Hans-Emil Schuster

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Hans-Emil Schuster
Hans-Emil Schuster.tif
Hans-Emil Schuster (2011)
Born (1934-09-19) September 19, 1934 (age 82)
Hamburg, Germany
Occupation Astronomer
Nationality German
Minor planets discovered: 25 [1]
see § List of discovered minor planets

Hans-Emil Schuster (born September 19, 1934 in Hamburg) is a German astronomer and a discoverer of minor planets and comets, who retired in October 1991. He worked at Hamburg Observatory at Bergedorf and European Southern Observatory (ESO), and was former acting director of La Silla Observatory. Since 1982, he was married to Rosemarie Schuster née von Holt (March 28, 1935 – September 18, 2006)

He discovered periodic comet 106P/Schuster. He also discovered the comet C/1976 D2 (in the contemporary nomenclature, it was known as Comet 1975 II or 1976c), which was notable for its large perihelion distance of 6.88 AU [1] [2], the largest yet observed at the time.

He discovered 25 asteroids, including notably the Apollo asteroid 2329 Orthos and the Amor asteroids 2608 Seneca, 3271 Ul, 3288 Seleucus, and 3908 Nyx. He discovered the near-Earth asteroid 161989 Cacus, which was lost and not recovered until 2003.

Schuster participated in the exploration, selection and testing of the sites of two ESO observatories: La Silla Observatory and Paranal Observatory (the latter is the VLT site).

He also participated in two ESO Southern Sky Surveys: the ESO-B survey ("Quick-Blue Survey") completed in 1978 was the first deep optical survey of the southern sky; and the "Red Sky Survey". Photographic plates were taken with the ESO's 1-meter Schmidt Telescope at La Silla.

He co-discovered the Phoenix Dwarf galaxy (with Richard M. West), and in 1976 also discovered the Eridanus Globular Cluster, one of the most distant globular clusters in the galactic halo. In 1980, he discovered a type-II supernova in the galaxy NGC 1255. However, "Schuster's Spiral" (Horologium Dwarf) is not named after him, but a different Schuster.

Honours[edit]

The asteroid 2018 Schuster was named in his honour. On 21 October 2011 he was awarded the rank of Commander of the Order of Bernardo O'Higgins in recognition of his important contribution to astronomy in Chile.

List of discovered minor planets[edit]

2105 Gudy 29 February 1976 list
2234 Schmadel 27 April 1977 list
2275 Cuitlahuac 16 June 1979 list
2329 Orthos 19 November 1976 list
2608 Seneca 17 February 1978 list
3266 Bernardus 11 August 1978 list
3271 Ul 14 September 1982 list
3288 Seleucus 28 February 1982 list
3398 Stättmayer 10 August 1978 list
3496 Arieso 5 September 1977 list
3908 Nyx 6 August 1980 list
4761 Urrutia 27 August 1981 list
6163 Reimers 16 March 1977 list
6261 Chione 30 November 1976 list
6847 Kunz-Hallstein 5 September 1977 list
7215 Gerhard 16 March 1977 list
10454 Vallenar 9 July 1978 list
10669 Herfordia 16 March 1977 list
11001 Andrewulff 16 June 1979 list
11789 Kempowski 5 September 1977 list
12211 Arnoschmidt 28 May 1981 list
26074 Carlwirtz 8 October 1977 list
46514 Lasswitz 15 May 1977 list
73640 Biermann 5 September 1977 list
161989 Cacus 8 February 1978 list

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Minor Planet Discoverers (by number)". Minor Planet Center. 14 November 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2016.