Hans Freiherr von Wangenheim
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (April 2014) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
Hans, Baron von Wangenheim (1859–1915) was a diplomat for Imperial Germany.
He served abroad as
- First Secretary at the embassy in Constantinople 1899-1904
- Minister to Mexico 1904 - 1908
- Chargé d'affaires in Tangier 1908
- Minister in Athens 1909 - 1912
- Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire 1912-1915
He died in service in Constantinople.
With the outbreak of the Great War Wangenheim was instrumental in securing the entry of the Ottoman Empire into the war as part of the Central Powers. Wangenheim oversaw Max von Oppenheim's successful attempt to get the Ottoman Caliph to declare Jihad against the Triple Entente. During the time of Armenian Genocide there were accusations of German complicity and question's were raised as to Wangenheim's position of 'non-intervention'; the American Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire Henry Morgenthau in his book Ambassador Morgenthau's Story (1918) would virulently criticise Wangenheim's role. In an interview with an American journalist, Wangenheim stated: "I do not blame the Turks for what they are doing to the Armenians...They are entirely justified".
Also in Turkey at that time was the socialist revolutionary, arms dealer, and German agent Alexander Parvus. Wangenheim sent Parvus to Berlin in March 1915 endorsing Parvus' plan that Germany back the Bolsheviks against the Russian Empire.
- Hopkirk, Peter On Secret Service East of Constantinople Oxford University Press (1994) p55-56
- Huberta von Voss (editor) Portraits of Hope: Armenians in the Contemporary World Berghahn Books (2007) p48
- Balkakian, Peter The Burning Tigris, New York: HarperCollins, 2003 page 285.
- Barry Rubin and Wolfgang Schwanitz Nazis, Islamists, and the Making of the Modern Middle East Yale University Press (2014) p37
- Sazonov, Serge Fateful Years 1909-1916 (1928) p228