Hancock County, Iowa

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Hancock County
Visitor kiosk at the 148 wind turbine farm
Visitor kiosk at the 148 wind turbine farm
Map of Iowa highlighting Hancock County
Location within the U.S. state of Iowa
Map of the United States highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 43°05′00″N 93°44′11″W / 43.083333333333°N 93.736388888889°W / 43.083333333333; -93.736388888889
Country United States
State Iowa
Founded1851
Named forJohn Hancock
SeatGarner
Largest cityGarner
Area
 • Total573 sq mi (1,480 km2)
 • Land571 sq mi (1,480 km2)
 • Water2.0 sq mi (5 km2)  0.4%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total10,795
 • Density19/sq mi (7.3/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district4th
Websitehancockcountyia.gov

Hancock County is a county in the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2020 census, the population was 10,795.[1] The county seat is Garner.[2] The county was founded on January 15, 1851, and named in honor of John Hancock, a leader of the Continental Congress during the American Revolution.[3]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 573 square miles (1,480 km2), of which 571 square miles (1,480 km2) is land and 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2) (0.4%) is water.[4]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

History[edit]

Hancock county was established as a result of an election on June 28, 1858.[5] At the time two townships, Avery and Madison, were also established. Soon after a courthouse was built in Garner, Iowa that continues to be the county seat.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860179
1870999458.1%
18803,453245.6%
18907,621120.7%
190013,75280.4%
191012,731−7.4%
192014,72315.6%
193014,8020.5%
194015,4024.1%
195015,077−2.1%
196014,604−3.1%
197013,506−7.5%
198013,8332.4%
199012,638−8.6%
200012,100−4.3%
201011,341−6.3%
202010,795−4.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2018[10]
Population of Hancock County from US census data

2020 census[edit]

The 2020 census recorded a population of 10,795 in the county, with a population density of 18.8912/sq mi (7.2939/km2). 95.32% of the population reported being of one race. 86.57% were non-Hispanic White, 0.70% were Black, 5.69% were Hispanic, 0.36% were Native American, 0.23% were Asian, 0.05% were Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander and 6.40% were some other race or more than one race. There were 5,113 housing units, of which 4,585 were occupied.[1]

2010 census[edit]

The 2010 census recorded a population of 11,341 in the county, with a population density of 19.8578/sq mi (7.6671/km2). There were 5,330 housing units, of which 4,741 were occupied.[11]

2000 census[edit]

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Hancock County

At the 2000 census there were 12,100 people, 4,795 households, and 3,375 families in the county. The population density was 21 people per square mile (8/km2). There were 5,164 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile (3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 97.70% White, 0.09% Black or African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 1.38% from other races, and 0.40% from two or more races. 2.49%.[12] were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Of the 4,795 households 32.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.90% were married couples living together, 6.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.60% were non-families. 26.50% of households were one person and 13.70% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.01.

The age distribution was 26.50% under the age of 18, 6.60% from 18 to 24, 25.50% from 25 to 44, 23.50% from 45 to 64, and 17.90% 65 or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 96.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.00 males.

The median household income was $37,703 and the median family income was $44,248. Males had a median income of $29,452 versus $20,376 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,957. About 5.20% of families and 6.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.90% of those under age 18 and 6.90% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Hancock County courthouse

As of December 2008, the unemployment rate in Hancock County was 9.1%, a sharp rise from 4.0% in December 2007.[13] In 2016 the unemployment rate dropped back to 2.2%.[14]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other unincorporated community[edit]

Townships[edit]

Hancock County is divided into sixteen townships:

Population ranking[edit]

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2020 census of Hancock County.[1] county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2020 Census)
1 Forest City (partially in Winnebago County) City 4,285
2 Garner City 3,065
3 Britt City 2,044
4 Kanawha City 658
5 Klemme City 441
6 Corwith City 266
7 Crystal Lake City 253
8 Woden City 188
9 Goodell City 140
10 Duncan CDP 57
11 Miller CDP 50
12 Hayfield CDP 41
13 Hutchins CDP 22

Politics[edit]

United States presidential election results for Hancock County, Iowa[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 4,390 71.13% 1,683 27.27% 99 1.60%
2016 3,977 67.74% 1,587 27.03% 307 5.23%
2012 3,317 55.98% 2,521 42.55% 87 1.47%
2008 3,016 50.86% 2,805 47.30% 109 1.84%
2004 3,368 57.04% 2,484 42.07% 53 0.90%
2000 2,988 54.95% 2,281 41.95% 169 3.11%
1996 2,353 44.32% 2,399 45.19% 557 10.49%
1992 2,428 41.82% 2,175 37.46% 1,203 20.72%
1988 2,731 48.83% 2,831 50.62% 31 0.55%
1984 3,362 56.62% 2,539 42.76% 37 0.62%
1980 3,681 60.42% 1,918 31.48% 493 8.09%
1976 3,127 50.54% 2,975 48.08% 85 1.37%
1972 3,706 60.47% 2,349 38.33% 74 1.21%
1968 3,544 59.57% 2,131 35.82% 274 4.61%
1964 2,269 37.00% 3,857 62.89% 7 0.11%
1960 4,179 60.24% 2,757 39.74% 1 0.01%
1956 4,305 60.51% 2,803 39.40% 6 0.08%
1952 5,115 71.26% 2,053 28.60% 10 0.14%
1948 2,802 46.31% 3,096 51.17% 153 2.53%
1944 3,114 51.87% 2,855 47.56% 34 0.57%
1940 3,632 50.63% 3,514 48.99% 27 0.38%
1936 2,585 39.00% 3,930 59.28% 114 1.72%
1932 2,355 37.66% 3,822 61.11% 77 1.23%
1928 3,114 61.12% 1,933 37.94% 48 0.94%
1924 3,183 59.62% 550 10.30% 1,606 30.08%
1920 3,617 80.84% 725 16.20% 132 2.95%
1916 1,726 64.43% 913 34.08% 40 1.49%
1912 860 34.30% 710 28.32% 937 37.38%
1908 1,750 67.15% 804 30.85% 52 2.00%
1904 2,112 78.40% 517 19.19% 65 2.41%
1900 2,186 71.32% 827 26.98% 52 1.70%
1896 1,975 65.64% 1,007 33.47% 27 0.90%


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "2020 Census State Redistricting Data". census.gov. United states Census Bureau. Retrieved August 12, 2021.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 148.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  5. ^ Story of Hancock County Court House, Hancock County Iowa. A project published by the Garner Lions Club, 1944. Authors included H. L. Ollenburg, E. Elling, J. Sprole, F. Zeiger, and C. Whitney.
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 17, 2014.
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 17, 2014.
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 17, 2014.
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 17, 2014.
  10. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved July 17, 2014.
  11. ^ "Population & Housing Occupancy Status 2010". United States Census Bureau American FactFinder. Retrieved May 12, 2011.[dead link]
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  13. ^ Geography of a Recession, The New York Times, March 3, 2009. Accessed March 5, 2009.
  14. ^ "Iowa Workforce Development Statistics on unemployment in Iowa".
  15. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 26, 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°05′00″N 93°44′11″W / 43.08333°N 93.73639°W / 43.08333; -93.73639