Hans von Boineburg-Lengsfeld

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Hans von Boineburg-Lengsfeld
Born9 June 1889
Died20 November 1980(1980-11-20) (aged 91)
Allegiance German Empire
 Weimar Republic
 Nazi Germany
Service/branchArmy
RankGeneralleutnant
Commands held4th Panzer Division
23rd Panzer Division
Battles/warsWorld War I

World War II

AwardsKnight's Cross of the Iron Cross
Hochheim, Aichgasse 3, Wappen Boineburg.JPG

Hans von Boineburg-Lengsfeld (9 June 1889 – 20 November 1980) was a German general in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany who commanded the 4th and 23rd Panzer Divisions during World War II. He was also a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross of Nazi Germany.

Biography[edit]

Born in Thuringia, Boineburg-Lengsfeld joined the army of Imperial Germany as an Fahnen-junker (officer cadet) in 1910. He was commissioned in the light infantry and fought in World War I. In the interwar period, he served in the Reichsheer and then the Wehrmacht. He led the 1st Rifle Regiment from 1938 to 1939 before being given command of the 4th Schützen (Rifle) Brigade[1] of the 4th Panzer Division which fought in the Invasion of Poland. He temporarily commanded the division for a few days in May 1940, during the campaign in Holland,[2] and was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross on 19 July 1940. Now an oberst (colonel),[3] a more substantive period in command of the 4th Panzer Division followed from late July to September 1940.[2] He was then transferred to the 7th Panzer Division, serving occupation duty in France and then in Russia during Operation Barbarossa,[4] as commander of its 7th Schützen Brigade.[1]

When the 23rd Panzer Division was formed in September 1941, Boineburg-Lengsfeld was appointed its commander. He was promoted to generalmajor[Note 1] shortly afterwards.[1] He led the division during the Battle of the Caucasus but was relieved of command during the "Reichel Case", when plans for Case Blue, the codename for the Wehrmacht's summer offensive in Southern Russia, were lost to the Soviets.[6] However, when his successor as commander, Generalmajor Erwin Mack, was killed in action, he returned as the division's permanent leader. In late December 1942, having received a promotion to generalleutnant[Note 2] a few weeks earlier, he was injured as a result of an accident with a tank. With several broken bones, he underwent an extended period in hospital.[1]

After recovering from his injuries, Boineburg-Lengsfeld was made the commandant of greater Paris. When that city was captured by the Allies in August 1944, he took a post at OB West. His participation in the 20 July plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler went undetected and he ended the war at Bergen, as its area commander. He died on 20 November 1980 in Felsberg.[1]

Notes[edit]

Footnotes

  1. ^ In the Wehrmacht, the rank of generalmajor is equivalent to that of brigadier general in the United States Army.[5]
  2. ^ The rank of generalleutnant is equivalent to that of major general in the United States Army.[5]

Citations

  1. ^ a b c d e Mitcham 2007, p. 171.
  2. ^ a b Mitcham 2007, pp. 59–60.
  3. ^ Fellgiebel 2000, p. 118.
  4. ^ Mitcham 2007, pp. 80–81.
  5. ^ a b Mitcham 2007, p. 257.
  6. ^ Adam & Ruhle 2015, p. 23.

References[edit]

  • Adam, Wilhelm; Ruhle, Otto (2015). With Paulus at Stalingrad. Translated by Tony Le Tissier. Pen and Sword Books. ISBN 9781473833869.
  • Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer (2000) [1986]. Die Träger des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939–1945 — Die Inhaber der höchsten Auszeichnung des Zweiten Weltkrieges aller Wehrmachtteile [The Bearers of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939–1945 — The Owners of the Highest Award of the Second World War of all Wehrmacht Branches] (in German). Friedberg, Germany: Podzun-Pallas. ISBN 978-3-7909-0284-6.
  • Mitcham, Samuel W., Jr (2007). Panzer Legions: A Guide to the German Army Tank Divisions of WWII and Their Commanders. Mechanicsburg, PA, United States: Stackpole Books. ISBN 978-0-8117-3353-3.
Military offices
Preceded by
Generalmajor Johann Stever
Commander of 4th Panzer Division
24 July 1940 – 8 September 1940
Succeeded by
General der Panzertruppe Willibald Freiherr von Langermann und Erlencamp
Preceded by
None
Commander of 23rd Panzer Division
25 September 1941 – 20 July 1942
Succeeded by
Generalmajor Erwin Mack
Preceded by
Oberst Erich Brueckner
Commander of 23rd Panzer Division
September 1942 – 26 December 1942
Succeeded by
General der Panzertruppe Nikolaus von Vormann