Hans Rosling

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Hans Rosling
Hans Rosling 2012 Shankbone.JPG
Rosling at the 2012 Time 100 gala
Born (1948-07-27)27 July 1948
Uppsala, Sweden
Died 7 February 2017(2017-02-07) (aged 68)
Uppsala, Sweden
Nationality Swedish
Institutions Karolinska Institutet
Alma mater Uppsala University
St. John's Medical College
Thesis Cassava, Cyanide, and Epidemic Spastic Paraparesis: A Study in Mozambique on Dietary Cyanide Exposure (1986)
Known for Video lectures on global health [1]
Notable awards The World's 100 Most Influential People: 2012 [2]
Grierson Awards - Best Science Documentary: 2011 [3]
Honorary chieftainship - Liberia [1]
Spouse Agneta Thordeman (m. 1972)
Children 3 (including Ola Rosling)
Website
https://www.gapminder.org/

Hans Rosling Swedish pronunciation: [hɑːns ²ruːslɪŋ] (27 July 1948 – 7 February 2017) was a Swedish physician, academic, statistician, and public speaker. He was the Professor of International Health at Karolinska Institute[4] and was the co-founder and chairman of the Gapminder Foundation, which developed the Trendalyzer software system. He held presentations around the world, including several TED Talks[5] in which he promoted the use of data to explore development issues.[6]

Biography[edit]

Rosling was born in Uppsala, Sweden, on 27 July 1948.[7] From 1967 to 1974 Rosling studied statistics and medicine at Uppsala University, and in 1972 he studied public health at St. John's Medical College, Bangalore, India. He became a licensed physician in 1976 and from 1979 to 1981 he served as District Medical Officer in Nacala in northern Mozambique. On 21 August 1981, Rosling began investigating an outbreak of konzo, a paralytic disease first described in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.[8][9][10] His investigations earned him a Ph.D. at Uppsala University in 1986.[10]

Rosling presented the television documentary The Joy of Stats, which was broadcast in the United Kingdom by BBC Four in December 2010.[11] He presented a documentary Don't Panic — The Truth about Population for the This World series using a Musion 3D projection display,[12] which appeared on BBC Two in the UK in November 2013.[13] In 2015, he presented the documentary Don't Panic: How to End Poverty in 15 Years, which was produced by Wingspan and aired on the BBC just ahead of the announcement of the UN's Sustainable Development Goals.[14][15]

Rosling was a sword swallower, as demonstrated in the final moments of his second talk at the TED conference.[16] In 2009 he was listed as one of 100 leading global thinkers by Foreign Policy,[17] and in 2011 as one of 100 most creative people in business by Fast Company.[18] In 2011 he was elected member of the Swedish Academy of Engineering Sciences and in 2012 as member of the Swedish Academy of Sciences.[19] He was included in the Time 100 list of the world's 100 most influential people in 2012.[20]

Personal health and death[edit]

When he was 20, doctors told Rosling that there was something wrong with his liver and as a consequence Rosling stopped drinking alcohol. In 1989, Rosling was diagnosed with hepatitis C. Over the years this progressed and Rosling developed liver cirrhosis. In the beginning of 2013 he was in early stages of liver failure. However, at the same time new hepatitis C drugs were released and Rosling went to Japan to buy the drugs needed for curing the infection. He expressed concerns in media over the restricted use of the new drugs due to high costs, stating that it is a crime to not give every person with hepatitis C access to the drugs.[21][22][23]

A year after being diagnosed with pancreatic cancer, Rosling died in Sweden on 7th February, 2017 at the age of 68.[6][24][25]

Work in healthcare and statistics[edit]

Rosling spent two decades studying outbreaks of konzo in remote rural areas across Africa and supervised more than ten PhD students.[26] His work with Julie Cliff, Johannes Mårtensson, Per Lundqvist, and Bo Sörbo found that outbreaks occur among hunger-stricken rural populations in Africa where a diet dominated by insufficiently processed cassava results in simultaneous malnutrition and high dietary cyanide intake.[10][27]

Rosling's research also focused on other links between economic development, agriculture, poverty and health.[28] He was a health adviser to WHO, UNICEF and several aid agencies. In 1993 he was one of the initiators of Médecins Sans Frontières in Sweden.[29] At Karolinska Institutet he was head of the Division of International Health (IHCAR) from 2001 to 2007. As chairman of the Karolinska International Research and Training Committee (1998–2004) he started health research collaborations with universities in Asia, Africa, the Middle East and Latin America. He started new courses on Global Health and co-authored a textbook on Global Health that promotes a fact-based world view.[30]

Alongside Steven Pinker, Rosling has been criticized as being Pollyannaist about the global situation in the face of tragedies such as the conflict in Syria.[8] His work on population growth has been roundly criticised by Paul R. Ehrlich, the U.S. biologist and Professor of Population Studies at Stanford University, and Anne H. Ehrlich, associate director of the Center for Conservation Biology at Stanford University, referring to him as "A Confused Statistician" in an article published online by the MAHB.[31]

Trendalyzer and Gapminder[edit]

Hans Rosling narrates 'Why Boat Refugees Don't Fly! – Factpod 16'. A video about the European refugee/migrant crisis produced by the Gapminder Foundation

Rosling's son, Ola Rosling, built the Trendalyzer software to animate data compiled by the UN and the World Bank that helped him explain the world with graphics.[8] Rosling co-founded the Gapminder Foundation together with his son Ola and daughter-in-law Anna Rosling Rönnlund to develop Trendalyzer to convert international statistics into moving, interactive graphics. The provocative presentations that have resulted have made him famous.[8] and his lectures using Gapminder graphics to visualise world development have won awards.[32] The interactive animations are freely available from the Foundation's website.

