|Illustration of male|
The handsome fruiteater (Pipreola formosa) is a species of bird in the family Cotingidae. It is endemic to Venezuela. Two populations of the species live in the northern mountainous regions, separated by 400 km (250 mi). Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.
The male handsome fruiteater has a black head and throat, and green upper parts, with pale tips to the tertial feathers of the wings. It has a bright orange upper breast and a yellow belly. The female lacks black on head and throat but otherwise has similar green upper parts, including white-tipped tertials. The throat is green above a small patch of yellow. The rest of the underparts are either barred or scaled in green and yellow. The male is distinctive as no other fruiteaters within its range have a similar orange breast. The female can be distinguished from the golden-breasted fruiteater (P. aureopectus) as the female golden-breasted fruiteater does not have a yellow chest patch and has streaked underparts instead of barring seen in the handsome fruiteater.
Distribution and habitat
The handsome fruiteater is native to the mountains of northern Venezuela where its habitat is humid forests at lower and medium elevations, ranging between about 800 and 2,200 m (2,600 and 7,200 ft) above sea level. It occupies two separate disjunct areas.
The main diet of the handsome fruiteater is small fruits, either eaten while perched, or grabbed in a brief period of hovering flight. It is sometimes seen feeding for a short while in mixed-species flocks. Little is known of its reproductive habits, but it has been observed to be moulting in June and July and has presumably bred before this.
This bird is endemic to Venezuela and has a relatively small range, but it is reported as being fairly common. Its total population is unknown but the population trend seems to be stable so the International Union for Conservation of Nature has assessed the bird as being a "least-concern species".
- BirdLife International (2012). "Pipreola formosa". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 2015-08-20.
- Ridgely, Robert S.; Tudor, Guy (2009). Field Guide to the Songbirds of South America: The Passerines. University of Texas Press. pp. 505–506. ISBN 978-0-292-71748-0.
- Snow, D. "Handsome fruiteater (Pipreola formosa)". HBWA. Retrieved 2015-08-20.