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Type of site
Online magazine
Available inNorwegian AS
EditorHans Rustad
Launched14 January 2003 is a Norwegian right-wing, conservative[1][2] online magazine[3][4] that describes itself as focusing on politics, public debate, media criticism and culture. The website espouses views that are critical towards Islam[5][6] and immigration,[7][8] and supportive of Israel[9] and the United States.[10] Some have labelled the site Islamophobic,[11][12][13] but the Norwegian Centre Against Racism considers it only sometimes Islamophobic,[14] while others consider it to be within legitimate political debate.[15][16][17][18][7] The National Library of Norway classifies it as a web periodical focusing on culture, politics and political science.[19] Document originally began as a small publishing company,[7] and in addition to books[3] it has also published a printed periodical starting in 2013.[20] The website was launched in 2003, and is owned by the limited company with the same name. The founder and editor is Hans Rustad (born 1950), a former journalist for the news agency NTB.[21][22][23]

The website played a key part in exposing the blasphemy bill proposed by the Norwegian government in 2009, and the "Roma woman" feature by public service broadcaster NRK in 2013.

History and impact[edit] began publishing as a blog on 14 January 2003. It moved from having the form of a blog to being a news site, as more authors as Christian Skaug and Nina Hjerpset-Østlie joined the editorial team. Today it is referred to as an online magazine.[3][4] Other contributors includes journalist and former resistance member Ragnar Ulstein.[24]

By 2011 the website reached an audience of up to 40,000 unique visitors every week.[25] The website reached 145,000 unique monthly visitors in December 2014,[26] and nearly 270 000 unique visitors in September 2016.[27] received global media attention in July 2011 as it turned out that terrorist Anders Behring Breivik had posted user comments on the site.[28] In 2015, Wales-based blogger Hanne Tolg was investigated for alleged anti-Islamic posts on the site. Tolg subsequently quit her job at a fire service in North Wales and joined the site on a full-time basis.[29] Verdens Gang writer Anders Giæver described this as a "Kafkaesque process" that followed "targeting" from online forums, Facebook groups, and RationalWiki .[30] In 2016, Tolg's articles twice topped the list of most-shared articles on social media in Norway.[31]

Government blasphemy bill[edit]

The website has been cited as the main player when for the first time in Norwegian history, in 2009 "bloggers" were credited for successfully setting the national political agenda. had criticized a government "blasphemy bill", a proposed extension of §185 with regards to "hate speech so that the provision protects the need for a criminal law protection against qualified attack on religions and belief." The proposed bill was met with nearly no exposure in the mainstream media, until close to a month later, although it had been criticizised as an attack on democracy in Danish newspapers. Eventually the bill became criticized as attacking freedom of speech, and an online petition against it was supported by numerous notable figures and organisations in Norway. The pressure caused the government to later retract the proposal.[32][33][34]

NRK "Roma woman" feature[edit]

Nina Hjerpset-Østlie, writing for was the first to break a scandal regarding an eight-minute news feature about a Roma woman in the public service broadcaster NRK in January 2013. In the NRK-feature, Roma woman Mirela Mustata was presented as a victim of Norwegian law system prejudice against Roma people, however could report that the woman who was presented as a victim had actually been convicted for co-conspiring to the rape of her own 11-year-old daughter, having received payment for it. It was later found that NRK had been aware of this, but chose not to report it in the feature because it, according to them, would make the case too complicated.[35] The case was gradually rolled up by other commentators and gained widespread reporting in mainstream media, causing a major scandal for NRK.[3][17][36][37] NRK later apologized for broadcasting the feature.[38]


Media and commentators[edit]

The site has been described by Aftenposten as "an Islam-critical and Israel-friendly, so-called blue-blog",[9] and by Dagbladet as "Islam-critical and socially conservative."[1] Klassekampen has described it as a "leading online magazine" and has criticized it for not being transparent about the founding,[18] and among the political right's "most important arenas for debate" around immigration and Islam.[3] The Norwegian Centre Against Racism has described it as "the closest to an intellectual arena of debate" around the same topics for many on the political far right.[14]

