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Hana Mandlíková

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Hana Mandlíková
Mandlíková in 2009
Country (sports) Czechoslovakia
ResidencePrague, Czech Republic & Bradenton, Florida
Born (1962-02-19) 19 February 1962 (age 62)
Prague, Czechoslovakia
Height1.73 m (5 ft 8 in)
Turned pro1978
PlaysRight-handed (one handed-backhand)
Prize money$3,340,959
Int. Tennis HoF1994 (member page)
Career record565–194 (74.4%)
Career titles27
Highest rankingNo. 3 (16 April 1984)
Grand Slam singles results
Australian OpenW (1980, 1987)
French OpenW (1981)
WimbledonF (1981, 1986)
US OpenW (1985)
Career record330–153
Career titles19
Highest rankingNo. 6 (1985)
Grand Slam doubles results
Australian OpenQF (1987, 1988)
French OpenF (1984)
WimbledonF (1986)
US OpenW (1989)
Other doubles tournaments
Tour FinalsW (1986Mar)
Team competitions
Fed Cup Czechoslovakia
W (1983, 1984, 1985, 1988)
Hopman Cup Australia
F (1989 with Pat Cash)

Hana Mandlíková (born 19 February 1962) is a former professional tennis player from Czechoslovakia who later obtained Australian citizenship. During her career, she won four Grand Slam singles titles - the 1980 Australian Open, 1981 French Open, 1985 US Open and 1987 Australian Open. She was also runner-up in four Grand Slam singles events - twice at Wimbledon and twice at the US Open. The graceful right-hander secured one Grand Slam women's doubles title, at the 1989 US Open with Martina Navratilova. Inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1994, Mandlíková was one of the brightest stars of her generation and is considered one of the greatest female players of the Open Era.[1][2]

Mandlíková had a career-high singles ranking of No. 3, and was ranked in the top 50 for 12 consecutive seasons (1978–89), including seven in the top 10. She led Czechoslovakia to three consecutive Federation Cup victories from 1983 to 1985, and was only the third woman to win Grand Slam titles on grass, clay and hard court, joining Chris Evert and Martina Navratilova. She defeated both Evert and Navratilova on consecutive days to accomplish this feat at the 1985 US Open. She retired in 1990, and went on to coach Jana Novotná to the Wimbledon singles title and a career-high ranking of world No. 2. She also served as the Czech Republic's Olympic and Fed Cup coach.

Personal life[edit]

Born in Prague, Mandlíková is the daughter of Vilém Mandlík, who was an Olympic 200-metre semi-finalist for Czechoslovakia at the 1956 Olympic Games in Melbourne.[3] He also ran in the 1960 Rome Olympics. She married Czech-born Australian restaurateur Jan Sedlak at the Old Town Hall in Prague during 1986 Federation Cup. The couple divorced two years later, shortly after Mandlíková obtained Australian citizenship.[4] In May 2001, she gave birth to twins Mark Vilém and Elizabeth Hana.[5] Their father was a friend who was to have no role in their upbringing. Mandlíková is raising her two children with her partner, Sydney Biller, in Bradenton, Florida. Both children are tennis players.



Mandlíková first came to the tennis world's attention as a junior. In 1978, the International Tennis Federation launched world junior rankings, and Mandlíková became the first female world No. 1 junior.


Mandlíková captured her first Grand Slam singles title at the Australian Open in 1980, aged 18, defeating Australian Wendy Turnbull in straight sets in the final.[6] Her second came the following year at the French Open with straight-sets wins over Chris Evert in the semifinals and West German Sylvia Hanika in the final. Mandlíková was also runner-up at the US Open in 1980 and 1982 and at Wimbledon in 1981, losing in all three finals to Evert. From the 1980 US Open through to Wimbledon 1981, she made four consecutive Grand Slam singles final appearances. Mandlíková ended Chris Evert's 72-match winning streak on clay at the 1981 French Open.

In 1983, Mandlíková led Czechoslovakia to the first of three consecutive Federation Cup titles. The following year, she defeated Martina Navratilova in three sets in the final at Oakland, California, ending Navratilova's 54-match winning streak, two short of tying the record held by Evert at the time.[3] Navratilova then embarked on a 74-match winning streak, a record that still stands. It was in April 1984 that Mandlíková first achieved her career-high world No. 3 ranking.

At the 1985 US Open, Mandlíková became the first woman since Tracy Austin to defeat both Evert and Navratilova in the same tournament when she stopped top-seeded Evert in the semifinals and then second-seeded Navratilova in the three-set final. This victory in the final made her only the third woman, after Evert and Navratilova, to win Grand Slam titles on grass, clay and hard court. Since then, only four other women have achieved this feat: Steffi Graf, Serena Williams, Maria Sharapova and Ashleigh Barty.

The following year, Mandlíková teamed with Turnbull to win the women's doubles title at the WTA Tour Championships. In doing so, they defeated the top two teams at the time - Navratilova and Pam Shriver in the semifinals and Claudia Kohde-Kilsch and Helena Suková in the final. Mandlíková and Turnbull were also runners-up to Navratilova and Shriver at Wimbledon and the US Open in 1986. Mandlíková also lost in the Wimbledon singles final that year to Navratilova.