In March 2007 Google acquired the Trendalyzer software with the intention to scale it up and make it freely available for public statistics. In 2008 Google made available a Motion Chart Google Gadget and in 2009 the Public Data Explorer.[33]

Awards[edit]

Selected publications[edit]

External video
Hans Rosling swallows sword.jpg
The Best Stats You've Ever Seen[39]
Hans Rosling: Religions and babies[40]
How Not to Be Ignorant About the World[41] All from TED Talks
  • Thorson, A.; Ragnarsson, A.; Rosling, H.; Ekström, A. (2010). "Male circumcision reduces HIV transmission. The risk of transmission from woman to man is halved". Lakartidningen. 107 (46): 2881–2883. PMID 21197783. 
  • Hanson, S.; Thorson, A.; Rosling, H.; Örtendahl, C.; Hanson, C.; Killewo, J.; Ekström, A. M. (2009). Husereau, Don, ed. "Estimating the Capacity for ART Provision in Tanzania with the Use of Data on Staff Productivity and Patient Losses". PLoS ONE. 4 (4): e5294. PMC 2667213Freely accessible. PMID 19381270. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0005294. 
  • Von Schreeb, J.; Riddez, L.; Samnegård, H.; Rosling, H. (2008). "Foreign field hospitals in the recent sudden-onset disasters in Iran, Haiti, Indonesia, and Pakistan". Prehospital and disaster medicine : the official journal of the National Association of EMS Physicians and the World Association for Emergency and Disaster Medicine in association with the Acute Care Foundation. 23 (2): 144–151; discussion 151–3. PMID 18557294. 
  • Schell, C. O.; Reilly, M.; Rosling, H.; Peterson, S.; Ekström, A. M. (2007). "Socioeconomic determinants of infant mortality: A worldwide study of 152 low-, middle-, and high-income countries". Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. 35 (3): 288–297. PMID 17530551. doi:10.1080/14034940600979171. 
  • Von Schreeb, J.; Rosling, H.; Garfield, R. (2007). "Mortality in Iraq". The Lancet. 369 (9556): 101. PMID 17223462. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(07)60058-0. 
  • Elrayah, H.; Eltom, M.; Bedri, A.; Belal, A.; Rosling, H.; Ostenson, C. (2005). "Economic burden on families of childhood type 1 diabetes in urban Sudan". Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice. 70 (2): 159–165. PMID 15919129. doi:10.1016/j.diabres.2005.03.034. 
  • Thanh, H. T. T.; Jiang, G. X.; Van, T. N.; Minh, D. P. T.; Rosling, H.; Wasserman, D. (2005). "Attempted suicide in Hanoi, Vietnam". Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. 40 (1): 64–71. PMID 15624077. doi:10.1007/s00127-005-0849-6. 
  • Rosling, H. (2004). "New map of world health is needed. North and South is changed to healthy and ill and West to rich and poor". Lakartidningen. 101 (3): 198–201. PMID 14763091. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Maxmen, Amy (2016). "Three minutes with Hans Rosling will change your mind about the world". Nature. 540 (7633): 330–333. ISSN 0028-0836. doi:10.1038/540330a. 
  2. ^ Christakis, Nicholas A. (2012-04-18). "Hans Rosling - The World's 100 Most Influential People: 2012 - TIME". Time. ISSN 0040-781X. Retrieved 2017-02-17. 
  3. ^ "The Grierson Trust - Winners". www.griersontrust.org. Retrieved 2017-02-17. 
  4. ^ "Hans Rosling". Karolinska Institutet. Professor of Public Health Science at the Department of Public Health Sciences since 1997 
  5. ^ "Hans Rosling". Ted.com. Retrieved 7 February 2017. 
  6. ^ a b "Sad to announce: Hans Rosling passed away this morning". Gapminder Foundation. 7 February 2017. Retrieved 7 February 2017. 
  7. ^ "Hans Rosling: Asia's rise – how and when". TED Conferences. November 2009. Retrieved 6 December 2009. 
  8. ^ a b c d "Three minutes with Hans Rosling will change your mind about the world". 540. Nature: 330–333. doi:10.1038/540330a. Retrieved 27 December 2016. 
  9. ^ Trolli, G (1938). "Paraplégie spastique épidémique,'Konzo'des indigènes du Kwango". Résumé des observations réunies, au Kwango. Brussels. 
  10. ^ a b c Howlett, W. P.; Brubaker, G. R.; Mlingi, N.; Rosling, H. (1990). "Konzo, an Epidemic Upper Motor Neuron Disease Studied in Tanzania". Brain. 113: 223–235. PMID 2302534. doi:10.1093/brain/113.1.223. 
