Handley Moule

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Handley Moule
Bishop of Durham
Handley Carr Glyn Moule (1841-1920).jpg
Moule, 7 August 1902
DioceseDurham
In office1901–1920
PredecessorBrooke Foss Westcott
SuccessorHensley Henson
Other postsDean of Trinity College chapel (1873–1877)
Principal of Ridley Hall, Cambridge (1880–1899)
Norrisian Professor of Divinity (1899–1901)
Orders
Ordination1867 (deacon); 1868 (priest)
Consecration18 October 1901, York Minster
Personal details
Born(1841-12-23)23 December 1841
Fordington, Dorset, United Kingdom
Died8 May 1920(1920-05-08) (aged 78)
Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, United Kingdom
BuriedBow cemetery, Durham
NationalityBritish
DenominationAnglican
ParentsHenry Moule & Mary née Evans
SpouseMary née Elliott (m. 1881; she died 1915)
ChildrenTesie; Isabel
Alma materTrinity College, Cambridge
Moule in 1914.

Handley Carr Glyn Moule /ˈml/ (23 December 1841 – 8 May 1920) was an evangelical Anglican theologian, writer, poet, and Bishop of Durham from 1901 to 1920.

Biography[edit]

Moule was schooled at home before entering Trinity College, Cambridge in 1860, where he graduated BA in 1864.[1] He was elected a Fellow of Trinity in 1865, and became an assistant master at Marlborough College before he was ordained deacon in 1867 and priest in 1868. From 1867 he was his father's curate at Fordington, Dorset, with a stint of five years as Dean of Trinity College chapel, 1873–1877.[2] In 1880 he became the first principal of Ridley Hall, Cambridge, and then in 1899 became Norrisian Professor of Divinity at the University of Cambridge, until his appointment as Bishop of Durham in September 1901. He was consecrated as a bishop in York Minster on 18 October 1901.[3]

Moule was active in the Higher Life movement and was one of the speakers at the inaugural Keswick Convention. He is buried in St Cuthbert's Cemetery, Durham.

Moule was an Honorary Chaplain to Queen Victoria from December 1898[4] until her death in January 1901, then an Honorary Chaplain to Edward VII for a couple of months until he was appointed bishop. In November 1901 he was elected an Honorary Fellow of St Catherine's College, Oxford, where he had been a Professorial Fellow previously,[5] and in December 1901 he received the degree Doctor of Divinity (DD) by diploma from the University of Durham.[6]

Bishops were lords and were addressed as ‘My Lord Bishop’, and lived like lords. Moule occupied Auckland Castle. The 1911 Census of England and Wales shows that he had in his household, 13 servants including a butler, two footmen and a lady’s maid. Moule had a considerable reputation as a preacher and persuasive speaker [7] so his emphatic support for Britain’s declaration of war against Germany in August, 1914, must have been influential. Under the heading ‘THE GREAT WAR’, [8] Moule did not mince his words. He wrote that he was old enough to remember the Crimean War and other wars, but on this occasion, it was more possible, ‘....without one reserve, for the Christian Englishmen to pray for ultimate victory, supreme and overwhelming, as for a thing certainly well-pleasing to God. Our state has entered on the struggle with a conscience clear as the day’. [9] He also underlined ‘the sacred duty of national self-preservation. I have long thought that the Germanic power has aimed at the political ruin of Britain.’’ He asked his clergy to encourage recruitment to the Army since half a million volunteers were needed.[10] He was proud of the report that 218,000 miners had enlisted, [11] half from Durham, that nearly 2,000 men from the diocesan branch of the Church of England’s Men’s Society were on active service [12] and that Bede College former students included 4 dead on the Somme, 5 wounded, one MC, one DCM and one MM.[13] He supported the extension of the franchise to women, ‘ a grant in which I for one believe that great possibilities of good lie in waiting’. [14] Of his contemporary bishops, he stands with the Bishops of London, Liverpool and Carlisle and the Archbishop of York in this pro-active support for the War.[15]

Family[edit]