A high point of Mandlíková's European summer in 1986 was a win over Steffi Graf in the quarterfinals of the French Open. Graf had won four titles that season on clay with victories over Mandlíková, Evert, Navratilova, Kohde Kilsch, and Gabriela Sabatini, and held a match point in the second set of their quarterfinal before Mandlíková broke another winning streak. Graf had won her previous 23 matches.

In 1987, Mandlíková won her fourth and final Grand Slam singles title when she conquered Navratilova in straight sets in the final of the Australian Open.[6][7] With this victory, she once again ended a Navratilova winning run, this time after 56 matches. This was the last Australian Open played on grass.

Mandlíková attained Australian citizenship in 1988,[8] and her last consistent performance in a Grand Slam event was at the 1988 Australian Open, where, as the defending champion at the new hard court venue, she reached the quarterfinals before losing to eventual champion Graf. 1988 also saw her divorced from Sedlak. Injury problems Mandlíková had been experiencing for several years saw her year-end ranking for 1988 drop to 29, her lowest since 1978.

She teamed with Pat Cash to represent Australia in the first edition of the Hopman Cup, reaching the final played on New Year's Day 1989, but losing to Czechoslovakia. In September she teamed with Navratilova to win the US Open women's doubles title, defeating Shriver and Mary Joe Fernández in the final. Mandlíková ended the 1989 season ranked 14 in the world.

Ten years after her first Grand Slam victory, Mandlíková retired from the professional tennis tour in 1990 at age 28, having won 27 singles and 19 doubles titles. Her Federation Cup win-loss singles record - 34–6. Mandlíková is one of only 13 women during the Open Era to have reached the singles finals of all four Grand Slam tournaments.

After retiring from the tour she became a successful coach. She coached Jana Novotná for nine years (1990–99), during which period Novotná won the 1998 Wimbledon ladies singles and reached the world No. 2 ranking. Mandlíková was also captain of the Czech Republic's Fed Cup team until 1996.

During her professional career, Mandlíková was coached by former player Betty Stöve.[3][9][10]

Mandlíková was inducted into the International Tennis Hall of Fame in 1994 and received the Hall of Fame ring in 2017.[6]

Grand Slam performance timelines[edit]

(W) winner; (F) finalist; (SF) semifinalist; (QF) quarterfinalist; (#R) rounds 4, 3, 2, 1; (RR) round-robin stage; (Q#) qualification round; (DNQ) did not qualify; (A) absent; (NH) not held; (SR) strike rate (events won / competed); (W–L) win–loss record.


 Czechoslovakia  Australia
Tournament 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 Career SR
Australian Open A QF W QF 2R 2R A SF NH W QF 4R 3R 2 / 10
French Open 2R QF SF W SF QF SF QF SF 2R 2R 1R A 1 / 12
Wimbledon A 4R 4R F 2R 4R SF 3R F A 3R 4R 2R 0 / 11
US Open 3R 2R F QF F QF QF W 4R 4R A 3R A 1 / 11
SR 0 / 2 0 / 4 1 / 4 1 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 4 0 / 3 1 / 4 0 / 3 1 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 4 0 / 2 4 / 44
Year-end ranking 45 17 4 5 7 12 3 3 4 5 29 14 NR


 Czechoslovakia  Australia
Tournament 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 Career SR
Australian Open A A 1R 2R A A A 2R NH QF QF 1R 1R 0 / 7
French Open 2R QF SF 3R 3R QF F 3R SF 1R 3R 3R A 0 / 12
Wimbledon 1R 2R 2R A 2R 2R QF SF F A 2R 3R A 0 / 10
US Open A A 3R SF 3R 2R 3R SF F 3R A W A 1 / 9
SR 0 / 2 0 / 2 0 / 4 0 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 4 0 / 3 0 / 3 0 / 3 1 / 4 0 / 1 1 / 38
Year-end ranking 11 6 7 12 60 17 46

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Sharpless, Greg. "Hall of Famer Spotlight: Hana Mandlikova's 3 Great Moments". International Tennis Hall of Fame. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  2. ^ Sharpless, Greg. "THE 50 GREATEST PLAYERS OF THE OPEN ERA (W): NO. 19, HANA MANDLIKOVA". tennis.com. Retrieved 9 June 2019.
  3. ^ a b c Jaime Diaz (20 May 1985). "Hana Is Getting It All Together". Sports Illustrated. Vol. 62, no. 20. pp. 49–54, 79.
  4. ^ John Roberts (5 August 2001). "Kournikova limits her partners to Hingis". The Independent.
  5. ^ Harvey Fialkov (14 July 2015). "Hana Mandlikova happily shifts from Grand Slam champ to tennis mom". SunSentinel.
  6. ^ a b c Justin Ross (25 March 2017). "Hana Mandlikova Receives Her International Tennis Hall of Fame Ring at the Miami Open". Miami Open. Archived from the original on 19 May 2017. Retrieved 25 April 2017.
  7. ^ Roy S. Johnson (4 September 1987). "Mandlikova Won't Step Aside for Graf". The New York Times.
  8. ^ "Mandlikova Is Now an Australian". Los Angeles Times. 2 January 1988.
  9. ^ "Hana Mandlikova advances". The New York Times. 28 May 1982.
  10. ^ Julie Cart (23 March 1986). "Tennis : Mandlikova Thinks Diplomacy May Be Better Way to Go". Los Angeles Times.

External links[edit]

Websites : hanamandlikova.com