Hannibal Lecter (franchise)

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Hannibal Lecter
Hannibal Lecter novels.png
The Hannibal Lecter series of novels
Created byThomas Harris
Original workRed Dragon
Print publications
Films and television
Television series

The Hannibal Lecter franchise is an American media franchise based around the titular character, Hannibal Lecter, a brilliant, cannibalistic serial killer whose assistance is routinely sought out by law enforcement personnel to aid in the capture of other criminals. He originally appeared in a series of novels (starting with Red Dragon in 1981) by Thomas Harris. The series has since expanded into film and television.


Red Dragon (1981)[edit]

The Silence of the Lambs (1988)[edit]

Hannibal (1999)[edit]

Hannibal Rising (2006)[edit]


Film U.S. release date Director(s) Screenwriter(s) Producer(s)
Manhunter August 15, 1986 (1986-08-15) Michael Mann Richard A. Roth
The Silence of the Lambs February 14, 1991 (1991-02-14) Jonathan Demme Ted Tally Kenneth Utt, Edward Saxon and Ron Bozman
Hannibal February 9, 2001 (2001-02-09) Ridley Scott David Mamet & Steven Zaillian Dino De Laurentiis, Martha De Laurentiis and Ridley Scott
Red Dragon October 4, 2002 (2002-10-04) Brett Ratner Ted Tally Dino De Laurentiis and Martha De Laurentiis
Hannibal Rising February 9, 2007 (2007-02-09) Peter Webber Thomas Harris Dino De Laurentiis, Martha De Laurentiis and Tarak Ben Ammar

Manhunter (1986)[edit]

The first adaptation was the 1986 film Manhunter, which was an adaptation of Red Dragon, directed by Michael Mann.

The Silence of the Lambs (1991)[edit]

The next adaptation was 1991's The Silence of the Lambs, which was directed by Jonathan Demme and was the first film to feature Anthony Hopkins in the role of Hannibal Lecter. Silence was a success, both critically and financially, and went on to become the third film in Academy Awards history to win in all top five categories (Best Actor for Hopkins, Best Actress for Jodie Foster, Best Director for Demme, Best Adapted Screenplay for Ted Tally, and Best Picture).

Hannibal (2001)[edit]

Hopkins reprised the role in the next two films, 2001's Hannibal, a sequel directed by Ridley Scott.

Red Dragon (2002)[edit]

2002's Red Dragon, a prequel directed by Brett Ratner. In 2002, Hopkins revealed that he had written a screenplay for another sequel, ending with Clarice Starling killing Lecter, but it was not produced.[1]

Hannibal Rising (2007)[edit]

In 2007, Hannibal Rising was released. The film is a prequel, directed by Peter Webber and starring Gaspard Ulliel as Lecter.


In 2016, when asked if there were any sequels that he wished he could revisit, Hopkins said, "I made the mistake of doing two more [Hannibal Lecter movies] and I should have only done one".[2]

In 2017, Foster reprised her role as Starling in a skit titled "Clarice Probes Hannibal Lecter About Trump's Russia Ties" on The Late Show with Stephen Colbert, opposite Stephen Colbert as Hannibal Lecter. In the skit, Starling questions Lecter on his relationship with Donald Trump and what he can tell her about his relationship with Russia.[3]


Series Season Episodes First released Last released Showrunner(s) Network(s)
Hannibal 3 39 April 4, 2013 (2013-04-04) August 29, 2015 (2015-08-29) Bryan Fuller NBC
Clarice 1 13 February 11, 2021 (2021-02-11) June 24, 2021 (2021-06-24) Alex Kurtzman
Jenny Lumet

Hannibal (2013–2015)[edit]

In 2013, the TV series Hannibal premiered. Developed by Bryan Fuller, it is not a direct adaptation, but based on characters and elements from the novels. Some male characters have become female, such as Freddy Lounds, who is renamed Fredricka "Freddie" Lounds. The series has garnered much critical acclaim since its premiere, winning the 2014 and 2015 Saturn Awards for Best Network Television Series, as well as the inaugural Best Action-Thriller Television Series award in 2016.

