Hans-Heinz Augenstein

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Hans-Heinz Augenstein
Hans-Heinz Augenstein.jpg
Hans-Heinz Augenstein
Born (1921-07-11)11 July 1921
Pforzheim, Germany
Died 7 December 1944(1944-12-07) (aged 23)
Münster, Germany
Allegiance  Nazi Germany
Service/branch Balkenkreuz (Iron Cross) Luftwaffe
Rank Oberleutnant
Unit NJG 1
Battles/wars

World War II

Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross

Hans-Heinz Augenstein (11 July 1921 – 7 December 1944) was a German Luftwaffe fighter and flying ace during World War II. A flying ace or fighter ace is a military aviator credited with shooting down five or more enemy aircraft during aerial combat.[1] Operating as a night fighter ace, he was credited with 46 victories, of which 45 were four-engine bombers.[2][Note 1]

Career[edit]

Augenstein first served with 3./Nachtjagdgeschwader 1 (NJG 1—1st Fighter Wing) during mid 1942. He claimed his first victory on the night of 31 July-1 August, a Vickers Wellington downed near Ahlhorn.[Note 2] In late 1942, Augenstein transferred to 7. Staffel. He claimed four victories on 27–28 May. In March 1944 Augenstein was made Staffelkapitän of 12./NJG 1 and awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 9 June 1944.

During 1944 Augenstein claimed 42 victories. On the night of 7 December 1944, Augenstein's Bf 110 G-4 was shot down near Münster-Handorf by a Mosquito night fighter of the Fighter Interception Unit, flown by RAF ace F/L ER Hedgecoe DFC. Augenstein and his Bordfunker Gunther Steins were killed but his air gunner Unteroffizier Kurt Schmidt bailed out unhurt.[4] Augenstein was credited with 46 victories, all recorded at night and including 45 four-engine bombers.

Aerial victory claims[edit]

Augenstein was credited with 46 victories, of which 45 were four-engine bombers.[5]

  This and the ? (question mark) indicates that the aerial victory claim is not listed by Foreman, Matthews and Parry, authors of Luftwaffe Night Fighter Claims 1939 – 1945.

Chronicle of aerial victories
Victory Date Time Type Location Serial No./Squadron No.
– 7./Nachtjagdgeschwader 1 –
1 13 May 1943 23:57 Lancaster[6] 6 km (3.7 mi) east of Lingen
2 24 May 1943 02:39 Halifax[7] 6 km (3.7 mi) southwest of Raalte
3 28 May 1943 00:54 Wellington[7] 3 km (1.9 mi) southwest of Hengelo
4 28 May 1943 01:05 Halifax[7] 3 km (1.9 mi) northeast of Heek (Nienborg (de))
5 28 May 1943 01:21 Halifax[7] Leer
6 28 May 1943 01:37 Halifax[8] 10 km (6.2 mi) east-northeast of Deventer
7 12 June 1943 03:00 Lancaster[9] 8 km (5.0 mi) northeast of Deventer
8 13 June 1943 01:56 Halifax[10] 5 km (3.1 mi) west of Gildehaus
9 13 June 1943 02:03 Halifax[10] northeast of Oldenzaal
10 27/28 August 1943
Stirling[11] 20 km (12 mi) northwest of Nuremberg
11 27/28 August 1943
four-engined bomber[11] Nuremberg-Lohe
– 9./Nachtjagdgeschwader 1 –
12 6 September 1943 00:45 Stirling[12] Schönborn[disambiguation needed]
13 6 September 1943 01:07 Lancaster[13] 5 km (3.1 mi) northwest of Landau
14 22 September 1943 22:45 Lancaster[14] Hüpede
15 23 September 1943 22:50 Lancaster[14] 3 km (1.9 mi) north of Speyer
16 23 September 1943 23:00 Lancaster[15] 3 km (1.9 mi) north of Kirchheimbolanden
17 27 September 1943 23:00 Halifax[16] west of Lübbecke
18 3 October 1943 01:42 Halifax[17] 7 km (4.3 mi) east of Kassel
19 9 October 1943 01:42 Lancaster[18] south-southwest of Hanover
20 20 October 1943 22:24 Lancaster[19] Ommen
21 20 October 1943 22:45 Lancaster[19] near Zwolle
22 3 November 1943 20:03 Lancaster[20] southwest of Sundern
23 26 November 1943 02:55 Halifax[21] Frankfurt (Oder)
– 7./Nachtjagdgeschwader 1 –
24 16 December 1943 19:00 Lancaster[22] south of Osnabrück
25 24 December 1943 03:00 Lancaster[23] Frankfurt (Oder)
26 22 January 1944 03:00 Halifax[24] 4 km (2.5 mi) east-southeast of Oldenzaal
27 30 January 1944 21:49 Lancaster[25]
28 30 January 1944 22:00 Lancaster[25]
29 15 February 1944 22:48 Halifax[26] Emmerich
30 20 February 1944 02:30 Lancaster[26] ES-5
31 25 February 1944 02:30 Halifax[27] south of Augsburg
32 26 February 1944 02:30 Lancaster[27]
– 12./Nachtjagdgeschwader 1 –
34 2 May 1944 00:32 Lancaster[28] near Ghent
35 2 May 1944 00:25 Halifax[29] 8 km (5.0 mi) north of Mechelen
36 23 May 1944 01:21 Lancaster[30] Eindhoven
37 23 May 1944 01:34 Lancaster[30] Hoogstraten area
38 28 May 1944 02:13 Halifax[31]
39 28 May 1944 02:15 Halifax[31]
40 28 May 1944 02:17 Halifax[31]
41?
42 29 July 1944 01:52 four-engined bomber[32] 15 km (9.3 mi) west of Stuttgart
43 29 July 1944 02:11 four-engined bomber[32] near Stuttgart
44 4/5 November 1944
Lancaster[33]
45 4/5 November 1944
Lancaster[33]
46 4/5 November 1944
Lancaster[33]

