Hans Dijkstal

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Hans Dijkstal
Hans Dijkstal 1985 (1).jpg
Hans Dijkstal in 1985
Parliamentary leader in the
House of Representatives
In office
30 July 1998 – 23 May 2002
Preceded byFrits Bolkestein
Succeeded byGerrit Zalm
Parliamentary groupPeople's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Leader of the People's Party
for Freedom and Democracy
In office
30 July 1998 – 16 May 2002
Deputy
Preceded byFrits Bolkestein
Succeeded byGerrit Zalm
Deputy Prime Minister
In office
22 August 1994 – 3 August 1998
Serving with Hans van Mierlo
Prime MinisterWim Kok
Preceded byWim Kok
Succeeded byEls Borst
Annemarie Jorritsma
Minister of the Interior
In office
22 August 1994 – 3 August 1998
Prime MinisterWim Kok
Preceded byDieuwke de Graaff-Nauta
Succeeded byBram Peper
as Minister of the Interior
and Kingdom Relations
Member of the House of Representatives
In office
19 May 1998 – 1 September 2002
In office
30 July 1986 – 22 August 1994
In office
11 November 1982 – 3 June 1986
Parliamentary groupPeople's Party for
Freedom and Democracy
Personal details
Born
Henri Frans Dijkstal

(1943-02-28)28 February 1943
Port Said, Egypt
Died9 May 2010(2010-05-09) (aged 67)
Wassenaar, Netherlands
Cause of deathBone cancer
NationalityDutch
Political partyPeople's Party for
Freedom and Democracy

(from 1966)
Spouse(s)
Anneke Dijkstal
(m. 1966; his death 2010)
Children2 daughters and 1 son
Alma materUniversity of Amsterdam
(Bachelor of Law)
OccupationPolitician · Financial adviser · Corporate director · Nonprofit director · Political pundit · Critic · Lobbyist · Teacher
Military service
Allegiance Netherlands
Branch/serviceRoyal Netherlands Air Force
Years of service1965–1967 (Conscription)
1967–1973 (Reserve)
RankNetherlands-AirForce-OF-1b.svg Lieutenant
UnitAir Operations Control
Station Nieuw-Milligen
Battles/warsCold War

Henri Frans "Hans" Dijkstal (28 February 1943 – 9 May 2010) was a Dutch politician of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD) and financial adviser.

Dijkstal worked as a financial adviser and teacher in Wassenaar from 1967 until 1982. Dijkstal became a Member of the House of Representatives after Wim van Eekelen was appointed as State Secretary for Foreign Affairs in the Cabinet Lubbers I, serving from 11 November 1982 until 3 June 1986 and again after Ed Nijpels was appointed as Minister of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment in the Cabinet Lubbers II, taking office on 30 July 1986. After the election of 1994 the Leader of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy and Parliamentary leader of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy in the House of Representatives Frits Bolkestein opting to remain in the House of Representatives instead of accepting a ministerial post in the new Cabinet Kok I and endorsed Dijkstal who had been serving as his Deputy since 24 September 1990 as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of the Interior, taking office on 22 August 1994. After the election of 1998 Dijkstal returned as a Member of the House of Representatives on 19 May 1998. Shortly after the election Frits Bolkestein announced he was stepping down as Leader of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy and Parliamentary leader. Per his request Dijkstal was not considered for ministerial post in the Cabinet Kok II as he wanted to focus on his candidacy to succeed Frits Bolkestein as the next Leader. Frits Bolkestein resigned as Leader and Parliamentary leader on 30 July 1998 and was succeeded by Dijkstal in both positions.

For the election of 2002 Dijkstal served as Lijsttrekker (top candidate) for the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy. The People's Party for Freedom and Democracy sufferd a big loss, losing 14 seats and fell back to became the third largest party and now had 24 seats in the House of Representatives. Dijkstal accepted responsibility for the defeat and sequentially announced he was stepping down as Leader and Parliamentary leader and his retirement from national politics. Dijkstal resigned as Leader on 16 May 2002 and as Parliamentary leader on 23 May 2002 and was succeeded by Gerrit Zalm in both positions but retained his seat in the House of Representatives and continued to serve as a backbencher until his resignation on 1 September 2002.

Following the end of his active political career, Dijkstal occupied numerous seats as a corporate director and nonprofit director for supervisory boards in the business and industry world and several international non-governmental organizations and research institutes (Netherlands Film Fund, Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Stichting Pensioenfonds ABP, Institute for Multiparty Democracy and the Anne Frank Foundation) and as an advocate, lobbyist and activist for multiculturalism, minority groups and social norms.

