Hans-Peter Friedrich

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Hans-Peter Friedrich
Hans-Peter Friedrich.jpg
Federal Minister of Food and Agriculture
 Germany
In office
17 December 2013 – 17 February 2014
Chancellor Angela Merkel
Preceded by Ilse Aigner (Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection)
Succeeded by Christian Schmidt
Federal Minister of the Interior
 Germany
In office
3 March 2011 – 17 December 2013
Chancellor Angela Merkel
Preceded by Thomas de Maizière
Succeeded by Thomas de Maizière
Member of the Bundestag
Assumed office
1998
Personal details
Born (1957-03-10) 10 March 1957 (age 58)
Naila, West Germany
Political party Christian Social Union
Children 3
Alma mater University of Augsburg
Religion Lutheran

Hans-Peter Friedrich (born March 10, 1957 in Naila, Bavaria) is a German politician, representative of the Christian Social Union (CSU). On 3 March 2011 he succeeded Thomas de Maizière as Federal Minister of the Interior[1] and held this ministry until 17 December 2013 when he was appointed Federal Minister for Food and Agriculture. Friedrich resigned from that position in February 2014. Friedrich has a controversial history with minorities in Germany, causing outrage in 2013 after telling journalists that Islam in Germany is not something supported by history at any point.[2]

Early life and education[edit]

Born in 1957 in Naila, near the northern Bavarian town of Hof, Friedrich has a PhD in law and also studied economics. From 1990 to 1991, Friedrich worked in the economy ministry and the economy department of the Germany Embassy in Washington, D.C.[3]

Political career[edit]

Early career[edit]

Friedrich began his national political career as an aide to Michael Glos, a senior CSU official in parliament.[4]

Friedrich has been a member of the Bundestag since the 1998 federal elections,.[5] He was deputy chairman of the investigating committee for party donations from 1999 until 2002 and for electoral fraud from 2002 until 2004. From 2002 until 2005 he was also judicial counselor of the CDU/CSU parliamentary group.

Following the 2005 federal elections, when his party joined a Grand Coalition with Angela Merkel as Chancellor, Friedrich became deputy chairman of the parliamentary group under the leadership of Volker Kauder, covering the portfolio of housing and development.[6] Between 2007 and 2009, he was one of 32 members of the Second Commission on the modernization of the federal state, which had been established to reform the division of powers between federal and state authorities in Germany.

In the negotiations to form a coalition government following the 2009 federal elections, Friedrich led the CDU/CSU delegation in the working group on transport and building policies; his co-chair from the FDP was Patrick Döring.

From 2009, Friedrich led the CSU in parliament, replacing Peter Ramsauer. During that time, he was said to have enjoyed a good relationship with Merkel and to have often sided with national interests over Bavarian ones.[7] Economic policy was widely seen as his passion as he has supported raising the retirement age to 67 despite opposition from CSU leader Horst Seehofer.[8] He also played a behind-the-scenes part in crafting Germany's response to the euro zone crisis.[9]

Federal Minister of the Interior, 2011-2013[edit]

On 3 March 2011 Friedrich succeeded Thomas de Maizière as Federal Minister of the Interior[10] who replaced Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg. The fact that Friedrich, like Guttenberg, came from the northern Bavarian area of Upper Franconia meant that his appointment ensured the regional balance of power within the CSU was maintained.[11]

On June 7, 2011, Friedrich attended the state dinner hosted by President Barack Obama in honor of Chancellor Angela Merkel at the White House.[12]

European integration

In early 2012, Friedrich became Chancellor Angela Merkel’s first Cabinet member to suggest Greece’s exit from the euro. In an interview with Der Spiegel, he said Greece would have better chances of overhauling its economy and restoring growth if it left the euro area.[13]

Surveillance

In the wake of the US National Security Agency's (NSA) internet surveillance scandal around PRISM in 2013, Friedrich was long perceived as not particularly devoted to investigating the full scope of NSA spying activities in Germany.[14] Instead, he defended the NSA's methods and promptly demanded legislation changes, in order to be able to expand surveillance of communication traffic by the German Bundesnachrichtendienst as well.[15] In an effort to point out how valuable information provided by the NSA can be for Germany, he argued that forty-five terror attacks had been prevented by the Prism program, including five in Germany; however, he soon back-peddled, unable to pinpoint the five instances.[16] In a later interview with Münchner Merkur newspaper, Friedrich held that Edward Snowden was not a victim of political persecution.[17]

Federal Minister of Food and Agriculture, 2013[edit]

In the negotiations to form a so-called Grand Coalition following the 2013 federal elections, Friedrich led the CDU/CSU delegation in the working group on internal affairs and justice; his co-chair from the SPD was Thomas Oppermann.

