Hangzhou Metro

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Hangzhou Metro
Hangzhou Metro logo.svg
杭州地铁1号线列车离开乔司站向乔司南驶去IMG 0154.JPG
Overview
OwnerCity of Hangzhou
LocaleHangzhou, Zhejiang, China
Transit typeRapid transit
Number of lines4
Number of stations90 (transfer stations only counted once)
Daily ridership931,233 (2017 avg.)[1]
1,727,000 (2018 Peak)[2]
Operation
Began operationNovember 24, 2012; 7 years ago (2012-11-24)
Operator(s)Hangzhou Metro Corporation (Line 2, Line 4)
MTR Corporation (Hangzhou) (Line 1, Line 5)
Technical
System length135.36 km (84.11 mi)[3]
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in)
System map

Hangzhou Metro Linemap.svg

Hangzhou Metro
Simplified Chinese杭州地铁
Traditional Chinese杭州地鐵

Hangzhou Metro (Chinese: 杭州地铁) is a rapid transit system that serves Hangzhou in Zhejiang province, China. The system opened on November 24, 2012.[4] It is the 17th city in China to operate a rapid transit system.

There are currently three lines in operation. Line 1 is an arc-shaped line, begins in Xiaoshan, stretches across downtown Hangzhou[5] after crossing the Qiantang River and ends in Xiasha, with a branch line branching off the main line at Coach Center station and ending in Linping. Line 2 links the Xiaoshan Industrial Park in the southeast with the city center and Xihu District in the northwest. Line 4 complements Line 1 in downtown Hangzhou, stretching in a north-south direction from Pengbu to Puyan.

In January 2009, it was announced that MTR Corporation would invest in a 22 billion-yuan ($3.2 billion) / 25-year / 49% share joint venture with the Hangzhou government to operate Line 1 of the metro.[6]

In December 2016, the National Development and Reform Commission approved the planning for 10 lines, including extensions to the three existing lines, scheduled to open in time for the 2022 Asian Games.[7] By then the Hangzhou Metro network is projected to be 446 km long.[8] As of 2018 there are over 300km of subway lines under construction in Hangzhou,[9] including a line (Hangshao line) to neighboring Shaoxing which is building its own metro system, Shaoxing Metro.[10]

The Hangzhou Metro has the only metro system map in China whose first seven lines follow the hue order of the rainbow colors.

History[edit]

Initial plans[edit]

The planning for a metro system in the city started in the 1990s and was about to start construction works in September 2003, but the State Council suspended construction works due to increasing costs. The state council approved the construction and operation of a rapid transit system by the Hangzhou Subway Group Co. Ltd in Hangzhou on June 5, 2005.[11] The preliminary design for the first line, Line 1, was approved on January 11, 2007 by the Development and Reform Commission after four days of study. It would be 47.97 km long, of which 41.36 km is underground, 6.14 km elevated, and 0.47 km at grade.[12]

Construction[edit]

Wulin Square station
Evolution of the network

Construction of the first phase of Hangzhou Metro Line 1 began on March 28, 2007, with subsequent phases beginning later in that year. The first phase included three underground stations in Qianjiang New City. Jiubao East Station is the biggest station along Line 1 and will be a hub for the future metro system and other forms of public transport.[5] The funding of Line 1 came from both the city government and the banks, with 10.2 billion yuan and 5 billion yuan respectively. The first phase construction was estimated to be 45 billion yuan.[11]

On January 2009, it was announced that MTR Corporation would invest in a 22 billion-yuan ($3.2 billion) / 25-year / 49% share joint venture with the Hangzhou government to operate Line 1 of the metro.[6]

The first section of Line 4 opened for trial operation on February 2, 2015.[13]

Accident[edit]

On November 15, 2008, a 75-metre (250 ft) section of the tunnel near Fengqing Avenue in Xiaoshan District collapsed while under construction,[14] killing 17 people.[15]

Network[edit]

To scale map of Hangzhou Metro lines in operation. (June 2019)
Line Terminals
(District)
Commencement Newest
Extension
Length
km
Stations Operator
 1  Xianghu
(Xiaoshan)
Xiasha Jiangbin (Jianggan)
Linping (Yuhang)
2012 2015 53.6 34 Hangzhou MTR Logo.svg
 2  Chaoyang
(Xiaoshan)
Liangzhu
(Yuhang)
2014 2017 43.3[16] 32 Hangzhou Metro logo.svg
 4  Pengbu
(Jianggan)
Puyan
(Binjiang)
2015 2018 20.8 18 Hangzhou Metro logo.svg
 5  Liangmu Road
(Yuhang)
Shanxian
(Gongshu)
2019 17.8 12 Hangzhou MTR Logo.svg
Total 135.36[17] 90[a]
  1. ^ Transfer stations only counted once.

