Hansot

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Hansot
Anhot
village
Hansot is located in Gujarat
Hansot
Hansot
Location in Gujarat, India
Coordinates: 21°35′0″N 72°48′0″E / 21.58333°N 72.80000°E / 21.58333; 72.80000Coordinates: 21°35′0″N 72°48′0″E / 21.58333°N 72.80000°E / 21.58333; 72.80000
Country  India
State Gujarat
District Bharuch
Population
 • Total 12,525
Languages
 • Official Gujarati, Hansoti Urdu, Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Telephone code 912646
Nearest city Ankleshwar
Lok Sabha constituency Bharuch
Vidhan Sabha constituency Ankleshwar
Website hansot.com

Hansot is a village in Bharuch district, Southern Gujarat,[1] India. It is situated about 15.0 km (9.3 mi) southwest of the city of Bharuch, and south of the Narmada River. The village and its surrounding taluka were acquired by the British in 1775, and subsequently returned to the local princely rulers in 1783, being finally incorporated into the Broach district of the Bombay Presidency in 1803.[2][3]

History[edit]

Hansot was once a small village known as 'Hansnagari' during the British colonial era. Soon, it grew into a town, and now, it stands as a Taluka with a population of about 15,000. For the period, Gregorian centuries 16, 17 and 18,[1] In Ain-i-Akbari, It is mentioned as a mahal headquarters, and a port of sarkar Broach. In Mirat-i-Ahmadi, It is mentioned as a mahal headquarters.

History of Hansot

In medieval times Hansot was a very important port. During Mughal era they used to travel to Egypt, Africa and several Arab countries from here for trade. During this period landlords and rich people owned huge mansions due to which Hansot was known as a very prosperous town. Because of its prosperity lots of traders were robbed by pirates at sea as well as in the town. Around 1600 AD Mughal emperor Jahangir, in leadership of Chauhans from Aamer (Rajasthan) sent an army with back up from Sindhis of Karachi on the Naval front.

It's a known fact that Mughal princess BIBI TURK once visited Hansot and fell in love with this place so after her pilgrimage to Mecca she decided to stay here forever.

Geography[edit]

Hansot is located around 20.0 km (12.4 mi) from where the Narmada river merges with the Arabian sea. It is the largest Village between Surat and Ankleshwar. Ankleshwar is Asia's largest industrial estate, and one of 190 industrial complexes in Gujarat's "Golden Corridor", so called because of the money brought by rapid development, and an industrial belt running from Vapi at the southern end of Gujarat to Mahesana, about 270 mi (430 km) to the north, located 20.0 km (12.4 mi) west from Hansot. Surat City is 51.0 km (31.7 mi) from Hansot.

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

It has modern amenities, including electricity, telephone, bus station, Primary and Higher Secondary Schools, hospitals and libraries. An attraction in Hansot is the Dargah (Tomb) of a Muslim Sufi Sheikh known as "Hazrat Mansur Shah Urf Chotumiyan." A yearly Urs (Death Anniversary) attracts up to 350,000 people of all faiths. The people seek shelter in the complex of the dargah and are fed throughout the course of 3 days. Farming is the main occupation and a large number of people migrate to find jobs. Since the Narmada river is nearby, Hansot is also famous for its fish.

Taluka[edit]

Hansot's Taluka consists of 52 villages. The word 'Taluka' means 'Jurisdiction'. Several areas come under Hansot Taluka:[3][4]

  • Alva[4] or Ilvaa[3]
  • Ambheta
  • Asarma
  • Balota
  • Ilav[3] (also 'Ilaaw',[4] 'Elav'[1] and 'Elaw').[5]
  • Katpor
  • Mangrol
  • Shera
  • Sunevkhurd
  • Utraj
  • Vaghwan[4] or Waagwan[3]
  • Valner[4] or Waalner[3]
  • Vansnali[4] or Waansnoli[3]

Culture[edit]

After a hard day's work, the men traditionally retired to rest, often signified by adoption of the sarong-like Lungi. This indicates southern Arabian (Hadhramawti) or Malay influences. A romantic passion for racing horses on the days of Eid, from the ancient historic Eid Gah[6] and across the beaches washed by the Arabian Sea. This indicates Arabian and Mughal influences.

Language[edit]

The language is an archaic proto-Urdu one, being neither completely in the camp of standard northern Delhi Urdu, nor southern Dakhni Urdu. It is said by some to belong to the middle zone i.e. "Bombay Urdu", as with related cognates.[7] The language has defiantly retained Arabic and Turkic words, neither of which exist in many later Urdu standardisations. It also has picked up words from regional Indic languages, from northern to southern regions. As Hansotis are often seen as a rather independent and clannish community, with words being altered, the services of the professional academic would not go amiss. Notable words are Sabāh, Kāti, Kāikélyèh, Baydāh, Māndāh, Choolāh and Gokhlay.

Demographics[edit]

Hansotis are a cosmopolitan array of ethnicities divided into two main groups: Muslims and Hindus. Their surnames are multi-layered reflecting their complex histories, and include amongst others, Shaikh (Sheikh), Pathan, Malek (Malik), Patel, Mujad, Chauhan [8] and Kanuga. These people, who number 6,000, are thus Gujarati Muslims, by heritage and geographical origin.

Famous people[edit]

Khurshid Chauhan Actor in Gujarati/Hindi Films such as Halo Apna Malak Ma, Shree Krishna, Laxmi, Canadian Film Undying Promise [9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "12: Urban Centres in South Gujarat". Urban Centres in South Gujarat (PDF). Inflibnet.ac.in. pp. 264–340. Retrieved 2017-07-14. 
  2. ^ "Hansot", Imperial Gazetteer of India, 13, Oxford: Clarendon, 1908, pp. 25–26 .
  3. ^ a b c d e f g About Hansot, Hansot.com, retrieved 2017-07-14 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Environmental impact assessment and EMP report (PDF). En-vision Enviro Engineers Pvt. Ltd. June 2017. p. 77. 
  5. ^ Herne, P. (1855). "Domus. Surat. The nature of the jungles beyond. A boa constrictor. A tiger". Perils and Pleasures of a Hunter's Life; or the Romance of Hunting by Peregrine Herne. Cornell University Library. pp. 194–204. Retrieved 2017-07-08. 
  6. ^ "Photograph". Google.com. Retrieved 2017-07-14. 
  7. ^ "Lokhandwala M. F. (tr.): Zafar ul wālih bi Muẓffar wa ālihi: an Arabic history of Gujarat. By Abdullāh Muḥammad al-Makkī al-Āṣafī al-Ulughkhānī Hājjī ad-Dabir. Vol. ii. (Gaekwad's Oriental Series, No. 157.) ix, 475–1055 pp. Baroda: Oriental Institute, 1974. Rs. 50." Cambridge University Press. 1976. 
  8. ^ Sharma, Dasharatha : "Early Chauhan Dynasties" (1959) by S. Chand & Co., Page 14
  9. ^ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XVsySKAWs80

External links[edit]