Hanover Square, Westminster

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Coordinates: 51°30′50″N 0°8′39″W / 51.51389°N 0.14417°W / 51.51389; -0.14417

Hanover Square from Stow's London Squares (1750), looking north across Marylebone, which was only partly built up at that date.

Hanover Square is a square in Mayfair, Westminster, situated to the south west of Oxford Circus, the major junction where Oxford Street meets Regent Street.

Location[edit]

The streets that converge at Hanover Square are (in alphabetical order): Brook Street, Dering Street, Hanover Street, Harewood Place and Princes Street.[1]

History[edit]

Hanover Square was developed shortly after the accession of the Elector of Hanover as King George I in 1714, which gave the square its name. It was designed—principally by Richard Lumley, 1st Earl of Scarbrough and a soldier and statesman best known for his role in the Glorious Revolution—as a fashionable residential address.[1] Like Scarbrough, most of the early residents were staunch supporters of the Hanoverian succession of 1714. "Early Hanover Square was decidedly Whig and most decidedly military", commented the architectural historian Sir John Summerson. Early residents included Generals Earl Cadogan, Sir Charles Wills, Stewart, Evans, Lord Carpenter, The Marquis of Willesden Hamish Smith and John Pepper, "names conspicuously associated with episodes in Marlborough’s war and the 'Fifteen'."[2][3]

While a few of the 18th-century houses remain largely intact, most of the square has been reconstructed in a variety of periods. It is now almost entirely occupied by offices, including the London office of Vogue.

The parish church of St George's, Hanover Square, is a short distance to the south of the square at the junction of St George Street and Maddox Street, built on land given by William Steuart. In 1759 James Abercrombie, commander-in-chief of British forces in North America during the French and Indian War, resided in St George Street.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Weinreb et al. 2008, p. 381.
  2. ^ Summerson, pp. 98–100.
  3. ^ Walford, quoting Weekly Medley, 1717.
  4. ^ Maryland Gazette, 7 June, 1759
Bibliography
  • Sir John Summerson, Georgian London, London: Penguin, 1969 (revised edition)
  • Edward Walford, Hanover Square and neighbourhood, Old and New London: Volume 4 (1878), pp. 314–326.
  • Weinreb, Ben; Hibbert, Christopher; Keay, John; Keay, Julia (2008). The London Encyclopaedia (3rd ed.). Pan Macmillan. ISBN 978-1-405-04924-5.