Future expansions[edit]

Years Lines Section Terminals Length

(km)

Stations Notes & References
late 2019  5  Phase 1 Remaining Section Shanxian Guniangqiao 30.86 23 [18]
Phase 2 Lvting Road Liangmu Road 3.93 3 [19]
 16  Jiuzhou Street Lvting Road 35.12[20] 12 [20]
2020  1  Phase 3 Xiasha Jiangbin Xiaoshan International Airport 11.5 5
 6  Phase 1 Shuangpu Fengbei 27.0 19 [21][22]
Phase 2 Fengbei Jichang Road 8.3 5
Fuyang section Meiyuanxiangshan Guihua Road 23.15 11 [23][24]
 9  Phase 1 Sijiqing Changda Road 29.5 21 Line 1's branch (Coach Center to Linping) will be merged with Line 9 when it opens, so the 7 stations on it and their length are all counted.[25]
2021  3  Main Line West Wenyi Road Xingqiao Road 43.8 30 [26][27][28][29]
Branch Xiaoheshan Baijiayuan Road 8.4 5 The branch line will become Line 14 in the future.[26][28]
 4  Phase 2 Pengbu Zijingang Road 23.9 15 [26][30][31]
 7  Wushan Square Jiangdong'er Road 45.0 23 [26][32][33]
 8  Phase 1 South Wenhai Road Jiangdong 17.2 8 [26][34][33]
 10  Phase 1 Zhejiang University Xinxing Road 11.2 12 [26][35][25]
2022  Airport Express  Tiaoxi Jingjiang 58.5 15 [36]
TBA  11  TBC TBC TBC TBA TBA
 12  TBC TBC TBC TBA TBA
 13  TBC TBC TBC TBA TBA
 14  TBC TBC TBC TBA TBA
Hangzhou Metro Planning.svg

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2017年统计报告". 中国城市轨道交通协会. April 19, 2018. Retrieved April 28, 2018.
  2. ^ 交通运输部网站. "端午期间杭州市旅客出行需求提升明显 地铁运输再创新高". Sina. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
  3. ^ http://mdaily.hangzhou.com.cn/hzrb/2019/06/25/article_detail_1_20190625A105.html
  4. ^ "本网快讯:杭州地铁时代即将来临 1号线24日开通". Retrieved November 22, 2012.
  5. ^ a b Kat Jiang, "Hangzhou to build metro system, Shanghai Daily, 2007-03-01
  6. ^ a b "MTR to Operate, Invest in $3.2 Billion Subway in Eastern China". bloomberg.com. January 16, 2009. Retrieved April 30, 2015.
  7. ^ "杭州地铁三期10条线路获批 计划亚运会前建成". December 21, 2016.
  8. ^ "[浙江]杭州地铁2号线西北段开通 22分钟城西飞驰到城东(图)". news.sina.com.cn. Retrieved July 6, 2017.
  9. ^ "穩增長 內地掀新一波城市軌道建設熱 - 香港經濟日報 - 中國頻道 - 經濟". china.hket.com. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
  10. ^ "无缝对接!绍兴地铁1号线与杭州地铁5号线连上了!". www.sohu.com. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
  11. ^ a b Tang Fuchun, Hangzhou Subway Planning Approved, china.org.cn, 2005-06-16
  12. ^ "Design of Hangzhou Metro Line No.1 Brings Convenience to Passengers". January 11, 2007. Archived from the original on May 22, 2011.
  13. ^ "experimental operation on Metro Line 4 first section, February 2". hangzhou.gov.cn/ (in Chinese). February 2, 2015. Archived from the original on February 4, 2015. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
  14. ^ http://www.shanghaidaily.com/article/?id=380858&type=National
  15. ^ http://www.chinapost.com.tw/china/local-news/other/2008/11/26/184928/Deaths-from.htm
  16. ^ "今天17时,地铁2号线全程开通 从头坐到尾只需77分钟". December 27, 2017.
  17. ^ http://mdaily.hangzhou.com.cn/hzrb/2019/06/25/article_detail_1_20190625A105.html
  18. ^ "杭州地铁5号线开工 余杭未来科技城3个车站率先建 - 杭网原创 - 杭州网". ori.hangzhou.com.cn. Retrieved December 24, 2016.
  19. ^ "sourceFrom"%3A"bjh"%2C"nid"%3A"news_4060735471586321114"%7D "杭州地铁5年建设计划出炉每一段的通车时间都定了".
  20. ^ a b "杭州地铁16号线、5号线传来好消息". November 29, 2019.
  21. ^ "地铁6号线一期通过工程可行性评审 2019年通车-杭网宽频-杭州网". hztv.hangzhou.com.cn. Retrieved December 24, 2016.
  22. ^ "杭州地铁6号线 - 杭州地铁生活网". www.0571dt.cn. Retrieved December 24, 2016.
  23. ^ 曹姣娜. "滚动:杭州至富阳城际铁路工程正式开工 在美院象山站可与地铁6号线换乘-实时新闻-杭州日报". news-hzrb.hangzhou.com.cn. Retrieved December 24, 2016.
  24. ^ "杭州至富阳城际铁路工程环境影响评价第二次公示_公告栏目_新闻中心_中冶赛迪重庆环境咨询有限公司". www.cisdiec.com. Retrieved December 24, 2016.
  25. ^ a b [1]
  26. ^ a b c d e f [2]
  27. ^ [3], Line 3 (Hangzhou Metro).
  28. ^ a b [4]
  29. ^ [5](in Chinese)52㎞、34站横穿市区 难产多年杭州地铁3号线年底开工
  30. ^ [6], Line 4 (Hangzhou Metro).
  31. ^ [7]
  32. ^ [8], Line 7 (Hangzhou Metro).
  33. ^ a b [9]
  34. ^ [10], Line 8 (Hangzhou Metro).
  35. ^ [11], Line 10 (Hangzhou Metro).
  36. ^ 15个站点全部开工 2022年建成 杭州机场轨道快线列入省重点建设项目. November 15, 2019.

External links[edit]