Dijkstal was known for his abilities as a consensus builder and manager. Dijkstal continued to comment on political affairs until his death on 9 May 2010 from bone cancer.

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Dijkstal was born in Port Said, Egypt, where his father and grandfather worked in shipping. He was able to speak fluent Arabic before moving to the Netherlands at age five. He made a career as financial advisor, taught management courses, and was council member for the city of Wassenaar and an alderman.

Politics[edit]

In 1982 he was first elected to the House of Representatives. He took over the leadership of the VVD faction from Frits Bolkestein in 1998. For the Dutch general election of 2002 he was the lijsttrekker (top candidate), Dijkstal and Ad Melkert the Party leader of the Labour Party were the front runners to become the next Prime Minister, but the unexpected arrival of Pim Fortuyn of Livable Netherlands (LN) and later the Pim Fortuyn List (LPF), turned the polls. Fortuyn blamed the problems in the country on the Purple cabinets (in which both Dijkstal and Melkert served as ministers). Fortuyn depicted Dijkstal and Melkert as two bureaucrats who didn't understand the feelings and problems among the population. After a heated campaign a mere days before the election, Fortuyn was assassinated in Hilversum. The People's Party for Freedom and Democracy suffered a big defeat in the election losing fourteen seats, Dijkstal accepted responsibility for the defeat and sequentially left national politics. He resigned as Leader of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy and Parliamentary leader of the People's Party for Freedom and Democracy in the House of Representatives on 16 May 2002 and gave up his seat in the House of Representatives on 1 September 2002. But when his former party started taking a heavy stance on 'allochtonen' (immigrants and their children) he teamed up with former politicians from a wide range of other parties in protest, to strive for a more tolerant society, under the name "Een Land Een Samenleving" ('One Country One Society').[1].[2]

Family[edit]

On 29 July 1966 he married Anneke Dijkstal and became the father of two daughters.[3]

Personal[edit]

Furthermore, he was a fan and admirer of Star Trek.[4] Hans Dijkstal died on 9 May 2010 after a long fight against bone cancer, he was 67.[5][6]

Decorations[edit]

Honours
Ribbon bar Honour Country Date Comment
NLD Order of Orange-Nassau - Officer BAR.png Officer of the Order of Orange-Nassau Netherlands 30 October 1998

References[edit]

  1. ^ ‹See Tfd›(in Dutch) VVD trekt ten strijde tegen Fortuyn, Volkskrant, 18 March 2002
  2. ^ ‹See Tfd›(in Dutch) Het vrolijke, beminnelijke oliemannetje van Paars Archived 2012-04-02 at the Wayback Machine, NRC Handelsblad, 11 May 2002
  3. ^ ‹See Tfd›(in Dutch) Hans Dijkstal, Nova TV, 25 March 2004
  4. ^ ‹See Tfd›(in Dutch) Gesprek over de nieuwe Startrek-film Archived 2013-10-29 at the Wayback Machine, NOS, 4 May 2009
  5. ^ ‹See Tfd›(in Dutch) VVD'er Hans Dijkstal (67) overleden, NOS, 10 May 2010
  6. ^ ‹See Tfd›(in Dutch) Hans Dijkstal (67) overleden, Volkskrant, 10 May 2010

External links[edit]

Official
Party political offices
Preceded by
Loek Hermans
Deputy Leader of the People's Party
for Freedom and Democracy

1990–1998
Succeeded by
Benk Korthals
Preceded by
Frits Bolkestein
Leader of the People's Party
for Freedom and Democracy

1998–2002
Succeeded by
Gerrit Zalm
Parliamentary leader of the
People's Party for Freedom and Democracy
in the House of Representatives

1998–2002
Preceded by
Frits Bolkestein
1998
Lijsttrekker of the
People's Party for
Freedom and Democracy

2002
Succeeded by
Gerrit Zalm
2003
Political offices
Preceded by
Wim Kok
Deputy Prime Minister
1994–1998
Served alongside: Hans van Mierlo
Succeeded by
Annemarie Jorritsma
Succeeded by
Els Borst
Preceded by
Dieuwke de Graaff-Nauta
Minister of the Interior
1994–1998
Succeeded by
Bram Peper
as Minister of the Interior
and Kingdom Relations
Non-profit organization positions
Preceded by
Unknown
Chairman of the
Netherlands Film Fund

2003–2007
Succeeded by
Unknown
Preceded by
Unknown
Chairman of the
Naturalis Biodiversity Center

2004–2010
Succeeded by
Elco Brinkman