Awards[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ For a list of Luftwaffe night fighter aces see List of German World War II night fighter aces
  2. ^ This claim is not documented by Foreman, Matthews and Parry, authors of Luftwaffe Night Fighter Claims 1939 – 1945.[3]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Spick 1996, pp. 3–4.
  2. ^ Spick 1996, p. 244.
  3. ^ Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, pp. 52–53.
  4. ^ Bowman & Davey 2013, p. 79.
  5. ^ a b Obermaier 1989, p. 82.
  6. ^ Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 80.
  7. ^ a b c d Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 82.
  8. ^ Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 83.
  9. ^ Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 84.
  10. ^ a b Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 85.
  11. ^ a b Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 108.
  12. ^ Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 111.
  13. ^ Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 112.
  14. ^ a b Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 115.
  15. ^ Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 116.
  16. ^ Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 117.
  17. ^ Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 119.
  18. ^ Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 120.
  19. ^ a b Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 124.
  20. ^ Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 126.
  21. ^ Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 130.
  22. ^ Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 132.
  23. ^ Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 134.
  24. ^ Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 143.
  25. ^ a b Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 146.
  26. ^ a b Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 148.
  27. ^ a b Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 152.
  28. ^ Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 172.
  29. ^ Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 176.
  30. ^ a b Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 179.
  31. ^ a b c Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 180.
  32. ^ a b Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 206.
  33. ^ a b c Foreman, Matthews & Parry 2004, p. 223.
  34. ^ Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 19.
  35. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 118.
  36. ^ Scherzer 2007, p. 196.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Bowman, Martin; Davey, Chris (2013). Mosquito Bomber/Fighter-Bomber Units 1942–45. Oxford, UK: Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4728-0049-7. 
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) [1986]. Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6. 
  • Foreman, John; Matthews, Johannes; Parry, Simon (2004). Luftwaffe Night Fighter Claims 1939–1945. Walton on Thames: Red Kite. ISBN 978-0-9538061-4-0. 
  • Obermaier, Ernst (1989). Die Ritterkreuzträger der Luftwaffe Jagdflieger 1939 – 1945 [The Knight's Cross Bearers of the Luftwaffe Fighter Force 1939 – 1945] (in German). Mainz, Germany: Verlag Dieter Hoffmann. ISBN 978-3-87341-065-7. 
  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Militaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 
  • Spick, Mike (1996). Luftwaffe Fighter Aces. New York: Ivy Books. ISBN 978-0-8041-1696-1.