Hans van den Broek

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Hans van den Broek
Hans van den Broek 1983.jpg
Hans van den Broek in 1983
European Commissioner for
External Relations
,
Enlargement and European
Neighbourhood Policy
In office
23 January 1995 – 16 September 1999
PresidentJacques Santer (1995–1999)
Manuel Marín (1999)
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byChris Patten
European Commissioner for
External Relations
and Enlargement
In office
6 January 1993 – 23 January 1995
PresidentJacques Delors
Preceded byFrans Andriessen
Succeeded byLeon Brittan
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
4 November 1982 – 3 January 1993
Prime MinisterRuud Lubbers
Preceded byDries van Agt
Succeeded byPieter Kooijmans
State Secretary for Foreign Affairs
In office
11 September 1981 – 4 November 1982
Prime MinisterDries van Agt
Preceded byDurk van der Mei
Succeeded byWim van Eekelen
Member of the House of Representatives
In office
14 September 1989 – 7 November 1989
In office
3 June 1986 – 14 July 1986
In office
16 September 1982 – 4 November 1982
In office
12 October 1976 – 11 September 1981
Parliamentary groupChristian Democratic Appeal
(1980–1989)
Catholic People's Party
(1976–1980)
Personal details
Born
Henri van den Broek

(1936-12-11) 11 December 1936 (age 82)
Paris, France
NationalityDutch
Political partyChristian Democratic Appeal
(from 1980)
Other political
affiliations
Catholic People's Party
(until 1980)
Spouse(s)
Josée van Schendel (m. 1966)
ChildrenPrincess Marilène
(born 1970)
1 other daughter
RelativesPrince Maurits
(son in law)
Princess Margriet
(son-in-law's mother)
ResidenceLochem, Netherlands
Alma materUtrecht University
(Bachelor of Laws, Master of Laws)
OccupationPolitician · Diplomat · Jurist · Lawyer · Prosecutor · Businessman · Corporate director · Nonprofit director · Academic administrator · Media administrator · Lobbyist · Activist
Military service
Allegiance Netherlands
Branch/serviceRoyal Netherlands Army
Years of service1965–1966 (Conscription)
1966–1967 (Reserve)
RankNl-landmacht-kapitein ritmeester.svg Captain
UnitRegiment Huzaren van Boreel

Henri "Hans" van den Broek (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈɦɑ̃ːri ˈɦɑns fɑn dɛm ˈbruk] (About this soundlisten);[1] born 11 December 1936) is a retired Dutch politician and diplomat of the defunct Catholic People's Party (KVP) and later the Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA) party and jurist. He was granted the honorary title of Minister of State on 25 February 2005.

Van den Broek applied at the Utrecht University in June 1959 majoring in Law and obtaining an Bachelor of Laws degree in June 1961 before graduating with an Master of Laws degree in July 1965. Van den Broek worked as a lawyer and prosecutor at Blom & Dutilh in Rotterdam from August 1965 until May 1968 and as a corporate director at the synthetic fiber company ENKA in Arnhem from May 1968 until 12 October 1976. Van den Broek served on the Municipal Council of Rheden from 1 September 1970 until 21 August 1974. Van den Broek became a Member of the House of Representatives after the resignation of Theo van Schaik, taking office on 12 October 1976. After the election of 1981 Van den Broek was appointed as State Secretary for Foreign Affairs in the Cabinet Van Agt II, taking office on 11 September 1981. The Cabinet Van Agt II fell just seven months into its term on 12 May 1982 and continued to serve in a demissionary capacity until it was replaced by the caretaker Cabinet Van Agt III with Van den Broek continuing as State Secretary for Foreign Affairs, taking office on 29 May 1982. After the election of 1982 Van den Broek returned as a Member of the House of Representatives, taking office on 16 September 1982. Following the cabinet formation of 1982 Van den Broek appointed as Minister of Foreign Affairs in the Cabinet Lubbers I, taking office on 4 November 1982. After election of 1986 Van den Broek again returned as a Member of the House of Representatives, taking office on 3 June 1986. Following cabinet formation of 1986 Van den Broek continued as Minister of Foreign Affairs in the Cabinet Lubbers II, taking office on 14 July 1986. The Cabinet Lubbers II fell on 3 May 1989 and continued to serve in a demissionary capacity. After the election of 1989 Van den Broek once again returned as a Member of the House of Representatives, taking office on 14 September 1989. Following the cabinet formation of 1989 Van den Broek remained as Minister of Foreign Affairs in the Cabinet Lubbers III, taking office on 7 November 1989.