Helge Øgrim, editor of Journalisten, the journal of the Norwegian Union of Journalists, in July 2011 described as an "anti-immigrant forum which has evolved into a hotbed of galloping Islamophobia,"[39] but later backtracked in a comment on, stating that he might have gone too far in his criticism of Rustad.[40] Lars Gule described it in The Vancouver Sun as "a far-right web forum" that is "dominated by Islamophobic and anti-immigration commentary",[41] while the conservative Muslim commentator Mohammad Usman Rana has called it "a right-wing populist and Muslimphobic interest group".[42] Writer on right-wing extremism Øyvind Strømmen however rejects that the website is far-right, instead describing the authors as "socially conservative immigration-opponents".[2] The Swedish Expo has described it as "right-wing radical and Islamophobic",[11] but according to the Norwegian Centre Against Racism, although the website includes strong criticism of immigration and Islam, it cannot be labelled far-right or outright Islamophobic even if it on occasion has published texts considered Islamophobic.[14]

According to Klassekampen, others have praised the site for being "a serious and fact-based website" for criticism of Islam.[18] The New York Times has described as "a popular conservative Website."[43] Yvonne Rundberg Savosnick, the former chairman of the Norwegian Union of Jewish Students, mentioned the site in a 2009 feature with the student newspaper at the University of Oslo, Universitas, because of its "critical view of the Norwegian press," although she stateed that she "rarely agreed with everything" on the website.[44] Author and former Aschehoug editor Halvor Fosli has expressed support for many of the website's positions, and has been involved in some limited publishing cooperation.[3] Elin Ørjasæter in 2013 wrote that the site includes "journalistic pearls and fresh revelations".[18] Aftenposten columnist Bjørn Stærk in 2013 described as "one of Norway's most important media", and as "obligatory reading" for everyone wanting to follow the immigration-debate.[17][18]

In 2011, Hans Rustad complained to the Professional Committee of the Press over an article in the local newspaper Eidsvoll Ullensaker Blad, which described Rustad as a chief exponent of the "brown goo", stating that "it does not matter what the spill call themselves, this is very similar to Nazism" and concluding that "we do not want Behring Breivik, Rustad and other nutjobs to set the agenda". The committee criticized the article, emphasizing that it mostly discouraged the use of the term "Nazi" when referring to individuals.[45]

Anders Behring Breivik[edit]

Anders Behring Breivik, the perpetrator of the 2011 Norway attacks, posted numerous posts on (mainly in 2009) and praised the founder Hans Rustad.[46] He also attended an open meeting of "Documents venner" (Friends of Document), affiliated with the website, in the fall of 2009.[47] Breivik reportedly sought to start a Norwegian version of the Tea Party movement in cooperation with the owners of, who initially expressed interest but ultimately turned down his proposal because he did not have the contacts he promised.[46] Breivik eventually became disaffected with the website because he found it to be too moderate for his views.[3] When Breivik was named as the arrested, the website became unreachable due to an extreme increase in traffic.[48] Rustad expressed bleakness with inevitably having to be associated with Breivik, while maintaining that Breivik had disguised his extremist views through relatively moderate, non-violent user comments (which were compiled and made available on the site).[46]

Guest articles[edit]

In 2013 Bjørn Stærk, a columnist in Aftenposten, said that the most controversial contents of the website

"are the guest articles. Geert Wilders has had several articles. Julia Cæsar had an article about African immigrants' low intelligence. Critics use this as evidence that the editorial board of Document are racists and haters of Islam. At the same time there is nothing in the commentaries by the website's permanent writers, which indicate this".[17]


