Handforth

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Coordinates: 53°21′00″N 2°12′58″W / 53.350°N 2.216°W / 53.350; -2.216

Handforth
The Peter Herd 'Deli' in the Handforth Precinct - geograph.org.uk - 1534933.jpg
Handforth Precinct
Handforth is located in Cheshire
Handforth
Handforth
 Handforth shown within Cheshire
Population 9,139 (2011)
OS grid reference SJ8583
Civil parish Handforth
Unitary authority Cheshire East
Ceremonial county Cheshire
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Wilmslow
Postcode district SK9
Dialling code 01625
Police Cheshire
Fire Cheshire
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Tatton
List of places
UK
England
Cheshire

Handforth is a suburban area between Wilmslow, Heald Green and Styal in Cheshire, England.[1] In the 1960s and 1970s, two overspill housing estates, Spath Lane and Colshaw Farm, were built in the area to re-house people from inner city Manchester.

Toponym[edit]

The name Handforth is believed to be ascribed to 'Hanna's Ford' and dates back to Saxon times when such a crossing was on the nearby River Dean.[2]

History[edit]

Handforth, originally Handforth-cum-Bosden, was for many years in the parish of Cheadle with which it has historic links. The first mention of Handforth was in a charter which is dated between 1233 and 1236. During the Crusades, Handforth acquired its own Coat of Arms, which displays the Honford Star. The Honford Star originated from Henry de Honford who, while fighting in the Crusades, painted a silver star on his black shield after seeing a star fall from the sky during a night attack on the Saracens.[2]

The oldest building in Handforth is Handforth Hall, a black and white timber building built during the Tudor period by Sir Urian Brereton in 1562. It was originally named Honford Hall after the local feudal family the de Honford's. Sir Urian was escheator of Cheshire, one of the privy grooms to Henry VIII and knighted in 1544 at Leith during an attack on Edinburgh. Sir Urian Brereton died at Handforth Hall on 19 March 1577 and is thought to be buried in a chapel at St Mary's Church, Cheadle. In the south chapel are three recumbent effigies. Two are in alabaster and are thought to represent members of the Hondford (or Handford) family, Sir John, who died in 1461 and his son, also named John. The third is in sandstone and represents Sir Thomas Brereton who died in 1673.[3] The most famous resident of Handforth is Sir Urian's great grandson, the Parliamentary General, Sir William Brereton, 1st Baronet, who fought in the English Civil War.[4]

In 1887, John Bartholomew's Gazetteer of the British Isles described Handforth like this: "Handforth, township and hamlet with ry. sta., Cheadle par., E. Cheshire, 5 miles SW. of Stockport, 1311 ac., pop. 736; P.O., T.O." [5]

During the Second World War Handforth, along with Cheadle Hulme, was home to large parts of RAF Handforth. This was a maintenance unit, classed as a 'Universal stores' depot and had the official Royal Air Force name, "RAF Handforth No 61 M.U. (Maintenance unit)". The depot opened in 1939 and closed in 1958–59 and covered large areas of land in both Handforth and neighbouring Cheadle Hulme.

The depot stored and dispatched every conceivable item that the RAF would use in wartime. Everything from knives and forks to aircraft engines were stored and dispatched from RAF Handforth. The site was served by a large, internal railway system which left the Manchester to Crewe mainline prior to Handforth railway station. The site of the exchange sidings and junction is at the rear of the 'Pets at home' offices on Epsom Avenue. The depot had its own shunting locomotives, which were stored in an engine shed that stood at the Wilmslow bound exit slip road for the Handforth Dean shopping centre.

The only surviving buildings of RAF Handforth are the government pay offices adjacent to the 'Total Fitness' gym on Dairyhouse Lane. These buildings were the Headquarters of the depot and have survived in military/MoD use to this day.

