Hans Henrik Reusch

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Hans Reusch
HansHenrikReusch1852-1922.jpg
Born (1852-09-05)5 September 1852
Died 27 October 1922(1922-10-27) (aged 70)
Residence Norway
Nationality Norwegian
Citizenship Norway
Alma mater Det Kongelige Frederiks Universitet
Known for Geography schoolbooks
Silurian in Norway
Paleic surface
Strandflat
Reusch's Moraine
Awards Lyell Medal
Scientific career
Fields Geology, Geography
Institutions Geological Survey of Norway

Hans Henrik Reusch (5 September 1852 – 27 October 1922) was a Norwegian geologist, geomorphologist and educator. He served as director of the Geological Survey of Norway.[1]

Biography[edit]

Born in Bergen, he was educated at the University of Leipzig and Heidelberg University. He graduated Ph.D. at the University of Christiania (now University of Oslo) in 1883. He joined the Geological Survey of Norway in 1875, and was its Director from 1888 to 1921. He was a Sturgis Hooper Professor of Geology at Harvard University (1897–98).[2][3]

He is distinguished for his research on the crystalline schists and the Palaeozoic rocks of Norway. He discovered Silurian fossils in the highly altered rocks of the Bergen region; and in 1891 he called attention to the so-called "Reusch's Moraine" a Precambrian conglomerate of glacial origin in the Varanger Fjord, a view confirmed by A. Strahan in 1896, who found glacial striations on the rocks beneath the ancient boulder-bed. Reusch has likewise thrown light on the later geological periods, on the Pleistocene glacial phenomena and on the sculpturing of the scenery of Norway.[4]

In 1877 Reusch founded a popular science magazine, Naturen.[5] He edited it for the first four years.[5] Among his separate publications were Silurfossiler og pressede Konglomerater (1882) and Det nordlige Norges Geologi (1891). He chaired the Norwegian Geographical Society from 1898 to 1903, and from 1907 to 1909. In 1900 he was among the founders of the Norwegian association of book artwork (Foreningen for norsk bokkunst). In 1907, his honorary doctorate was awarded at Oxford University. In 1922, he served as the first chairman of the Norwegian Association of Bibliophiles (Bibliofiklubben).[6][7][8]

Reusch died at Hvalstad Station while attempting to enter a train. At the time of his death, his large private library of books encompassed 12 000 volumes. He is commemorated by the Reusch Medal, awarded by the Norwegian Geological Society. Reusch Glacier in Antarctica, Reuschhalvøya and Reuschfjellet on Svalbard were also named in his honor.[9][10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Haakon Fossen. "Hans Henrik Reusch". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved January 1, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Courses Under Dr. Reusch". The Harvard Crimson. October 6, 1897. Retrieved January 1, 2017. 
  3. ^ "Sturgis Hooper Professors of Geology at Harvard University". Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 44, No. 2, p. 43. Retrieved January 1, 2017. 
  4. ^ "Hans Henrik Reuch". Preus museum. Retrieved January 1, 2017. 
  5. ^ a b Thomas F. Glick; Elinor Shaffer (22 May 2014). The Literary and Cultural Reception of Charles Darwin in Europe. A&C Black. p. 183. ISBN 978-1-78093-712-0. Retrieved 18 February 2017. 
  6. ^ Inge Bryhni. "Hans Henrik Reusch". Norsk biografisk leksikon. Retrieved January 1, 2017. 
  7. ^ Katrine Kalleklev. "bokkunst – historikk". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved January 1, 2017. 
  8. ^ Wilhelm Munthe. "Foreningen for norsk bokkunst". Typografi I Norge. Retrieved January 1, 2017. 
  9. ^ "Reuschhalvøya (Svalbard)". Norsk Polarinstitutt. Retrieved January 1, 2017. 
  10. ^ "Reuschfjellet (Svalbard)". Norsk Polarinstitutt. Retrieved January 1, 2017. 

Note[edit]

External links[edit]