  11. ^ "The Joy of Stats". BBC Four. Archived from the original on 2 December 2010. 
  12. ^ "BBC – Hans Rosling returns to BBC for series of programmes on population – Media Centre". Retrieved 23 September 2015. 
  13. ^ "Don't Panic – The Truth About Population". BBC Two. Archived from the original on 5 November 2013. Retrieved 8 November 2013. 
  14. ^ "This World, Don't Panic – How to End Poverty in 15 Years". BBC iPlayer. Retrieved 26 September 2015. 
  15. ^ The Gapminder's website lists information on the empirical data and research used as the basis for the documentary "Don’t Panic, How to End Poverty": http://www.gapminder.org/news/data-sources-dont-panic-end-poverty/ The sources used are World Bank data, Overseas Development Institute data, research results by Branko Milanovic, Our World in Data, and information from the Demographic and Health Surveys program. The research team included Hans Rosling, Max Roser, and Ola Rosling.
  16. ^ "Hans Rosling's new insights on poverty". TED Conferences. March 2007. Archived from the original on 25 February 2009. Retrieved 6 December 2009. 
  17. ^ "Top 100 Global Thinkers 2009". Foreign Policy. December 2009. Archived from the original on 1 December 2009. Retrieved 16 May 2010. 
  18. ^ "100 Most Creative in Business 2011". Fast Company. May 2011. Archived from the original on 21 May 2011. Retrieved 23 May 2011. 
  19. ^ "Hans Rosling is 2014 Bartels World Affairs Fellow | Cornell Chronicle". www.news.cornell.edu. Retrieved 7 February 2017. 
  20. ^ a b "Hans Rosling: Data visionary and educator dies aged 68". BBC News. 7 February 2017. 
  21. ^ Hans Rosling om sin egen hepatit C-behandling – Nyhetsmorgon (TV4). 9 July 2014 – via YouTube. 
  22. ^ "Hans Rosling: läkare måste stå upp för sina hepatitpatienter". 
  23. ^ "Nu kan hepatit C botas – men många får vänta". DN.SE. 
  24. ^ "Hans Rosling är död – DN.SE". DN.SE (in Swedish). 7 February 2017. Retrieved 7 February 2017. 
  25. ^ Gerretsen, Isabelle (7 February 2017). "Hans Rosling dead: 'Jedi master of data' dies at 68". ibtimes.co.uk. Retrieved 7 February 2017. 
  26. ^ "April 28: A Conversation with Global Health Expert Hans Rosling". globalnotes.hhh.umn.edu. Retrieved 7 February 2017. 
  27. ^ Cliff, J.; Martensson, J.; Lundquist, P.; Rosling, H.; Sorbo, B. (1985). "Association of high cyanide and low sulphur intake in cassava induced spastic paraparesis". Lancet. 11: 1211–1213. PMID 2866292. doi:10.1016/s0140-6736(85)90742-1. 
  28. ^ Hans Rosling (2006). Global Health: An Introductory Textbook. Studentlitteratur AB, Sweden. ISBN 91-44-02198-4. 
  29. ^ "Hans Rosling: ‘No such thing as Swedish values’ – The Local". Retrieved 27 September 2015. 
  30. ^ Nathanson, Neal (2011). "BOOK REVIEW: A comparison of five introductory textbooks in global health" (PDF). Global Public Health. 6 (2): 210–219. 
  31. ^ "A Confused Statistician". MAHB, the University of Technology Sydney, and the Millennium Alliance for Humanity and the Biosphere. Retrieved 27 December 2016. 
  32. ^ "Awards". Gapminder. Archived from the original on 17 January 2009. 
  33. ^ "Public data explorer". Google. April 2010. Retrieved 16 May 2010. 
  34. ^ "Dr. Hans Rosling". The Gannon Award. 
  35. ^ "Hans Rosling, 2012 Humanitarian Award". Harvard Foundation. Retrieved 23 February 2017. 
  36. ^ "Hans Rosling one of four new honorary doctors at Faculty of Science and Technology – Uppsala University, Sweden". www.uu.se. Retrieved 3 February 2016. 
  37. ^ "2014 Medals and Awards". www.rgs.org. Retrieved 9 February 2017. 
  38. ^ "Sweden’s Hans Rosling, Niger NGO Win 2017 UN Population Award | UNFPA - United Nations Population Fund". www.unfpa.org. Retrieved 2017-07-03. 
  39. ^ "The Best Stats You've Ever Seen". TED Talks. February 2006. Retrieved 4 October 2015. 
  40. ^ "Hans Rosling: Religions and babies". TED Talks. April 2012. Retrieved 4 October 2015. 
  41. ^ "How Not to Be Ignorant About the World". TED Talks. February 2014. Retrieved 4 October 2015. 

External links[edit]