Administrative history[edit]

Handforth-cum-Bosden was part of the Stockport Registration District between 1837 to 1877, until it was divided onto the separate parishes of Handforth and Bosden. Handforth continued to be part of the Stockport Registration District from 1877 to 1936 when it was then incorporated into the parishes of Wilmslow and Cheadle and Gatley. The parish of Bosden was abolished in 1900 and incorporated into the parish of Hazel Grove and Bramhall.[6]

Due to being part of Wilmslow, Handforth along with other towns such as Whitworth, Poynton and Alderley Edge successfully objected from being part of the metropolitan county of Greater Manchester when it was formed in 1974 as a result of plans laid out in the Local Government Act 1972,[7] although the area does form part of the Greater Manchester Urban Area.[8] From 1974 until the 2009 structural changes to local government in England, Handforth was administered by the Macclesfield Borough Council and Cheshire County Council. On 1 April 2009 it became part of the Cheshire East unitary authority.[9]

Geography[edit]

53°21′00″N 2°12′58″W / 53.35000°N 2.21611°W / 53.35000; -2.21611

Handforth borders Heald Green to the north and Wilmslow to the south, between the Cheshire Plain and the Pennines.[10] The area lies near the River Dean, a tributary of the River Bollin that flows north–west and eventually joins the River Mersey near Lymm. The local geology is mostly glacial clay, as well as glacial sands and gravel.[11][12]

The majority of buildings in the area are houses from the 20th century, but there are a few buildings that are pre-20th century that date back to the 19th century and as far as the 16th century, such as Handforth Hall.

Climate[edit]

Handforth experiences a temperate maritime climate, like much of the British Isles, with relatively cool summers and mild winters

Climate data for Handforth
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15
(59)
17
(63)
19
(66)
25
(77)
27
(81)
29
(84)
32
(90)
34
(93)
27
(81)
23
(73)
18
(64)
15
(59)
34
(93)
Average high °C (°F) 8
(46)
8
(46)
10
(50)
13
(55)
16
(61)
19
(66)
21
(70)
21
(70)
18
(64)
14
(57)
10
(50)
7
(45)
14
(57)
Average low °C (°F) −2
(28)
2
(36)
3
(37)
5
(41)
8
(46)
10
(50)
12
(54)
12
(54)
10
(50)
7
(45)
4
(39)
2
(36)
6
(43)
Record low °C (°F) −8
(18)
−8
(18)
−8
(18)
−4
(25)
−2
(28)
1
(34)
5
(41)
2
(36)
−1
(30)
−4
(25)
−8
(18)
−12
(10)
−12
(10)
Precipitation mm (inches) 69
(2.72)
70
(2.76)
50
(1.97)
63
(2.48)
51
(2.01)
58
(2.28)
54
(2.13)
69
(2.72)
63
(2.48)
88
(3.46)
82
(3.23)
78
(3.07)
795
(31.3)
Source: My Weather 2[13]

Governance[edit]

Handforth is situated in Cheshire East, a unitary authority area with borough status in the ceremonial county of Cheshire.[9] Handforth falls within the UK parliament constituency of Tatton, a strongly Conservative constituency represented by George Osborne, the current Chancellor of the Exchequer.[14] It is the third most affluent constituency in the UK outside of Kensington and Chelsea and Cities of London and Westminster.[15] The area is also represented in the European Parliament, the directly elected parliamentary institution of the European Union, by being part of North West England (European Parliament constituency).[16]

Demography[edit]

Population[edit]

The historic population of Handforth was 650 in 1851, and 911 in 1901.[17] According to the United Kingdom Census 2011, the Handforth Ward has a population of 9,139 people.[18] This is an increase from the United Kingdom Census 2001 data, when the Handforth Ward had a population of 8,014 people. The gender composition of Handforth is made up of 4,640 females (50.8%) and 4,499 males (49.2%).[19][20][21]

Handforth Compared
2011 UK Census Handforth Cheshire East England
Total population 9,138 370,127 53,012,456
White 91.6% 96.7% 85.5%
Asian 4.7% 1.6% 7.7%
Black 0.8% 0.4% 3.4%

Ethnicity[edit]

According to the 2011 Census, ethnic white groups (British, Irish, other) account for 8,375 (91.6%) of the population, against 96.8% in the previous 2001 census, with 8.4% (764 people) being in ethnic groups other than white.