In November 1992 Van den Broek was nominated as the next European Commissioner from the Netherlands. Van den Broek was giving the heavy portfolios of External Relations and Enlargement in the Third Delors Commission, he resigned as a Minister of Foreign Affairs on 3 January 1993 and was installed as European Commissioner, taking office on 6 January 1993. In December 1994 Van den Broek was re-nominated as European Commissioner. He kept the portfolios of External Relations and Enlargement and got the additional portfolio of Neighbourhood Policy in the Santer Commission, serving from 23 January 1995 until 16 September 1999.

Van den Broek retired after spending 23 years in national politics and became active in the private sector and public sector and occupied numerous seats as a corporate director and nonprofit director on several boards of directors and supervisory boards (Institute of International Relations Clingendael, Carnegie Foundation, Radio Netherlands Worldwide and the Schiphol Group) and served as an diplomat and lobbyist for several economic delegations on behalf of the government and as an advocate and activist for Human rights, European integration and Nuclear disarmament.

Van den Broek is known for his abilities as a negotiator and debater. Van den Broek continued to comment on political affairs as a statesman until his retirement in 2010 and holds the distinction as the second longest-serving Minister of Foreign Affairs with 10 years, 60 days after World War II. His youngest daughter Princess Marilène is married to Prince Maurits, the oldest son of Princess Margriet the younger sister of former Queen Beatrix.

Early life and education[edit]

Prime Minister Ruud Lubbers, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Margaret Thatcher and Minister of Foreign Affairs Hans van den Broek at the Catshuis on 19 September 1983.
Minister of Foreign Affairs Hans van den Broek, Prime Minister Ruud Lubbers and Minister of Foreign Affairs of Israel Yitzhak Shamir during a meeting in Het Torentje on 28 February 1985.
Minister of Foreign Affairs Hans van den Broek and Pope John Paul II at the Eindhoven Airport on 11 May 1985.

Henri van den Broek was born on 11 December 1936 in Paris in France. His father was Hendrik Johannes van den Broek and his mother was Maria Alberta Antonia Roest.[2]

Van den Broek went to the Roman Catholic secondary school Lyceum voor het Gooi in Hilversum. He studied Dutch law at Utrecht University in Utrecht, where he received his master's degree (Master of Law) in 1965.[2]

Career[edit]

Van den Broek began his career as a lawyer. He joined the Katholieke Volkspartij (KVP) and was member of the municipal council of Rheden between 1970 and 1974. Between 1976 and 1981 he was member of the House of Representatives, the lower house of the Dutch parliament, as representative of the KVP and later of the Christen-Democratisch Appèl (CDA). He was Netherlands Minister for Foreign Affairs in the governments of Ruud Lubbers three times and in 1991 was one of the EU negotiators of the Brioni Agreement, which ended the ten-day war in Slovenia. Major aspects of his time in office included massive demonstration in The Hague (1983) against the planned installation in the Netherlands of nuclear-armed U.S. cruise missiles (which was cancelled after all due to arms reduction talks between the US and the Soviet Union). On 6 January 1993 he became a member of the European Commission, once again with responsibility for foreign relations, especially the Enlargement of the European Union. He remained in that post until March 1999, when he retired from European politics.

