||It has been suggested that this article be merged into Imperial Citadel of Thăng Long. (Discuss) Proposed since March 2016.|
|UNESCO World Heritage Site|
|Criteria||ii, iii, iv|
|Inscription||2010 (34th Session)|
The Imperial Citadel of Thang Long dates to the Ly Dynasty (1010) and remained the seat of the Vietnamese court until 1810, when the Nguyen Dynasty chose to move the capital to Huế. The royal palaces and edifices were largely destroyed in the late 19th century. The few remaining structures within the royal compound are the Doan Mon gate, marking the southern entrance to the royal palace, the Flag Tower, the steps of Kinh Thiên Palace and the Hậu Lâu (Princess' Palace).
In the 20th century, the North Vietnamese military command under General Giap, had its headquarters within the Citadel, coded D67. A connecting underground tunnel allowed for emergency evacuation in case of an attack.
Construction work for the National Assembly building in 2003 uncovered extensive ruins the citadel dating back to the Thăng Long era. Many of the historical relics were removed to the Vietnamese History Museum. The archeological finds has halted the construction of the National Assembly building on the site, pending additional excavations.
As of 2000, some of the old French barracks and buildings were demolished to make room for a new museum within the citadel.
- Vietnam Institute of Archaeology (ed.). Thang Long Imperial Citadel. (2006). Culture and Information Publishing House. Hanoi.
- Media related to Citadel of Hanoi at Wikimedia Commons
- IHT | Ruins of royal complex of Thang Long are excavated in Hanoi Article from October 17, 2007, accessed December 31, 2008
- Việt Nam News | Historic Thang Long Citadel explored Article from December 21, 2008, accessed December 31, 2008
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