Hanna Rovina

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Hanna Rovina
HANA ROVINA THE DYBBUK 1920.jpg
Hana Rovina in The Dybbuk (1920)
Born 15 September 1888
Died February 3, 1980(1980-02-03) (aged 91)
Citizenship Israeli
Occupation Actress
Sol Hurok and Hana Rovina (1954)

Hanna Rovina (Hebrew: חנה רובינא‎‎‎; 15 September 1888[1] – 3 February 1980), written also Hannah, Hana, or Chana Rovina or Robina, Israeli actress, is recognised as the original "First Lady of Hebrew Theatre".[2]

Biography[edit]

Born in Byerazino, Minsk district (guberniya), Belarus, in the Russian Empire, she originally trained as a kindergarten teacher, at a course for Hebrew-speaking kindergarten teachers in Poland.

She began her career on stage at the "Hebrew Stage Theatre" of Nahum Tzemach. She joined the Habima theatre in 1917 just as it was being launched, and participated in its first production, a play by Yevgeny Vakhtangov. She became famous for her role as Leah'le, the young bride who is possessed by a demon in The Dybbuk by S. Ansky.[3]

In 1928, Rovina and the other actors of Habima immigrated to Mandate Palestine, where Habima became the flagship of the new national theatre movement, and Rovina was soon recognized as the movement's leading actress.[4] The image of Rovina in her role as Leah in the Moscow performance of The Dybbuk, in a white dress, with her long black braid, became an icon of the emergent Hebrew theatre, and especially of Habima.[5][6]


Rovina's room, in Habima Theatre

She filled every role she played with dramatic expression, taking every part very seriously and trying to live the life of the character, as prescribed by the Stanislavski School of acting. Outside the theatre, she was a non-conformist, even having a child out of wedlock with the Hebrew poet Alexander Penn, though this was very unusual for that time. Her lifestyle won her many admirers, even among people that did not frequent the theatre. Her admirers within the theatre included writer Nissim Aloni, who wrote a play, Aunt Liza, especially for her. Of course, Rovina played the lead.[7]

Rovina had a very stern attitude regarding the theatre, and made high demands of her audience. She frequently stopped a play in the middle when she felt that the audience wasn't behaving appropriately. In one famous instance, she stopped the play Hannah Senesh right in the middle of a moving scene, when she was visiting her daughter in prison before her execution. Turning to a group of school children in the audience, she shouted at them to stop munching sunflower seeds.

Rovina was awarded the Israel Prize for theatre in 1956.[5][8] She remained active on stage until her death, in 1980.[9] She died in Tel Aviv, aged 91.

References[edit]

  1. ^ On the dispute over her birth date, see: Carmit Guy, Ha-malka nas‘a be-otobus. Rovina ve-"Ha-Bima", Tel Aviv: Am Oved, 1995, p. 16.
  2. ^ Pillar of fire: the rebirth of ... 27 August 2008. Retrieved 14 September 2011. 
  3. ^ Journeyman in Jerusalem: Memories ... Retrieved 14 September 2011. 
  4. ^ Kohansky, Mendel (2007). "Hanna Rovina." Encyclopaedia Judaica. 2nd ed. New York: Macmillan Reference USA. Retrieved via Biography in Context database, 2017-03-07. "Arriving with the company in Palestine in 1928, she was soon acknowledged as the country's leading actress and henceforth her career was identified with Habimah."
  5. ^ a b Yerushalmi, Dorit (March 1, 2009). "Hanna Rovina". Jewish Women: A Comprehensive Historical Encyclopedia. Jewish Women's Archive. jwa.org. Retrieved 2017-03-06.
  6. ^ Bullock, Ken (July 2, 2009). "Habimah Resurrects 'The Dybbuk'"". Berkeley Daily Planet. Retrieved 2017-03-06. "Indeed, the photograph of Rovina as Leah from the Moscow production became the icon of the Habimah—and of Jewish theater generally."
  7. ^ Theater in Israel. 26 February 2008. Retrieved 14 September 2011. 
  8. ^ "Israel Prize Official Site - Recipients in 1956 (in Hebrew)". 
  9. ^ Who's who in Jewish history: after ... Retrieved 14 September 2011. 

See also[edit]