Lawton, Oklahoma, United States
|Education||Anadarko High School|
|Alma mater||University of Oklahoma
|Genre||Theater, Movies, Dance|
New Native American Drama: Three PlaysThe Native Americans: Behind the Legends, Beyond the Myths (TBS)
|Magnum opus||American Indian Dance Theatre|
Hanay Geiogamah (born 1945) is a playwright, TV and movie producer, artistic director, and a Professor in the School of Theater, Film and Television at the University of California, Los Angeles. He was born in Oklahoma and is a Kiowa and Delaware Native American. He is considered the first widely known and successful Native American playwright and one of the few Native American producers in Hollywood.
Geiogamah was born in Lawton, Oklahoma to a Kiowa father and Delaware mother. He graduated from Anadarko High School and studied journalism at the University of Oklahoma. He later attended Indiana University Bloomington. Following his graduation, he landed a job as the public affairs liaison for Commissioner of Indian Affairs Louis Bruce within the Bureau of Indian Affairs under President Richard Nixon.
New York and theater
In late 1971, Geiogamah formed a theater group at the La MaMa Experimental Theater Club in New York City's Lower East Side. Initially called the American Indian Theatre Ensemble, the group changed its name in 1973 to the Native American Theatre Ensemble. (The reason for this name change "was complex but simple," the company explained in text that appeared in a 1973 show program. "Too many non-Indians who approached us during [our] tours [and] after performances...seemed unable to understand that we were real people, really alive and breathing, and that we were certified residents of the United States of America.") Geiogamah's first play for the company was Body Indian in 1972 followed by Coon Cons Coyote and Foghorn. The group produced his final play 49 in 1982.
In 1980, Geiogamah became the author of New Native American Drama: Three Plays, published by the University of Oklahoma Press.
Geiogamah later formed the widely acclaimed American Indian Dance Theatre, which gave its first public performance in 1987 with Geiogamah as its director and Barbara Schwei as its producer. The 24-member dance troupe represented about 18 Indian nations and toured both nationally and internationally. The dancers wore a variety of traditional costumes, and the music was performed on traditional instruments made by the performers. The group made their New York City debut in 1989 in Manhattan's Joyce Theater.
In 1990, the group was featured in PBS' Great Performances in the segment "The American Indian Dance Theater: Finding the Circle". The New York Times praised the group saying that the "hallmark of this company is its authenticity" with "serious artists conveying basic facts of their lives and cultures." In 1993, the Dance Theater was produced as a segment for Dances for the New Generations for the PBS television series Great Performances/Dance in America. Barbara Schwei and Hanay Geiogamah were producers and Phil Lucas and Geiogamah were directors.
Los Angeles and film
Geiogamah served as producer and co-producer for the TBS multimedia project, The Native Americans: Behind the Legends, Beyond the Myths aired on TNT from 1993 to 1996. The program was a series of fact-based historical dramas and publications. Geiogamah was co-producer on "The Broken Chain", which told the story of the Iroquois Confederacy during colonial times and also for "Geronimo" (executive produced by Norman Jewison). In 1994, he was co-producer for "Lakota Woman: Return to Wounded Knee", and a year later he was again co-producer for "Tecumseh", the story of the Shawnee leader who fought against the United States during Tecumseh's War and the War of 1812. Geiogamah returned in 1996 as producer for TNT's "Crazy Horse", the Native American war leader of the Oglala Lakota.
In 2010, Geiogamah joined co-host Robert Osborne of Turner Classic Movies for “Race in Hollywood: Native American Images on Film”, a series that looked at both positive and negative images of the Hollywood Indian.
From 2002 to 2009, Geiogamah served as the director of the UCLA American Indian Studies Center and was a founder and co-director of "Project HOOP" (Honoring Our Origins and Peoples), a national, multi-disciplinary initiative to establish Native theater in tribal colleges, Native communities, K-12 schools, and mainstream institutions.
- Angela Aleiss, "Hollywood is a Tough Business: A Profile of Producer Hanay Geiogamah," Indian Cinema Entertainment, Vol. 2, No. 3 (Summer 1994), pp. 2-3.
- Jennifer McClinton-Temple and Alan R. Velie, Encyclopedia of American Indian Literature, Facts on File: 2009, p. 133.
- La MaMa's Digital Collections, "Program: Native American Theatre Ensemble's 'Coyote Tracks' and 'Foghorn' (1973)." Retrieved June 27, 2017.
- McCandlish Phillips, "Indian Theater Group: Strong Beginning", The New York Times, November 9, 1972, p. 56.
- Jennifer Dunning, "American Indian Dancers Rekindle Their Heritage", The New York Times, September 17, 1989, p. H7.
- John J. O'Connor, "American Indian Dancers and Sammy Davis Tribute", The New York Times, February 2, 1990, p. C30.
- Angela Aleiss, "Making War Bonnets Old Hat: Native American Filmmakers are Forging into Hollywood with Projects Involving Real Human Concerns," Los Angeles Times, August 15, 1999.
- Patrick Kampert, "'Chain' Gives Native Americans Historical Due", Chicago Tribune, December 12, 1993.
- Turner Classic Movies, "Filmography for Hanay Geiogamah".
- Hanay Geiogamah on IMDb
- Turner Classic Movies, "Native American Images on Film Introduction".
- Library of Congress National Film Preservation Board, Current Members of the Board at http://www.loc.gov/film/filmmemb.html
- Project HOOP, UCLA American Indian Studies Center
- Hanay Geiogamah, "Ceremony, Spirituality, and Ritual in Native American Performance: A Creative Notebook" (2011 paperback)
- Hanay Geiogamah, "American Indian Performing Arts: Critical Directions" (2009)
- Hanay Geiogamah, "New Native American Drama: Three Plays" (1980), "Body Indian," "Foghorn," and "49"
- UCLA American Indian Studies Center Publications, Category: Native American Theater Books by Hanay Geiogamah
- Hanay Geiogamah's artist page on La MaMa's Digital Collections website