Hanssuesia

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Hanssuesia
Temporal range: Late Cretaceous, 77.5–75 Ma
Hanssuesia.png
Computed tomography images of specimen TMP 79.14.853, showing lesions
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Clade: Dinosauria
Order: Ornithischia
Family: Pachycephalosauridae
Genus: Hanssuesia
Sullivan, 2003
Type species
Troodon sternbergi
Brown & Schlaikjer, 1943
Species

Hanssuesia sternbergi
(Brown & Schlaikjer, 1943)

Synonyms

Troodon sternbergi
Brown & Schlaikjer, 1943
Stegoceras sternbergi
(Brown & Schlaikjer, 1943)

Hanssuesia is a genus of pachycephalosaurid dinosaurs from the late Cretaceous period. It lived in what is now Alberta and Montana, and contains the single species Hanssuesia sternbergi.

Life restoration

Hanssuesia is based on a skull dome originally named Troodon sternbergi by Barnum Brown and Erich Maren Schlaikjer in 1943. The specific name honoured Charles Mortram Sternberg who found the dome in 1928 near Steveville in south Alberta.[1] In 1945, it was transferred to Stegoceras by C.M. Sternberg himself, as a Stegoceras sternbergi.[2]

The genus Hanssuesia was first named by Robert M. Sullivan in 2003. It honours paleontologist Hans-Dieter Sues.[3] In the publication also the spelling variant "Hanssuessia" appeared; the same year Sullivan chose for Hanssuesia as the valid name.[4] Its type species is Troodon sternbergi, the combinatio nova is Hanssuesia sternbergi.

H. sternbergi is known from the holotype NMC 8817 and six referred specimens (mainly frontoparietals) which were collected from two formations of the Belly River Group of Alberta, Canada, the Dinosaur Park Formation (late Campanian, 76.5–75 ma) in the Dinosaur Provincial Park, and the Oldman Formation (middle Campanian, 77.5-76.5 ma), as well as from the upper Judith River Formation of Montana, United States (late Campanian, 76–75 ma).[3]

Like other pachycephalosaurs, Hanssuesia had a thick skull roof. However, Hanssuesia is distinguished from other pachycephalosaurs by having a depressed parietal region, a frontoparietal dome that is wide in front as well as in the rear, a broad nasal boss on the frontals, reduced but swollen prefrontal lobes, and a reduced parietosquamosal shelf at the dome rear.[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ B. Brown and E.M. Schlaikjer, 1943, "A study of the troödont dinosaurs with the description of a new genus and four new species", Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 82(5): 115-150
  2. ^ C.M. Sternberg, 1945, "Pachycephalosauridae proposed for dome-headed dinosaurs, Stegoceras lambei, n. sp., described", Journal of Paleontology 19(5): 534-538
  3. ^ a b c Robert M. Sullivan (2003). "Revision of the dinosaur Stegoceras Lambe (Ornithischia, Pachycephalosauridae)". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 23 (1): 181–207. doi:10.1671/0272-4634(2003)23[181:rotdsl]2.0.co;2. 
  4. ^ Sullivan R.M. (2003). "Hanssuesia, the correct generic name for 'Hanssuessia' Sullivan, 2003". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 23 (3): 714. doi:10.1671/03010.