Hans Henrik Jæger (2 September 1854, Drammen, Norway – 8 February 1910, Oslo) was a Norwegian writer, philosopher and anarchist political activist who was part of the Oslo (then Kristiania)-based bohemian group known as the Kristiania Bohemians. In 1886 he was prosecuted for his book Fra Kristiania-bohêmen, then convicted and sentenced to 60 days' imprisonment and a fine of 80 kr for infringement of modesty and public morals, and for blasphemy. He also lost his position as a stenographer at the Parliament of Norway. Jæger was defended in court by barrister Ludvig Meyer.. He and other bohemians tried to live by the nine commandments he had formulated in Fra Kristiania-bohêmen.
The following year he was forced to flee Norway. He had been sentenced to 150 more days in prison after the Norwegian government learned that he had sent 300 copies of Fra Kristiania-bohêmen to Sweden under the pretense that it was a volume of Christmas stories.
He was a friend of Edvard Munch and was the subject of one of Munch's paintings, swiftly painted in the rented room of one of Munch's friends.
Hans Jæger maintained that sexuality should be unrestricted in relationships, arguing that the traditional values of marriage and social class encroached on personal freedom and fulfillment. Jæger asserted that the institution of marriage should be abolished and that there should be "full sexual freedom between the sexes in the same social class." 
- Kants fornuftskritik (Kant's critique of pure reason) 1878
- Olga (play) 1883
- En intellektuel Forførelse (play) (An Intellectual Seduction) 1884
- Fra Kristiania-bohêmen (From the Christiania Bohemians) 1885
- Julefortællinger av Hans Jæger (Christmas Stories by Hans Jæger, in reality the second volume of From the Christiania Bohemians) 1886
- Albertine (with Christian Krohg) 1886
- Min forsvarstale i høyesterett (My Defence Speech in the Supreme Court) 1886
- Kristianiabilleder (Images of Christiania) 1888
- Novelletter (Short Stories) 1889
- Bohemens erotiske bekjennelser (The Erotic Confessions of the Bohemians)
- Syk kjærlihet (part 1 of 3) 1893 (Twisted Love)
- Bekjendelser (part 2 of 3) 1902 (Confessions)
- Fængsel og fortvilelse (part 3 of 3) 1903 (Prison and Despair)
- Anarkiets bibel (The Bible of Anarchism) 1906
- Socialismens ABC (written between 1906-1910, never finished) (The ABC of Socialism)
- Henriksen, Petter (ed.). "Hans Jæger". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 13 September 2011.
- Jensen, Lill-Ann. "Hans Jæger". In Helle, Knut. Norsk biografisk leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 13 September 2011.
- Henriksen, Petter (ed.). "Ludvig Meyer". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 13 September 2011.
- Terjesen, Einar A. "Ludvig Meyer". In Helle, Knut. Norsk biografisk leksikon (in Norwegian). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved 13 September 2011.
- Anarchy Archives
- "'Jæger: en rekonstruksjon, a biography by Ketil Bjørnstad
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- Works by or about Hans Jæger at Internet Archive
- Hans Jæger Page at the Anarchist Encyclopedia
- Digitized books by Jæger in the National Library of Norway
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