Hanuman Garhi Temple

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Hanuman Garhi Temple
The Hanuman Garhi Temple in Ayodhya
Religion
AffiliationHinduism
DistrictAyodhya
DeityHanuman
FestivalsDussehra, Hanuman Jayanti, Bada Mangal, Ram Navami, Deepawali
Location
StateUttar Pradesh
Country India
Architecture
Completed10th Century

Hanuman Garhi is a 10th-century Hindu temple of Hanuman in Uttar Pradesh, India. Located in Ayodhya, it is one of the most important temples in the city along with other temples such as Nageshwar Nath.[1] This shrine is under the charge of Bairagi Mahants of Ramanandi Sampradaya and Nirvani Akhara.

History[edit]

The subsequent rulers, including Safdarjung and Shuja-ud-daulah, supported the temple's construction with additional revenue land grants. The temple's completion, however, occurred under Diwan Tikait Rai during the governorship of Asaf-ud-daulah in 1799 CE.[2]

Hanuman Garhi temple is located near Ram Janmabhoomi. In 1855, the Nawab of Awadh granted land revenue to build the temple.[3][4] Historian Sarvepalli Gopal has said that the 1855 dispute was not for the Ayodhya temple dispute but for the Hanuman Garhi temple.[3]

Architecture[edit]

Hanuman Garhi Temple is shaped like a four-sided fort with circular ramparts at each corner, housing shrines dedicated to the primary deity Hanuman. There are 76 stairs to reach the main temple, where the garbha griha, adorned with silver carvings, awaits. The central has three intricately designed doors leading to the inner chamber. Within, a 6-inch deity of Hanuman, depicted in his youthful (Bal) form, is positioned on the lap of his mother Anjani.[5] A silver tulsi garland, inscribed with the name of Rama is adorned by Hanuman. The verses of the Hanuman Chalisa are inscribed on the temple walls. The temple features a Victory Pillar, known as Vijay Stambh.[6]

Festivals[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lutgendorf, Philip (11 January 2007). Hanuman's Tale: The Messages of a Divine Monkey. Oxford University Press. p. 244. ISBN 978-0-19-804220-4.
  2. ^ "INDIAN HISTORY COLLECTIVE". indianhistorycollective.com. Retrieved 11 November 2023.
  3. ^ a b Dutta, Prabhash K (7 December 2017). "Ayodhya: When Wajid Ali Shah built Hanuman temple". India Today. Retrieved 28 July 2020.
  4. ^ Pillai, Manu S. (6 December 2017). "When a temple was besieged in Ayodhya". Livemint. Retrieved 29 July 2020.
  5. ^ "Hanuman Garhi | Ayodhya | UP Tourism". www.ayodhya.gov.in. Archived from the original on 5 July 2020. Retrieved 29 July 2020.
  6. ^ Shyam, Rai (15 March 2023). "Hanuman Garhi Ayodhya: Temple History | Significance| Architecture | Festivals | by Rai Shyam". Utsav App: My Temple & Festivals. Retrieved 10 November 2023.

External links[edit]