Friedrich was sworn in as Federal Minister of Food and Agriculture in the third cabinet of Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel on 17 December 2013. He resigned on 14 February 2014,[18] reacting to imminent legal investigations into incidents during his tenure as Federal Minister of the Interior. He is accused of betraying state secrets about legal investigations into Social Democrat Party (SPD) heads during the coalition negotiations after the federal elections in 2013. The investigations showed MP Sebastian Edathy's link to a globally-operating child pornography syndicate,[19] and plans to take up an investigation against Edathy on suspicion of possessing such material.[18]

Other activities[edit]

  • Foundation for Family Businesses, Member of the Board of Trustees
  • Friedrich-Baur-GmbH, Member of the Advisory Board
  • Ostbayerisches Technologie-Transfer-Institut (OTTI), Member of the Advisory Board
  • Rotary International, Member

Personal life[edit]

Friedrich is married with three children.[20]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Neue Minister ernannt" [New ministers appointed]. Cabinet of Germany (in German). 3 March 2011. Retrieved 3 March 2011. 
  2. ^ http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/2013/03/07/immigration-theresa-may-question-_n_2827785.html
  3. ^ Erik Kirschbaum and Eric Kelsey (March 2, 2011), German ministers in cabinet reshuffle Reuters.
  4. ^ Daryl Lindsey (March 2, 2011), Merkel Shuffles Cabinet: German Interior Minister to Replace Guttenberg Spiegel Online.
  5. ^ Daryl Lindsey (March 2, 2011), Merkel Shuffles Cabinet: German Interior Minister to Replace Guttenberg Spiegel Online.
  6. ^ "Wechselt von der Leyen ins Gesundheitsministerium?". Hamburger Abendblatt. October 2, 2009 
  7. ^ Erik Kirschbaum and Eric Kelsey (March 2, 2011), German ministers in cabinet reshuffle Reuters.
  8. ^ Erik Kirschbaum and Eric Kelsey (March 2, 2011), German ministers in cabinet reshuffle Reuters.
  9. ^ Erik Kirschbaum and Eric Kelsey (March 2, 2011), German ministers in cabinet reshuffle Reuters.
  10. ^ "Neue Minister ernannt" [New ministers appointed]. Cabinet of Germany (in German). 3 March 2011. Retrieved 3 March 2011. 
  11. ^ Erik Kirschbaum and Eric Kelsey (March 2, 2011), German ministers in cabinet reshuffle Reuters.
  12. ^ Expected Attendees at Tonight's State Dinner Office of the First Lady of the United States, press release of June 7, 2011.
  13. ^ Tony Czuczka (February 25, 2012), Germany’s Friedrich Urges Greek Exit From Euro, Spiegel Says Bloomberg News.
  14. ^ Veit Medick and Philipp Wittrock (July 17, 2013), NSA Scandal: Merkel's Interior Minister Not Up to the Job Spiegel Online.
  15. ^ "100-Millionen-Programm: BND will Internet-Überwachung massiv ausweiten". Spiegel Online (in German). 16 June 2013. 
  16. ^ Veit Medick and Philipp Wittrock (July 17, 2013), NSA Scandal: Merkel's Interior Minister Not Up to the Job Spiegel Online.
  17. ^ Stefan Wagstyl and Kiran Stacey (November 5, 2013), Germany warns UK on spying Financial Times.
  18. ^ a b "German Agriculture Minister Friedrich resigns amid Edathy scandal". DW.DE. 2014-02-14. Retrieved 2014-03-28. 
  19. ^ "German politician Edathy rejects child porn allegation". DW.DE. 2014-02-11. Retrieved 2014-03-28. 
  20. ^ Hans-Peter Friedrich: A conservative minister's slow decline Deutsche Welle, February 14, 2014.
Political offices
Preceded by
Thomas de Maizière
Minister of the Interior
2011–2013
Succeeded by
Thomas de Maizière
Preceded by
Ilse Aigner
as Minister of Food, Agriculture and Consumer Protection
Minister of Food and Agriculture
2013–2014
Succeeded by
Christian Schmidt