Hantsport

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Hantsport
Community
Official seal of Hantsport
Seal
Motto: "The Haven of Hospitality"
Hantsport is located in Nova Scotia
Hantsport
Hantsport
Location of Hantsport, Nova Scotia
Coordinates: 45°5′0″N 64°11′0″W / 45.08333°N 64.18333°W / 45.08333; -64.18333
Country  Canada
Province  Nova Scotia
Municipality Municipality of the District of West Hants
Founded 1789
Incorporated April 25, 1895
Dissolved July 1, 2015
Government
 • Councilor Robbie (Rob) Zwicker
 • MLA Chuck Porter (PC)
 • MP Scott Brison (L)
Area
 • Total 2.13 km2 (0.82 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,159
 • Density 544.6/km2 (1,411/sq mi)
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
Postal code B0P 1P0
Area code(s) 902
Telephone Exchange 684
Median Earnings* $49,283
NTS Map 021H01
GNBC Code CBRNJ
Website hantsportnovascotia.com
  • Median household income, 2005 ($) (all households)

Hantsport is a Canadian community located in Hants County, Nova Scotia. It is administratively part of the Municipality of the District of West Hants.

The community is located at the western boundary between Hants County and Kings County, along the west bank of the Avon River's tidal estuary. The community is best known for its former industries, including shipbuilding, a pulp mill, as well a marine terminal that once loaded gypsum mined near Windsor. The community is the resting place of Victoria Cross recipient William Hall, VC.

History[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1961 1,381 —    
1981 1,395 +1.0%
1991 1,274 −8.7%
1996 1,252 −1.7%
2001 1,204 −3.8%
2006 1,191 −1.1%
2011 1,159 −2.7%
[1][2]

The area around Hantsport was known to the Mi'kmaq as Kakagwek meaning "place where meat is sliced and dried" and the town is still home to a small reserve known as the Glooscap First Nation or Pesikitk.[3][4]

Although no Acadians are known to have lived on the lands within the boundary of Hantsport proper, the area was part of the Acadian parish of Paroisse de Sainte Famille (established in 1698). Etienne Rivet and his progeny farmed the nearby marshlands of the Halfway River (currently the boundary between the town and the community of Mount Denson, Nova Scotia) and his son, Etienne, operated a mill on the river near where the marshlands meet the uplands on the town's southern boundary.[5][6]

After the Expulsion of the Acadians, the Acadian region of Piziquid was formed into the Township of Falmouth. These lands were granted to New England Planters, and officers of the British army. Colonel Henry Denny Denson, a retired British officer, was granted an extensive tract of land (Mount Denson), which included the lands lying north of the Halfway River and south of the Horton Township boundary. In 1789, after Denson's death, his consort and heir, Martha Whitfield, sold Lots Three & Four (the area of Hantsport) to an Edward Barker.

Edward Barker (born at Lowdham, Nottinghamshire, England, 1745) was a British soldier, having arrived in Halifax in 1769 as a member of the 59th Regiment of Foot. In the early 1770s he mustered out of the army and by 1774 was at Falmouth, having married Rebecca Chadwick (see note) [7] of Newport, Rhode Island. He appears to have either worked on Abel Mitchener lands or rented farm lands until 1788 when he purchased land in Falmouth. A year later Baker purchased the Hantsport lots and soon thereafter moved his family to Hantsport. Barker's arrival marks the beginning of the settlement which was initially known as "Halfway River" being the point halfway between Grand-Pré and Windsor.[5]:p24-36[8]

Shipbuilding (see Ezra Churchill) emerged as a major industry in the 19th century and the town produced a large number of wooden sailing vessels and some steam vessels before the decline of wooden shipbuilding in the late 1800s. Notable vessels included the barque Hamburg, the largest three masted barque ever built in Canada, and the barque Plymouth, famous for the diaries of Alice Coalfleet, who raised a family aboard her.

The arrival of the Windsor and Annapolis Railway in 1869 stimulated a number of local manufacturers. Gypsum exports emerged as a major employer in the 20th Century, followed by the mills of the Minas Basin Pulp and Power Company established by the Jodrey family.

William Hall, VC, an African-Canadian mariner born near Hantsport, was awarded the Victoria Cross in 1857 and is buried at a monument beside the Hantsport Baptist Church.

Artifacts from the town's history are preserved at Churchill House, Hantsport, the restored mansion of the Churchill shipbuilding family (see Ezra Churchill) which serves as a community centre and museum.

The Hantsport train station was built in the Craftsman style and is a registered heritage building. It is no longer in use as a passenger facility.

During the 20th century, the port was used for shipping gypsum which was quarried at two locations east of Windsor and shipped to Hantsport using the Dominion Atlantic Railway, and later the Windsor and Hantsport Railway. The marine terminal used a loader to move gypsum from the storage building to waiting ships and was one of the fastest ship-loaders in the world, necessitated by the fact that the extreme tides in the Minas Basin require ships to enter and leave the port within a four- to five-hour period. Operations at Fundy Gypsum Company's ship loading facility were idled in early 2011, with the facility permanently closed later in 2011.

On November 1, 2012, Minas Basin Pulp & Power, which had been in operation in Hantsport for more than 85 years, announced it would cease all operations. This mill closed in December 2012, resulting in the loss of 135 jobs.

The largest remaining employer in Hantsport is CKF Inc., which produces Royal Chinet paper plates, as well as egg cartons, cup carriers and other molded pulp products at its plant on the community's waterfront.

In the wake of the closures of the marine terminal and the pulp mill, Hantsport town council voted on April 16, 2014 to dissolve its municipal incorporation. The town was formally dissolved into the Municipality of the District of West Hants effective July 1, 2015.

.

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1], Census 1961
  2. ^ I:\ecstats\Agency\BRIAN\census2
  3. ^ Glooscap First Nation 2006 Census
  4. ^ Rand, Rev. S.T. A first Reading Book in the Micmac Language: Comprising the MicMac Numerials, and the Names of the different kinds of Beasts, Birds, Fishes, Trees, &c, of the Maritime Provinces of Canada. Also, some of the Indian Names of Places, and many Familiar Words and Phrases, Translated Literally into English. Halifax Printing Company, Halifax, 1875.
  5. ^ a b Robertson, Allen B. Tide & Timber - Hantsport , Nova Scotia, 1795-1995. Lancelot Press, Hantsport, 1995
  6. ^ MacMechan, Archibald, ed. Nova Scotia Archives II, A Calendar of Two Letter-Books and One Commission-Book in the Possession of the Government of Nova Scotia, 1713-1741. Herald Printing House, Halifax, NS. 1900.
  7. ^ It is uncertain as to whether Rebecca was a Chadwick or a Mitchener - see reference: http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~agbfamily/bcomp.htm
  8. ^ Nova Scotia Archives: Place Names of Nova Scotia, "Hantsport", p. 78-79

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°04′N 64°11′W / 45.067°N 64.183°W / 45.067; -64.183