Handley Moule was the eighth and final son of Henry Moule (1801–1880), an inventor and the vicar of Fordington for over 50 years. Handley was named after his godfathers Augustus Handley, a minister at Fordington, and Carr John Glyn (father of General John P. C. Glyn). His brothers George Evans Moule and Arthur Evans Moule were missionaries in China, and another brother, Charles Walter Moule, was president of Corpus Christi. Two more brothers, Horatio Mosley Moule and artist Henry Joseph Moule are chiefly remembered as friends of novelist Thomas Hardy, who was well known to the Moule family. Moule's grand-nephew C. F. D. Moule was a notable theologian.

Handley Moule married Harriet Mary Elliott (1844–1914)[16] (called "Mary") on 16 August 1881; they had two children, Mary "Tesie" Moule (1882–1905) and Isabel Catherine Moule (1884–1959). In 1907 Moule published a memoir on Mary's short life entitled The School of Suffering.[17] Isabel married Robert Vere de Vere, a colonial judge.

Publications[edit]

Moule was a New Testament scholar who wrote over 60 books and pamphlets. He contributed the chapters on Paul's letters to the Romans, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians and Philemon in the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges (1891–98)[18] and also wrote poems on religious subjects; he won the Seatonian Prize at Cambridge for sacred poetry 1869–1873 and again in 1876. He published at least two volumes of poetry in his lifetime, in addition to the prizewinning pieces.[19] He wrote a number of hymns, of which "Lord and Savior, True and Kind" is probably the best known.[20][21]

This is an incomplete list of Handley Moule's published works:

  • Christian Self-Denial: A Poem Which Obtained the Seatonian Prize, MDCCCLXIX, Deighton, Bell, & Co., Cambridge, 1869
  • Poems on Subjects Selected From the Acts of the Apostles, with Other Miscellaneous Pieces, Deighton, Bell, & Co., Cambridge, 1869
  • The Beloved Disciple: A Poem Which Obtained the Seatonian Prize, MDCCCLXX, Deighton, Bell, & Co., Cambridge, 1870
  • Tyre: A Poem Which Obtained the Seatonian Prize, MDCCCLXXI, Deighton, Bell, & Co., Cambridge, 1871
  • The Gospel in Polynesia: A Poem Which Obtained the Seatonian Prize, MDCCCLXXII, Deighton, Bell, & Co., Cambridge, 1872
  • The Brazen Serpent: A Poem Which Obtained the Seatonian Prize, MDCCCLXXIII, Deighton, Bell, & Co., Cambridge, 1873
  • The Victory Which Overcometh the World: A Poem Which Obtained the Seatonian Prize, MDCCCLXXVI, Deighton, Bell, & Co., Cambridge, 1876
  • Dorchester Poems, W. Poole, London, 1878
  • Christianus, A Story of Antioch: And Other Poems, Cambridge: Deighton, Bell, and Co., 1883
  • Thoughts on Union with Christ, Seeley & Co., London, 1885
  • Thoughts on Christian Sanctity, Seeley & Co., London, 1886
  • Thoughts on the Spiritual Life, Seeley & Co., London, 1887
  • The Epistle to the Ephesians, with Introduction and Notes, University Press, Cambridge, 1888
  • Outlines of Christian Doctrine, Thomas Whittaker, New York, probably 1889
  • Philippian Studies, Hodder & Stoughton, 1890 (The Expositor's Library)
  • Life in Christ and for Christ, A. C. Armstrong & Son, New York, 1890
  • Veni Creator: Thoughts on the Person and Work of the Holy Spirit of Promise, Hodder and Stoughton, London, 1890
  • To My Younger Brethren: Chapters on Pastoral Life and Work, Hodder and Stoughton, London, 1892
  • Charles Simeon, Methuen & Co., London, 1892
  • Christ is All: Sermons from New Testament Texts on Various Aspects of the Glory and Work of Christ; With Some Other Sermons, E. P. Dutton & Co., New York, 1892
  • Jesus and the Resurrection. Expository Studies on St. John xx, xxi, London, 1893
  • The Epistle of St. Paul to the Romans, Hodder and Stoughton, London, 1894
  • Secret Prayer, Thomas Whittaker, New York, 1895
  • Colossian Studies: Lessons in Faith and Holiness from St. Paul's Epistles to the Colossians and Philemon, A. C. Armstrong and Son, New York, 1898
  • Ephesian Studies: Expository Readings on the Epistle of Saint Paul to the Ephesians, A. C. Armstrong and Son, New York, 1900
  • Phillipian Studies: Lessons in Faith and Love from St. Paul's Epistle to the Philippians, A. C. Armstrong, New York, 1900
  • The Old Gospel for the New Age, And Other Sermons, Fleming H. Revell Company, Chicago, New York, & Toronto, 1901
  • The Epistle of Saint Paul to the Romans, A. C. Armstrong, New York, 1902
  • From Sunday to Sunday: Short Bible Readings for the Sundays of the Year, A. C. Armstrong and Son, New York, 1904
  • Short Devotional Studies on the Dying Letter of St. Paul, Religious Tract Society, London, 1905
  • The School of Suffering: A Brief Memorial of Mary E. E. Moule, By Her Father Handley, Bishop of Durham, Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, London, 1907
  • Messages from the Epistle to the Hebrews, Elliot Stock, London, 1909
  • Memories of a Vicarage, Religious Tract Society, London, 1913
  • Christus Consolator: Words for Hearts in Trouble, Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, London, 1917
  • Letters and poems of Bishop Moule: Selections from the Spiritual Letters and Poems of Handley Carr Glyn Moule, Bishop of Durham (1901–1920), Marshall Bros., 1921