Of the 8.4% (764 people) in non-white ethnic groups:

  • 165 (21.6%) belonged to mixed ethnic groups
  • 431 (56.4%) were Asian or Asian British
  • 77 (10.1%) were Black or Black British
  • 91 (11.9%) Other Ethnic Groups[20][22]

Religion[edit]

A breakdown of religious groups and denominations (2011 vs 2001):

  • Christian - 63.5% (5,805 people) against 79.2% (6345 people)
  • Buddhist - 0.3% (28 people) against 0.2% (12 people)
  • Hindu - 0.9% (78 people) against 0.4% (31 people)
  • Jewish - 0.4% (36 people) against 0.3% (27 people)
  • Muslim - 2.7% (250 people) against 1% (82 people)
  • Sikh -0.5% (43 people) against 0.1% (8 people)
  • Other religions - 0.4% (34 people) against 0.1% (10 people)
  • No religion - 24.5% (2,244 people) against 12.8% (1,026 people)
  • Religion not stated - 6.8% (621 people) against 5.9% (473 people)[23][24]

Places of Worship[edit]

There are three churches in Handforth:

Methodist: St. Mary's Methodist Church was built in 1872, however Methodism was present in the Handforth and Wilmslow area long before this. It is recorded that John Wesley preached at nearby Finney Green on 1 September 1748.[25]

Roman Catholic: St. Benedict's Roman Catholic Church, part of the Diocese of Shrewsbury.[26]

Anglican: St. Chad's Church of England, which is part of the Diocese of Chester, is the Anglican Church based in Handforth. During the 19th century a 'Chapel of ease' was built in Handforth, which was part of the Parish of Cheadle. It was consecrated in 1837 as a chapel to St Mary's Church, Cheadle, becoming the parish church for Handforth and part of Cheadle in 1877. Due to growth of the Handforth population in the late 19th century, the Church went through extensive redevelopment and expansion and the 'new' St Chad's Church was consecrated by Francis Jayne, Bishop of Chester on St Chad's Day, the 2nd March 1899.[17][27][28][29][30]

Transport[edit]

Handforth railway station is on a double-track electrified line that runs from Manchester Piccadilly to Crewe via Levenshulme, Cheadle Hulme, Stockport and Wilmslow.[31] The A34 bypass from Salford to Winchester is situated to the east.[32] The main thoroughfare is Wilmslow Road (B5358).[33] Manchester Airport lies just 3.5miles (6 km) to the north west, but Handforth lies away from the approach and departure routes and therefore suffers only slightly from aircraft noise.[34]

Economy[edit]

Handforth Dean is a retail park that houses Tesco, Marks & Spencer and BHS, and is situated by the A34 bypass.[35] Pets at Home has its headquarters based in Handforth.[36]

Public Services[edit]

Health[edit]

Handforth Health Centre, purpose built in 1975, was purchased from the Health Authority by the GPs in 1992 and completely refurbished.[37]

Schools[edit]

Handforth is served by three primary schools: Wilmslow Grange, Dean Oaks Primary and St Benedict's RC Primary.

Police[edit]

Handforth is served by Cheshire Constabulary, with the closest branch being based in Wilmslow.[38]

Fire[edit]

Cheshire Fire and Rescue Service is the fire service that caters for Handforth, with the nearest fire station being located in Wilmslow.[39]

Facilities[edit]

Parks[edit]

