March 10, 1912|
Töttleben, Erfurt, German Empire
|Died||January 30, 1992(aged 79)|
|Alma mater||University of Jena, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich|
|Known for||Work in Schutzstaffel SS with Bruno Beger|
Hans Fleischhacker (10 March 1912 – 30 January 1992) was a German anthropologist with the Ahnenerbe and a commander in the SS of Nazi Germany. He worked with Bruno Beger on some projects, making measurements of Jewish people. He was with Beger at Auschwitz when the people were selected to be part of the Jewish skeleton collection, a project of the Ahnenerbe. At their post-war tial, Beger was found guilty of full knowledge of the scope of that project, while Fleischhacker was found not to be aware that the purpose of the measurements was to select the 86 people to be murdered at Natzweiler-Struthof camp.
Education and joining the SS
After studying at the University of Jena and the Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich Fleischhacker went to work at the Institute of Racial Research in Tübingen in 1937, joining the SS at the same time.
Second World War
Before long Fleischhacker saw service with the SS Race and Settlement Main Office.:253 Following the invasion of Poland he was sent to Litzmannstadt as part of this group in order to perform measurements on ethnic Germans and determine whether they were suitable for resettlement programmes in the east or simply for forced labour.:254 His main base of operations was at Łódź.
In 1942 Fleischhacker was, along with Heinrich Rübel, chosen by Bruno Beger to work with him in an SS project to determine the racial type applicable to the Mountain Jews of the Caucasus, a group that did not readily fit the Nazi's existing ethnic paradigms.:253 Fleischhacker was chosen for this task due to a thesis he was preparing at the time dealing with skin color amongst Jews.:253 The following year he worked again with Beger, this time at Auschwitz concentration camp where again his duty was to measure physical features of the inmates in order to determine to which race they belonged.:261 He took measurements of the persons selected for the Jewish skeleton collection, who were sent from Auschwitz to Natzweiler-Struthof concentration camp to be gassed.
Post-war trial and work
After the Second World War Fleischhacker was held in various internment camps until appearing before the board of arbitration in 1948, where he was designated Mitläufer - not a fully committed Nazi but one who nonetheless went along with Nazism. He was able to return to anthropological research at the Goethe University Frankfurt in November 1950 and subsequently worked as a researcher and lecturer at the University of El Salvador, then at the Tübingen Anthropology Institute and returned to the Goethe Institute in Frankfurt until 1968.
Along with Beger and Wolf-Dietrich Wolff, Fleischhacker came under investigation for his time at Auschwitz. A case was not brought against the men until 1970, as their connection to the Jewish skeleton project was not known until then. Ultimately the case against him was dismissed the following year as there was insufficient evidence to prove that he knew he was involved in extermination and only Beger was convicted.:316-317
- Pressac, Jean-Claude; Klarsfeld, Serge (1985). The Struthof Album: Study of the Gassing at Natzweiler-Struthof of 86 Jews whose Bodies were to Constitute a Collection of Skeletons: A Photographic Document. Beate Klarsfeld Foundation. p. 14.
- Klee, Ernst (June 2007). Das Personenlexikon zum Dritten Reich - Wer war was vor und nach 1945 [The Guide to People in the Third Reich - Who was what before and after 1945] (in German) (2nd ed.). Frankfurt am Main: Auflage. p. 155. ISBN 978-3-596-16048-8.
- Pringle, Heather (2006). The Master Plan: Himmler's Scholars and the Holocaust. Hyperion. ISBN 0786868864.
- Schmuhl, Hans-Walter (2008). The Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity, and Eugenics, 1927-1945: Crossing Boundaries. Springer Netherlands. p. 353. ISBN 978-1-4020-6599-6.
- Lang, Hans-Joachim. "The Perpetrators: Hans Fleischhacker (1912 - 1992)". Retrieved April 10, 2016.