Some of these have been reprinted in recent years; some are available as e-books for the Kindle and other readers.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Moule, Handley Carr Glyn (ML860HC)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  2. ^ "Ecclesiastical intelligence - new Bishops". The Times (36539). London. 21 August 1901. p. 8.
  3. ^ "Ecclesiastical intelligence - Consecration of Bishops". The Times (36590). London. 19 October 1901. p. 11.
  4. ^ "No. 27032". The London Gazette. 13 December 1898. p. 8045.
  5. ^ "University intelligence". The Times (36606). London. 7 November 1901. p. 6.
  6. ^ "University intelligence". The Times (36635). London. 11 December 1901. p. 6.
  7. ^ Church Times obituary, 14.5.1920
  8. ^ Moule was one of the first to use the expression ‘THE GREAT WAR’
  9. ^ Durham Diocesan Gazette, September, 1914
  10. ^ Durham Diocesan Gazette, September, 1914
  11. ^ Durham Diocesan Gazette, May, 1915
  12. ^ Durham Diocesan Gazette, February, 1918
  13. ^ Durham Diocesan Gazette, November, 1916
  14. ^ Durham Diocesan Gazette, November, 1918
  15. ^ See Wikipedia articles. They are all eloquent writers and speakers.
  16. ^ "Bright Messenger of God: Bishop Handley Moule", David B. Calhoun, from Knowing & Doing, Spring 2012
  17. ^ Barton family history page on Tesie Moule, with image of book
  18. ^ Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges, accessed 5 October 2016
  19. ^ Mid-Victorian Poetry, 1860–1879: An Annotated Bibliography, Catherine W. Reilly, Mansell Publishing, New York, 2000, p. 327
  20. ^ A short article on "Lord and Savior" Archived 29 March 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ Hymnary.org's list of hymn books which include "Lord and Savior"

Sources[edit]

Munden, A. F. (May 2006) [online edition; originally published September 2004]. "Moule, Handley Carr Glyn (1841–1920)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 15 March 2010.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Academic offices
Preceded by
Armitage Robinson
Norrisian Professor of Divinity
1893–1899
Succeeded by
Frederic Chase
Church of England titles
Preceded by
Brooke Foss Westcott
Bishop of Durham
1901–1920
Succeeded by
Hensley Henson