On 25 February 2005, he was granted the honorary title of Minister of State.[2]

Van den Broek is president of the Netherlands Institute of International Relations (Clingendael) and also of Radio Netherlands. He is a Member of the Board of Advisors of the Global Panel Foundation, a respected NGO that works behind the scenes in crisis areas around the world.[3]

He is a signatory of Global Zero (campaign), a non-profit international initiative for the elimination of all nuclear weapons worldwide.[4]

Personal life[edit]

Van den Broek is married with Josee van den Broek-van Schendel.[citation needed] They have two daughters, one of whom is Princess Marilène, the wife of Prince Maurits of Orange-Nassau, van Vollenhoven and as such a member of the Dutch royal family.[citation needed]

Decorations[edit]

Honours
Ribbon bar Honour Country Date Comment
OESSG Cavaliere BAR.jpg Knight of the Order of the Holy Sepulchre Holy See 1981
Legion Honneur GO ribbon.svg Grand Officer of the Legion of Honour France 6 February 1984
GER Bundesverdienstkreuz 6 GrVK Stern Band.svg Grand Cross of the Order of Merit Germany 12 October 1984
Ordre de la couronne de Chene GO ribbon.svg Grand Officer of the Order of the Oak Crown Luxembourg 30 May 1985
BEL Order of Leopold II - Grand Officer BAR.png Grand Officer of the Order of Leopold II Belgium 15 September 1986
ESP Isabella Catholic Order GC.svg Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic Spain 17 September 1987
POR Ordem do Merito Gra-Cruz BAR.svg Grand Cross of the Order of Merit Portugal 2 October 1989
AUT Honour for Services to the Republic of Austria - 7th Class BAR.png Grand Decoration of Honour in Silver of the
Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic
Austria 1989
Ribbon bar Order of the House of Orange.jpg Gold Cross of the Order for Loyalty and Merit Netherlands 1990
NLD Order of Orange-Nassau - Knight Grand Cross BAR.png Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Orange-Nassau Netherlands 30 April 1993
Ordre national du Merite GC ribbon.svg Grand Cross of the National Order of Merit France 1999
NLD Order of the Dutch Lion - Commander BAR.png Commander of the Order of the Netherlands Lion Netherlands 25 February 2005
POL Order Zaslugi RP kl3 BAR.png Commander of the Order of Merit Poland 10 August 2014
Honorific Titles
Ribbon bar Honour Country Date Comment
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Minister of State Netherlands 25 February 2005 Style of Excellency

Honorary degrees[edit]

Honorary degrees
University Field Country Date Comment
Utrecht University Law Netherlands 1998

References[edit]

  1. ^ In isolation, van and den are pronounced [vɑn] and [dɛn], respectively.
  2. ^ a b c "Mr. H. (Hans) van den Broek". www.parlement.com (in Dutch). Leiden University. Retrieved 8 September 2010.
  3. ^ http://globalpanel.org/boards
  4. ^ "Group Offers Plan to Eliminate Nukes by 2030" (PDF). The New York Times. 29 June 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 May 2011.

External links[edit]

Official
Political offices
Preceded by
Durk van der Mei
State Secretary for
Foreign Affairs

1981–1982
Succeeded by
Wim van Eekelen
Preceded by
Dries van Agt
Minister of Foreign Affairs
1982–1993
Succeeded by
Pieter Kooijmans
Preceded by
Frans Andriessen
European Commissioner
from the Netherlands

1993–1999
Succeeded by
Frits Bolkestein
Non-profit organization positions
Preceded by
Ruud Lubbers
Chairman of the
Institute of International
Relations Clingendael

2000–2007
Succeeded by
Ben Bot
Chairman of the
Supervisory board of the
Netherlands Carnegie Foundation

2000–2007
Media offices
Preceded by
Ruud Lubbers
Chairman of the
Supervisory board of
Radio Netherlands Worldwide

2000–2008
Succeeded by
Ben Bot
Academic offices
Preceded by
Unknown
Vice President of the
Utrecht University

1997–2007
Succeeded by
Unknown