Hans-Lukas Teuber

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Hans-Lukas Teuber
Born (1916-08-07)August 7, 1916
Berlin, Germany
Died January 4, 1977 (1977-01-05) (aged 60)
Virgin Islands
Known for Double dissociation, Corollary discharge hypothesis
Spouse(s) Marianne Liepe
Children Andreas, Christopher

Hans-Lukas Teuber (August 7, 1916 – January 4, 1977) was a professor of psychology and head of the psychology department at Massachusetts Institute of Technology.[1] He was one of the founders of neuropsychology[2] and studied perception. He coined the term double dissociation.[3] He also introduced the "Corollary Discharge" hypothesis.[4] He gave the classic definition of agnosia as "a normal percept stripped of its meaning".[5]

He was the recipient of the Karl Spencer Lashley Award in 1966.

Biography[edit]

He was born in Berlin on August 7, 1916.[1] He studied at the French College in Berlin and at the University of Basel in Switzerland (1935-1939). He immigrated to the United States in 1941 and in August of the same year married Marianne Liepe. In 1947, he earned his PhD in social psychology at Harvard University, under the mentorship of Gordon Allport.[6][7] His thesis studied the efficacy of psychiatric treatments on delinquent adolescents. After graduating, his early work was in San Diego with neurologist Morris Bender.[8]

While living in Dobbs Ferry, New York from 1946 to 1961, he headed the Psychophysiology Lab at the New York University-Bellevue Medical Center.[9] His work focused on assessing brain injuries from World War II veterans,[10] with a focus on the effects of frontal lobe injury. From this research, he introduced the "corollary discharge" hypothesis, which says that the frontal lobe is involved in the anticipation of movement.[11]

In 1960, Teuber moved to Massachusetts to start a Department of Psychology at MIT after previous attempts had failed.[6] Today, it is known as the Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences. He hired Jerry Fodor, Thomas Bever, and Merrill Garrett.[12] At MIT, he was one of the researchers who studied the case of H.M..[13]

He died in a swimming accident in the Virgin Islands.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Pribram, Karl H. (1995). "Hans-Lukas Teuber: 1916-1977". The American Journal of Psychology. 90 (4): 705–707. JSTOR 1421744. 
  2. ^ John Duncan (2010). How Intelligence Happens. Yale University Press. p. 113. ISBN 978-0-300-16873-0. 
  3. ^ Raymond P. Kesner; Joe L. Martinez, Jr. (13 July 2007). Neurobiology of Learning and Memory. Academic Press. p. 25. ISBN 978-0-08-047967-5. 
  4. ^ Joaquín M. Fuster (31 August 2013). The Neuroscience of Freedom and Creativity: Our Predictive Brain. Cambridge University Press. p. 91. ISBN 978-1-107-43437-0. 
  5. ^ M.-Marsel Mesulam Professor of Neurology and Psychiatry Northwestern University School of Medicine (20 January 2000). Principles of Behavioral and Cognitive Neurology. Oxford University Press. p. 332. ISBN 978-0-19-803080-5. 
  6. ^ a b Arthur Benton Emeritus Professor of Neurology and Psychology University of Iowa (31 August 2000). Exploring the History of Neuropsychology : Selected Papers: Selected Papers. Oxford University Press. pp. 48–50. ISBN 978-0-19-803157-4. 
  7. ^ Mark E. Maruish; James A. Moses (13 May 2013). Clinical Neuropsychology: Theoretical Foundations for Practitioners. Psychology Press. p. 4. ISBN 1-134-77749-3. 
  8. ^ Noel Sheehy; Antony J. Chapman; Wendy A. Conroy (2002). Biographical Dictionary of Psychology. Taylor & Francis. p. 565. ISBN 978-0-415-28561-2. 
  9. ^ Larry R. Squire (9 September 2011). The History of Neuroscience in Autobiography. Oxford University Press. p. 612. ISBN 978-0-19-539613-3. 
  10. ^ Shane S. Bush (7 May 2012). Neuropsychological Practice with Veterans. Springer Publishing Company. p. 360. ISBN 978-0-8261-0805-0. 
  11. ^ Carl Sagan (26 September 2012). Dragons of Eden: Speculations on the Evolution of Human Intelligence. Random House Publishing Group. pp. 74–75. ISBN 978-0-307-80100-5. 
  12. ^ Montserrat Sanz; Itziar Laka; Michael K. Tanenhaus (29 August 2013). Language Down the Garden Path: The Cognitive and Biological Basis for Linguistic Structures. OUP Oxford. p. 82. ISBN 978-0-19-166482-3. 
  13. ^ Anastasio, Thomas J.; Ehrenberger, Kristen Ann; Watson, Patrick; Zhang, Wenyi. Individual and Collective Memory Consolidation: Analogous Processes on Different Levels. MIT Press. p. 27. ISBN 978-0-262-30091-9. 
  14. ^ The New York Times Biographical Service. New York Times & Arno Press. January 1977.