Hapjeong-dong

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Hapjeong-dong
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul 합정동
 • Hanja
 • Revised Romanization Hapjeong-dong
 • McCune–Reischauer Hap chong dong
Hapjeong-dong Community Service Center
Hapjeong-dong Community Service Center
Country South Korea
Region Sudogwon
Area
 • Total 1.71 km2 (0.66 sq mi)
Population (2001)[1]
 • Total 23,408
 • Density 14,000/km2 (35,000/sq mi)

Hapjeong-dong (Korean pronunciation: [hapt͈ɕʌŋdoŋ]) is a dong, neighbourhood of the Mapo-gu district in Seoul, South Korea.[1][2]

See also[edit]

Origin of the name[edit]

Originally, Hapjeong-dong was a part of Yeonhui-bang, a division of Seoul that encompassed approximately Seodaemun-gu and the western part of Mapo-gu. The meaning of Hapjeong-dong, written in Hanja as , was "clam well". Later the Hanja transcription of Hapjeong was changed to .

After the Japan–Korea Annexation Treaty of 1910, Hapjeong-dong was known as Hapjeon-ri in 1913 and Hapjeong-jeong in 1936; it was a part of Yeonhui-myeon, which extended from Seodaemun-gu to Yeouido. In 1944, it became a part of the newly created Mapo-gu district and received its current name in 1946.[3]

Streets[edit]

Hapjeong-dong contains the following main streets, which also give their name to surrounding, smaller streets according to the new address system in South Korea:

  • Donggyo-ro separates Hapjeong-dong from Mangwon-dong;
  • Dongmak-ro;
  • Huiujeong-ro: the name of this street is the former name of Mangwonjeong, a pavilion built by his brother near the Han river;[4]
  • Poeun-ro: the name refers to the pen name of Jeong Mong-ju, whose statue stands at one end of the street;
  • Seonji-gil;
  • Tojeong-ro;
  • Yanghwajin-gil: the name refers to Yanghwagin, a former port and ferry dock on the Han riverside;
  • Yanghwa-ro: leads to Yanghwa Bridge, near the former site of the Yanghwajin ferry dock;
  • Worldcup-ro: leads to the Seoul World Cup Stadium and separates Hapjeong-dong from Seogyo-dong.

Landmarks[edit]

A few historical landmarks may be found in Hapjeong-dong:

  • Mangwonjeong was a pavilion built in 1424 by Prince Hyoryeong, elder brother of King Sejong, to oversee farming every spring and fall. Its first name, "Huiujeong" ("a pavilion meeting a delightful rain"), was given by King Sejong after seeing the field getting wet by rain during a visit. Later, Prince Wolsan, brother of King Seongjong, inherited the pavilion and renamed it "Mangwongeong". The pavilion was damaged by a flood in 1925 and rebuilt in 1989. Nowadays it is accessible from Donggyo-ro 8an-gil and oversees the Han river expressway.[4]
  • Yangwhajin was a port and ferry dock on the Han riverside, located near Jeoldu-san. It used to be an important entry point to Seoul.[5]
  • Jeoldu-san is a rocky promontory that oversees the Han river near the Dangsan Railway Bridge, with a shrine and park dedicated to Christian martyrs.
  • Yanghwajin Foreigners' Cemetery, located near Jeoldu-san.

Other notable sites in Hapjeong-dong include:

  • Yanghwa Bridge, that connects to Seonyu-do and the Han river south bank.
  • the Seoul Thermal Power Station, also partly located in Dangin-dong.

A number of companies specialized in music or media are located in Hapjeong-dong, included YG Entertainment.

Transport[edit]

The area is served by subway via Hapjeong Station (Seoul Metro Line 2.png and Seoul Metro Line 6.png), and Sangsu Station (Seoul Metro Line 6.png). Also, various Seoul bus lines reach the street.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "합정동 (Hapjeong-dong 合井洞)" (in Korean). Doosan Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2008-05-11. 
  2. ^ "The origin of the dong' name (Hapjeong-dong 합정동)" (in Korean). Mapo-gu official site. Retrieved 2008-05-11. 
  3. ^ (Korean) 합정동 유래 (Etymology), Hapjeong-dong official website.
  4. ^ a b Source: information panel on the site of Mangweonjeong.
  5. ^ Historical background of Yanghwagin, Yanghwagin Foreing Missionary Cemetery web site.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°32′58″N 126°54′20″E / 37.54946°N 126.90566°E / 37.54946; 126.90566