Hans Renold

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Hans Renold by William H. Myers

Hans Renold (31 July 1852 - 2 May 1943) was a Swiss/British engineer, inventor and industrialist in Britain, who founded the Renold manufacturing textile-chain making business in 1879, and with Alexander Hamilton Church[1][2] is credited for introducing scientific management also known as Taylorism to England.[3][4]

Biography[edit]

Renold was born in Aarau, Switzerland into a burgher family of that town. He attended the polytechnic school in Zurich, then worked in a drawing office in St. Denis, Seine, France.

Renold came to London, England, and soon after to Manchester, Lancashire, in 1873 at the age of 21 and found work with a firm of machinery exporters.

In 1879, with £300 borrowed from his prospective father-in-law, Renold purchased a small textile-chain making business in Salford, Lancashire, from James Slater and started the Hans Renold business.

Hans Renold and his first wife Mary Susan Herford (1855-1919), were married in 1880, and had six children: Mary Katharine Renold, Charles Garonne Renold, Amy Madeleine Renold, Mary Robberds Renold (died young), Hans Herford Renold (died young) and Austen Hugh Renold. He remarried to Rowena Hague Pigott (1874-1962) in 1923.

Work[edit]

Soon after starting the business in 1879, in 1880 Hans Renold invented the Bush Roller chain. This represented a great advance on the common pin-and-link chains of the day and laid the design foundation upon which all modern precision roller chains are based. The firm immediately extended its business from textile chains into cycle chains for the new safety bicycle invented by J. K. Starkey.

Renold was not only a brilliant engineer and a model employer who built around him a very skilled labour force, but was also a very astute businessman. His business prospered and he steadily ploughed back his growing profits into premises and plant. He moved the business to Brook Street, Manchester in 1881. In 1889 a rapid expansion of the business took place and a new factory, Progess Works, was built in Brook Street. In 1906, Hans Renold planned and started construction of Renold Works on open land at Burnage, five miles to the south of Manchester.

Renold had long been devoted to the ideal of establishing a firm sense of community among his employees and their families and in 1909 gave his active support to the establishment of the Hans Renold Social Union for the encouragement of a wide range of leisure activities.

After his death in 1943, Priestnall Hey, his former home in Heaton Mersey adjacent to Renold Works at Burnage, was presented by his son for the use of the Social Union.

Hans Renold Limited was formed as a private limited company in 1903. It merged with The Coventry Chain Company Limited and was registered as a public limited company named Renold and Coventry Chain Company Limited in 1930. It was renamed Renold Ltd. in 1967, and later became Renold PLC. Nowadays the company still bears his name.[5]

Patents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Boyns, Trevor (June 2003). "In memoriam: Alexander Hamilton Church's system of 'scientific machine rates' at Hans Renold Ltd., c.1901 - c.1920". The Accounting Historians Journal. 30 (1): 3–44. 
  2. ^ Boyns, Trevor (2001). "Hans and Charles Renold: entrepreneurs in the introduction of scientific management techniques in Britain". Management Decision. 39 (9): 719–728. doi:10.1108/00251740110408737. ISSN 0025-1747. 
  3. ^ Urwick, Lyndall Fownes, and Edward Franz Leopold Brech. The making of scientific management. Vol. 2. Management publications trust, 1945.
  4. ^ Richard Vangermeersch (1996) "Church, Alexander Hamilton (1866-1936." In History of Accounting: An International Encyclopedia, edited by Michael Chatfield and Richard Vangermeersch. New York: Garland Publishing, 1996. p. 124.
  5. ^ History of Renolds at renold.com. Accessed 11.2014.

External links[edit]