Meriton Road Park, opened in 1935, covers an area of 3.4 hectares (9 acres)[40] and is situated to the rear of the Paddock Shopping Centre. Until the mid-1980s the park was the site for the Handforth Gala. Current attractions in the park include a multi-sport court, tennis courts and a miniature railway which is operated by Handforth Model Engineering Society.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://zip-code.en.mapawi.com/england/2/cheshire/2/24/chs/handforth/sk9/3090/
  2. ^ a b http://www.grahamrollason.co.uk/Handforth.htm
  3. ^ Richards, Raymond (1947), Old Cheshire Churches, London: Batsford, pp. 91–93 
  4. ^ http://www.cheshiremagazine.com/Archives/brereton.html
  5. ^ http://www.visionofbritain.org.uk/place/place_page.jsp?p_id=521
  6. ^ http://www.ukbmd.org.uk/genuki/reg/districts/stockport.html
  7. ^ http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1972/70
  8. ^ http://www.statistics.gov.uk/census2001/greater_manchester_urban_area.asp
  9. ^ a b http://www.cheshireeast.gov.uk/about_cheshire_east.aspx
  10. ^ Macchi, L. (1990). "A Field Guide to the Continental Permo-Triassic Rocks of Cumbria and Northwest Cheshire". Liverpool Geological Society, Liverpool: 88 pages.
  11. ^ Taylor, B.; Price R., and Trotter F. (1963). "The geology of the Country around Stockport and Knutsford". Memoir of the Geological Survey GB: pp 20–22.
  12. ^ British Geological Survey 1:50K map series sheets 96-98, 108-110, 122,123 and accompanying memoirs
  13. ^ http://www.myweather2.com/City-Town/United-Kingdom/Cheshire/Handforth/climate-profile.aspx?month=12
  14. ^ http://www.georgeosborne4tatton.com/.
  15. ^ http://www.georgeosborne4tatton.com/
  16. ^ "European Election 2009, North West Results". BBC News. 19 April 2009. 
  17. ^ a b http://www.ukbmd.org.uk/genuki/chs/handforth.html
  18. ^ name=http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=7&b=6502472&c=SK9+3AY&d=14&e=61&g=6408368&i=1001x1003x1032x1004&m=0&r=0&s=1381790645773&enc=1&dsFamilyId=2491
  19. ^ http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=7&b=6502472&c=SK9+3AY&d=14&e=61&g=6408368&i=1001x1003x1032x1004&m=0&r=0&s=1381790645773&enc=1&dsFamilyId=2493
  20. ^ a b http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadDatasetList.do?a=7&b=6158903&c=handforth&d=14&g=428843&i=1001x1003&m=0&r=1&s=1308666291079&enc=1&domainId=16
  21. ^ http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=7&b=6275055&c=cheshire+east&d=13&e=61&g=6407358&i=1001x1003x1032x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1381845018362&enc=1&dsFamilyId=2575
  22. ^ http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=7&b=6502472&c=SK9+3AY&d=14&e=61&g=6408368&i=1001x1003x1032x1004&m=0&r=0&s=1381790645773&enc=1&dsFamilyId=2575
  23. ^ http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadTableView.do?a=7&b=6158903&c=handforth&d=14&e=16&g=428843&i=1001x1003x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1308690806471&enc=1&dsFamilyId=95
  24. ^ http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadKeyFigures.do?a=7&b=6158903&c=handforth&d=14&e=16&g=428843&i=1001x1003x1004&m=0&r=1&s=1308690806330&enc=1
  25. ^ http://www.bramhallmethodists.org.uk/circuit/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=52&Itemid=70
  26. ^ http://www.stbenedictshandforth.co.uk
  27. ^ http://www.stchadshandforth.org.uk/
  28. ^ http://www.whatsin-wilmslow.co.uk/worship.asp
  29. ^ http://www.anglicansonline.org/uk-europe/england/dioceses/chester.html
  30. ^ http://www.dioceseofshrewsbury.org/
  31. ^ http://menmedia.co.uk/wilmslowexpress/news/s/1025294_handforth_station_just_the_ticket_for_on_line_makeover_
  32. ^ AA Road Book of England and Wales, 4th edition (1953)
  33. ^ http://www.sabre-roads.org.uk/wiki/index.php?title=B5358
  34. ^ http://www.premierinn.com/en/hotel/MANBUL/manchester-handforth
  35. ^ http://www.wilmslow.org.uk/wilmslow/hdean.html
  36. ^ http://menmedia.co.uk/manchestereveningnews/news/business/s/1426121_pets-at-home-expansion-plans---700-new-jobs-and-5m-depot
  37. ^ http://www.handforthhealthcentre.nhs.uk/
  38. ^ http://www.cheshire.police.uk/about-us/departments-and-structure/eastern-bcu.aspx
  39. ^ http://www.cheshirefire.gov.uk/detail.aspx?mid=1696
  40. ^ http://www.cheshireeast.gov.uk/leisure,_culture_and_tourism/parks_and_open_spaces/parks_and_gardens/macclesfield_area_parks/meriton_road_park,_handforth.aspx