Hans Erich Apostel
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|Hans Erich Apostel|
|Born||22 January 1901|
|Died||30 November 1972 (aged 71)|
|Awards||Grand Austrian State Prize|
From 1916 to 1919 he studied piano, conducting and music theory in Karlsruhe with Alfred Lorenz. In 1920 he was Kapellmeister and Répétiteur at the Badisches Landestheater in Karlsruhe. He studied in Vienna with Arnold Schoenberg from 1921–1925, and from 1925–35 with Alban Berg, two prominent members of the Second Viennese School. At the same time, he taught piano, composition and music theory privately.
Some of his compositions demonstrate his particular affinity with expressionist painting—he was friends with Emil Nolde, Oskar Kokoschka and Alfred Kubin. During the Nazi period his music was proscribed as "degenerate", but he continued to live in Vienna until his death in 1972.
Apostel was active as a pianist, accompanist, and conductor of contemporary music in Austria, Germany, Switzerland and Italy. After the war, he was prominent in the Austrian branch of the Gesellschaft für Neue Musik, of which he was president from 1947 to 1950.
Although he won numerous prizes for his compositions (including the Grand Austrian State Prize in 1957), his works have rarely been performed. He is buried in the Zentralfriedhof in Vienna, Group 32C, No. 57.
- Hans Erich Apostel classical-composers.org
- Burton, Anthony. 2002. "Apostel, Hans Erich". The Oxford Companion to Music, edited by Alison Latham. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.
- Gruber, Gerold W. 1989. "Hans Erich Apostel: Fischerhausserenade op. 45 (1971)". In Dodekaphonie in Österreich nach 1945, edited by Gottfried Scholz. Vienna: Verband der Wissenschaftlichen Gesellschaften Österreichs.
- Gruber, Gerold W. 2001. "Apostel, Hans Erich". The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, second edition, edited by Stanley Sadie and John Tyrrell. London: Macmillan Publishers.
- Kaufmann, Harald. 1965. Hans Erich Apostel: eine Studie. Österreichische Komponisten des XX. Jahrhunderts 4. Vienna: Österreichischer Bundesverlag.