Hanina ben Hakinai
The identities his early teachers are not known. From some versions of the Tosefta it appears that Tarfon was one of them, but that his regular teacher was Rabbi Akiva. It is related that he took leave of his wife and attended Akiva 12 or 13 years without communicating with his family, whom he recovered in a remarkable way. He was one of the few who, though not regularly ordained, were permitted to "argue cases before the sages".
According to him, God's relation to distressed Israel is expressed in Solomon's words: "A brother is born for adversity"; by "brother" is understood "Israel," for it is elsewhere said: "For my brethren and companions' sakes, I will now say, Peace be within thee".
With reference to Leviticus 5:21 ("If a soul sin, and commit a trespass against the Lord, and lie unto his neighbor," etc.), he remarks, "No man lies [acts dishonestly] against his fellow man unless he first becomes faithless to God".
Jewish Encyclopedia bibliography
- W. Bacher, Ag. Tan. i. 436;
- Brüll, Mebo ha-Mishnah, i. 148;
- Z. Frankel, Darke ha-Mishnah, p. 136;
- Heilprin, Seder ha-Dorot, ii.;
- Zacuto, Yuḥasin, ed. Filipowski, pp. 36a, 65b
- Tosefta, Berachot 4:18; see Ḥalafta
- Sifra, Emor, 7:11; Shab. 147b
- Ket. 62b; Lev. R. 21:8
- דנין לפני חכמים: Sanh. 17b; compare Yer. Ma'as. Sh. ii. 53d
- See Zunz, G. V. 2d ed., p. 150; see also Masseket Aẓilut
- Kil. 4:8; Mak. 3:9; Tosef., Ṭoharot 6:3; Ḳid. 55b
- Sifra, Meẓora', 5:16; Sifra, Emor, 7:11, compare Shab. 110b; Men. 62b, compare Sifra, Emor, 13:8
- Ḥag. 14b
- Prov. 17:17
- Ps. 122:8
- Yalḳ., Ex. 233; compare Mek., Beshallaḥ, 3
- Tosef., Shebuot 3:6