Clarice (2021)[edit]

In May 2012, Lifetime announced that they were developing a television series centered on Starling after her graduation from the FBI academy, which was to be produced by MGM;[4] the project was never picked up and was shelved. In January 2020, Alex Kurtzman and Jenny Lumet were announced to develop Clarice, a CBS series, as a sequel to The Silence of the Lambs set in 1993.[5] A month later, Rebecca Breeds was cast as Starling.[6]

Cast and characters[edit]

Character Films Television series
Manhunter The Silence of the Lambs Hannibal Red Dragon Hannibal Rising Hannibal Clarice
1986 1991 2001 2002 2007 2013–2015 2021
Hannibal Lecter Brian Cox
(as Hannibal Lecktor)
Anthony Hopkins Gaspard Ulliel
Aaran Thomas (young)
Mads Mikkelsen
Clarice Starling Jodie Foster
Masha Skorobogatov (young)
Julianne Moore Rebecca Breeds
Maya McNair (young)
Will Graham William Petersen Edward Norton Hugh Dancy
Jack Crawford Dennis Farina Scott Glenn Harvey Keitel Laurence Fishburne
Frederick Chilton Benjamin Hendrickson Anthony Heald Anthony Heald Raúl Esparza
Francis Dolarhyde
(The Tooth Fairy)
Tom Noonan
(as Francis Dollarhyde)
Ralph Fiennes
Alex D. Linz (young)
Richard Armitage
Buffalo Bill
(Jame Gumb)
Ted Levine Simon Northwood
Barney Matthews Frankie Faison Jonathan Tucker
(as Matthew Brown)
Freddy Lounds Stephen Lang Philip Seymour Hoffman Lara Jean Chorostecki
(as Fredricka "Freddie" Lounds)
Mason Verger Gary Oldman Michael Pitt
Joe Anderson
Paul Krendler Ron Vawter Ray Liotta Cynthia Nixon
(as Kade Prurnell)[7]
Michael Cudlitz
Reba McClane Joan Allen Emily Watson Rutina Wesley
Molly Graham Kim Greist Mary-Louise Parker Nina Arianda
Rinaldo Pazzi Giancarlo Giannini Fortunato Cerlino
Cordell Doemling Željko Ivanek Glenn Fleshler
Margot Verger Katharine Isabelle
Vladis Grutas Rhys Ifans
Lady Murasaki Gong Li
Alan Bloom Paul Perri
(as Sidney Bloom)
Caroline Dhavernas
(as Alana Bloom)
Beverly Katz Michele Shay Elizabeth Dennehy
(as Beverly)
Hettienne Park
Jimmy Price Dan Butler Stanley Anderson Scott Thompson
Brian Zeller Chris Elliott
(as Zeller)
Aaron Abrams
Lloyd Bowman Bill Smitrovich Ken Leung
Chiyoh Tao Okamoto
Bedelia Du Maurier Gillian Anderson
Abel Gideon Eddie Izzard
Ardelia Mapp Kasi Lemmons Devyn A. Tyler
Catherine Martin Brooke Smith Marnee Carpenter
Ruth Martin Diane Baker Jayne Atkinson


Box office performance[edit]

The Hannibal Lecter films, when compared to other top-grossing American horror franchises—Alien vs. Predator, Candyman, Child's Play, The Conjuring Universe, The Exorcist, Evil Dead, Final Destination, Friday the 13th, Halloween, Hellraiser, I Know What You Did Last Summer, Jaws, A Nightmare on Elm Street, The Omen, Paranormal Activity, Psycho, The Purge, Saw, Scream, and The Texas Chainsaw Massacre—is one of the highest grossing horror film franchises.

Critical reception[edit]

Film Rotten Tomatoes Metacritic
Manhunter 94% (36 reviews)[8] 75 (10 reviews)[9]
The Silence of the Lambs 96% (91 reviews)[10] 85 (17 reviews)[11]
Hannibal 39% (171 reviews)[12] 57 (36 reviews)[13]
Red Dragon 68% (188 reviews)[14] 60 (36 reviews)[15]
Hannibal Rising 16% (145 reviews)[16] 35 (30 reviews)[17]
Hannibal (TV series), Season 1 (2013) 81% (64 reviews)[18] 70 (32 reviews)[19]
Hannibal (TV series), Season 2 (2014) 98% (44 reviews)[20] 88 (14 reviews)[21]
Hannibal (TV series), Season 3 (2015) 98% (46 reviews)[22] 84 (15 reviews)[23]
Clarice (TV series), Season 1 (2021) 36% (42 reviews)[24] 55 (32 reviews)[25]


