaiian Journal of History. Hawaiian Historical Society. 41. Retrieved January 13, 2016.
- "On the Road to Hana". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. October 27, 2000.
- Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) No. HI-34, "Papaahawahawa Bridge, Spanning Papaahawahawa Gulch at Pi'ilani Highway, Kipahulu, Maui County, HI", 4 photos, 17 data pages, 1 photo caption page
- HAER No. HI-63, "Paihi Bridge, Spanning Paihi Gulch at Hana Highway (County Route 31), Kipahulu, Maui County, HI", 7 photos, 16 data pages, 1 photo caption page
- HAER No. HI-70, "Kaukau'ai Bridge, Spanning Kaukau'ai Gulch on Hana Highway (County Route 31), Kipahulu, Maui County, HI", 9 photos, 16 data pages, 1 photo caption page
- HAER No. HI-71, "Waiohonu Bridge, Spanning Waiohonu Stream on Hana Highway (County Route 31), Puuiki, Maui County, HI", 8 photos, 14 data pages, 1 photo caption page
- HAER No. HI-72, "Kapi'a Stream Bridge, Spanning Kapi'a Stream on Hana Highway (County Route 31), Hana, Maui County, HI", 8 photos, 14 data pages, 1 photo caption page
- HAER No. HI-75, "Hana Belt Road, Between Haiku and Kaipahulu, Hana, Maui County, HI", 169 photos, 12 color transparencies, 13 measured drawings, 104 data pages, 10 photo caption pages
|Browse numbered routes|
|← Route 32B||→ Route 36A|
|← Route 340||→ Route 361|