Hans (name)

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Pronunciation English: /ˈhɑːnz/ HAHNZ
Danish: [ˈhanˀs]
German: [ˈhans]
Gender Male
Name day October 25 (Germany)
August 29 (Sweden)
June 24th (Norway, Estonia, Denmark)
December 27 (Finland)
Word/name Pet form of Johannes
Meaning YHWH has been gracious"[1]
Region of origin German, Dutch, Scandinavian
Other names
Related names Hanni, Hanno, Hánno, Hannu, Hánsa, Hansi, Hanski, Hanssi, Hanse, Hansu, Hensar, Hampe, Hanseraq, Hansinnguaq, Hasse

Hans is a masculine given name. In German, Danish, Dutch, Faroese, Norwegian, Icelandic and Swedish, originally it was short for Johannes[2] (John) but is also recognized in Sweden, Norway, Germany, Denmark, the Netherlands and Estonia as a name in its own right for official purposes.

The earliest documented usage was in 1356 in Sweden,[3] 1360 in Norway,[4] and the 14th century in Denmark.[5]

"Hansel" (German Hänsel) is a variant, meaning "little Hans." Another variant with the same meaning is Hänschen, found in the German proverb "Was Hänschen nicht lernt, lernt Hans nimmermehr," which translates roughly as: "What Hansel doesn't learn, Hans will never learn."

Other variants include: Han, Hawns, Hanns, Hannes, Hanse, Hansi (also female), Hansele, Hansal, Hensal, Hanserl, Hännschen, Hennes, Hännes, Hänneschen, Henning, Henner, Honsa, Johan, Johann, Jan, Jannes, Jo, Joha, Hanselmann, Hansje.

Alternate forms[edit]

Pet, diminutive, alternative and other language forms are:

  • Bunjeet
  • Hannes (Dutch, German, Swedish, Icelandic, Finnish)
  • Hans Tablate
  • Honza (Czech, diminutive form of Jan)
  • Hovhannes (Armenian)
  • Jack (English)
  • Johnny/Johnnie (English)
  • Jonn (English)
  • Yohanna (Arabic: يوحنا) the Arabic language derivative. Used among Arabic-speaking Christians.
  • Yahya (Arabic: يحيى), used among Arab and non-Arab Muslims.
  • Eoin (Irish language derivation of Seán; in Irish and Scottish Gaelic refers to the Apostle)
  • Evan (Welsh a pre-Christian Celtic subsequently equated to John)
  • Jevan (variation of Evan)
  • Giovanni, Gianni (Italian)
  • Ġwanni, Ġwann, Ġanni (Maltese)
  • Jan (Norwegian, Swedish, Dutch, Polish, Czech, Slovak, German)
  • Janez, diminutives: Jan, Jani, Janko (Slovenian)
  • János (Hungarian); diminutives: Jancsi, Jani
  • Johan (Dutch, Swedish, Danish. Norwegian)
  • Chuan (Aragonian)
  • Joan (Catalan)
  • Jean (French)
  • Jehan, (medieval French), still in use, but rare
  • Yann (Breton)
  • João (Portuguese)
  • Xoan, Xan (Galician)
  • Johannes (Germanic: German, Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Dutch)
  • Johan(n) (variation of Johannes)
  • Jón (Icelandic)
  • Jonas (Lithuanian)
  • Jovan (Serbian)
  • Juan (Spanish / Filipino/for John)
  • Juhani, Juha, Jukka (Finnish)
  • Ansis (Latvian)
  • Ian (Scottish derived from Gaelic Iain)
  • Ion (Romanian)
  • Ivan (Bulgarian, Croatian, Russian and other Slavic language nations)
  • Sean (Irish Seán, after the French Jean)
  • Shane (anglicized form of Seán)
  • Shaun (anglicised form of Seán)
  • Shawn (anglicised form of Seán)
  • Siôn (Welsh)
  • Yohani (Kirundi)
  • Yohanes (Eritrean)
  • Giuàn (Western Lombard)

Feminine forms are:

  • Hanne/Hanna(h)
  • Ioana
  • Jana
  • Jane
  • Joana (Portuguese and Catalan)
  • Jeanne (French)
  • Joanne
  • Joan
  • Johanna
  • Johanne (Norwegian)
  • Jean
  • Janice, Janet, both shortened as "Jan"
  • Non-English variants adopted as English names include Jeanette
  • Seonaid, Sinead, Seonag

Notable people[edit]





Politics and military[edit]


  • Hans Albert Einstein (1904–1973), Pf. of Hydraulic engineering, A. Einstein's son
  • Hans Ankum (born 1930), Dutch legal scholar
  • Hans Avé Lallemant (1938–2016), Dutch-born American geologist
  • Hans Bethe (1906–2005), Nobel laureate in physics for his work on the theory of stellar nucleosynthesis
  • Hans Bos (born 1950), Dutch biochemist and cancer researcher
  • Hans Capel (born 1936), Dutch physicist
  • Hans Cohen (born 1923), Dutch microbiologist
  • Hans Christian Ørsted (1777–1851), Danish physicist and chemist who discovered that electric currents create magnetic fields
  • Hans Charles Freeman (1929–2008), German-born Australian protein crystallographer who elucidated the structure of plastocyanin
  • Hans Geiger (1882–1945), Inventor of the Geiger counter
  • Hans Hass (1919–2013), Austrian diver, naturalist and film-maker
  • Hans Adolf Krebs (1900–1981), German born, British physician and biochemist. Identified citric acid cycle
  • Hans Lowey, Austrian-American chemist
  • Hans Steffen (1865–1937), German geographer and explorer of Patagonia



  • Hans Werner Aufrecht (born 28 December 1936 in Großaspach, Germany) was in 1967 along with Erhard Melcher one of the founders of AMG Engine Production and Development, a current subsidiary ofMercedes-Benz
  • Hans Biebow (1902–1947), German chief of Nazi administration of the Łódź Ghetto executed for war crimes
  • Hans Rudolf Giger (1940-2014), Swiss painter, sculptor, and set designer
  • Hans Holbein the Younger (1497–1543), German Renaissance Portraitist
  • Hans-Joachim Marseille (1919–1942) German captain and fighter pilot. Flying ace during the World War II.
  • Hans Emil Meyer (1889–1954) Swiss architect and theorist (Bauhaus)
  • Hans Seyffer (1460–1509), sculptor

Fictional characters[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "John". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  2. ^ Dahl, Árni (2005). Navnabókin. ISBN 9789991849393. [page needed]
  3. ^ Otterbjörk, Roland (1979). Svenska förnamn. ISBN 9789121109373. [page needed]
  4. ^ Stemshaug, Ola; Kruken, Kristoffer (1995). Norsk Personnamnleksikon. ISBN 978-8252120363. [page needed]
  5. ^ Meldgaard, Eva Villarsen (2004). Den store navnebog. ISBN 9788711160435. [page needed]

External links[edit]