In 2005, comedian-musicians Jon and Al Kaplan, most famous for their musical re-imaginings of popular films as YouTube musicals, parodied The Silence of the Lambs, especially the film version, in Silence! The Musical. It premiered Off-Off-Broadway and has since had acclaimed productions in London (2009) and Los Angeles (2012). In 2012, it won the Los Angeles Drama Critics Circle – Score, Lead Performance, Choreography Award.[26]

In 2016, rock band Conan Neutron & the Secret Friends released their second record, The Art of Murder,[27] a concept album which was "directly inspired by the Hannibal Lecter series of books by Thomas Harris."[28]


  1. ^ Oldenburg, Ann (October 3, 2002). "Marquee names serve up another helping of Hannibal". USA Today. Retrieved April 19, 2013.
  2. ^ Hibberd, James (7 December 2016). "Westworld finale: Anthony Hopkins on Dr. Ford's fate". Entertainment Weekly. New York. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
  3. ^ Clarice Probes Hannibal Lecter About Trump's Russia Ties - The Late Show with Stephen Colbert
  4. ^ Schneider, Michael (May 25, 2012). "Exclusive: Lifetime Developing Clarice, Based on Silence of the Lambs Character". TV Guide. Portland, Oregon: NTVB Media. Retrieved November 10, 2012.[dead link]
  5. ^ Andreeva, Nellie (January 12, 2020). "'Silence Of The Lambs' Sequel Series 'Clarice' Set At CBS From Alex Kurtzman & Jenny Lumet". Deadline.
  6. ^ "'Clarice': Rebecca Breeds Cast in the Title Role of CBS' 'Silence of the Lambs' Sequel Pilot". 26 February 2020.
  7. ^ VanDerWerff, Emily (March 8, 2014). "Hannibal's Bryan Fuller on blending Busby Berkeley with murder". The A.V. Club. Retrieved October 6, 2019. Kade Prurnell is an anagram of a character from Hannibal, actually the Ray Liotta character. So it’s like, “Your anagrams are showing, Dr. Lecter.” We couldn’t get the rights to that character, because that character originated in Silence of the Lambs. The character’s name was Paul Krendler, and we wanted to call her Paula Krendler, and they said no, because the way the rights go, it’s not by the literature, it’s actually by the character’s introduction. So if a character is first seen in Silence of the Lambs, we’re screwed, as far as rights go. In order to change the character so it’s not that but sort of services the same mythology in the show and reinvent the character in a way that won’t get us sued, [Laughs.] we anagrammed her and made her slightly different from the character in both Silence of the Lambs and Hannibal to our own purposes.
  8. ^ "Manhunter RT: Reviews". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2014-01-11.
  9. ^ "Manhunter MC: Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved 2014-01-11.
  10. ^ "Silence of the Lambs RT: Reviews". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2014-01-11.
  11. ^ "Silence of the Lambs MC: Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved 2014-01-11.
  12. ^ "Hannibal RT: Reviews". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2014-01-11.
  13. ^ "Hannibal MC: Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved 2014-01-11.
  14. ^ "Red Dragon RT: Reviews". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2014-01-11.
  15. ^ "Red Dragon MC: Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved 2014-01-11.
  16. ^ "Hannibal Rising RT: Reviews". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2014-01-11.
  17. ^ "Hannibal Rising MC: Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved 2014-01-11.
  18. ^ "Hannibal: Season 1". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2017-12-11.
  19. ^ "Hannibal Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved 2017-12-11.
  20. ^ "Hannibal: Season 2". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2017-12-11.
  21. ^ "Hannibal Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved 2017-12-11.
  22. ^ "Hannibal: Season 3". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2017-12-11.
  23. ^ "Hannibal Reviews". Metacritic. Retrieved 2017-12-11.
  24. ^ "Clarice: Season 1 (2021)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 2021-06-26.
  25. ^ "Clarice: Season 1". Metacritic. Retrieved 2021-06-26.
  26. ^ http://www.silencethemusicalnyc.com/
  27. ^ "The Art of Murder". bandcamp.com. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  28. ^ "The Art Of Murder – Alternative Tentacles Records". alternative tentacles. 16 July 2018. Retrieved 17 February 2021.