  1. ^ a b Dagbladet 4 February 2009, "Bloggere senket regjeringens blasfemi-forslag"
  2. ^ a b Are Vogt Moum. "Nyttig bok – men det viktigste mangler". Utrop. 15 April 2012.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "På vei til". Klassekampen. 22 January 2014.
  4. ^ a b "Fra blogg til nettavis". Journalisten. 3 September 2008.
  5. ^ "Terror in Norwegen - Das Netzwerk der Hass-Blogger". Der Standard. 26 July 2011. Retrieved 26 July 2011.
  6. ^ "Norvège: Anders Behring Breivik aurait copié-collé des textes de Kaczynski, dit Unabomber". Retrieved 24 July 2011.
  7. ^ a b c Lars Akerhaug. "Fortsatt kontrær". Minerva. 7 January 2014.
  8. ^
  9. ^ a b Henmo, Ola (20 February 2009). "Dynamittgubben". Aftenposten, A-magasinet (in Norwegian). p. 20.
  10. ^
  11. ^ a b Expo: Expert: 10 000 kan dela Breiviks världsbild
  12. ^ ETC: Lars Vilks stödtalar för Breivik-hyllare
  13. ^ Dagbladet: Voldelig islamofobi
  14. ^ a b c Shoaib Sultan; Rune Berglund Steen (June 2014). "Høyreekstremisme i Norge" (PDF). Norwegian Centre Against Racism: 20. At times, the website can lie close to Islamophobia and publish Islamophobic texts, but the editorial team behind the website has to a large extent attempted to mark a line about where the distinctions between Islam-criticism and Islamophobia goes [...] to label the website as far-right or onesidedly Islamophobic would however be wrong.
  15. ^ Shakeel Rehman. "«Document er ikke rasister»". Aftenposten. 20 December 2013. [1]
  16. ^ Gunnar Stavrum (editor). " - elsket og hatet". Nettavisen. 18 December 2013.
  17. ^ a b c d Bjørn Stærk (18 December 2013). "Går alene mot strømmen". Aftenposten. p. 41.
  18. ^ a b c d e "– Vis kortene". Klassekampen. 23 January 2014.
  19. ^ " : politisk analyse, kulturdebatt, mediekritikk" (in Norwegian). National Library of Norway. Archived from the original on 15 March 2012. Retrieved 4 July 2010.
  20. ^
  21. ^ Norge i Dag 21 December 2012, "En ikke-representative elite domminerer nyhetsbildet" Archived 22 February 2013 at
  22. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 26 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-31.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  23. ^ Klassekampen 6 May 2006, "Vil ta friheten i forsvar" Archived 19 December 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  24. ^
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  29. ^ Jez Hemming: North Wales fire service employee quits amid investigation into alleged posts on far-right website, Daily Post Aug 25., downloaded Jan 2, 2017
  30. ^ Giæver, Lars (10 October 2015). "Lønn eller ytringsfrihet?". VG (in Norwegian). Retrieved 22 June 2019.
  31. ^ Norway 2016: Daily top stories Hanne Tolg tops the lists on Dec 24, 2016 and May 27, 2016
  32. ^ Thorenfeldt, Gunnar (4 February 2009). "Bloggere senket regjeringens blasfemi-forslag". Dagbladet (in Norwegian). Retrieved 31 October 2010.
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  36. ^ "Dagsrevyens groteske journalistikk". Dagbladet. 25.01.2013.
  37. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 21 January 2015. Retrieved 2015-01-21.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
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  39. ^ "Retter krass kritikk mot nettsted". Aftenposten (in Norwegian). 24 July 2011. Retrieved 24 July 2011.
  40. ^ "Ikke en gang Åsne Seierstad". (in Norwegian). 6 September 2011. Retrieved 8 May 2012.
  41. ^ Peter O'Neil (27 July 2011). "Expert says he confronted mass murderer Anders Behring Breivik about his views". The Vancouver Sun. Archived from the original on 2013-01-18. Retrieved 2011-07-27.
  42. ^ Brandvold, Åse (13 March 2009). "– Bare Frp som vinner". Klassekampen (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 17 July 2011. Retrieved 31 October 2010.
  43. ^ "Oslo Suspect Cultivated Parallel Life to Disguise 'Martyrdom Operation'". The New York Times. 24 July 2011. Retrieved 7 September 2011.
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  48. ^ " nede for telling". Retrieved 24 July 2011.

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