Haplogroup L4 Possible place of origin East Africa Ancestor L3'4 Descendants L4a, L4b Defining mutations 5460, 16362 
Haplogroup L4 is a human mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplogroup. It is a small maternal clade primarily restricted to Africa.
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Distribution [ edit ]
Projected spatial frequency distribution for haplogroup L4.
Schematic tree of mtDNA haplogroup L4. Ages (in
) indicated are maximum likelihood estimates obtained for the whole-mtDNA genome.
L4 is important in
East Africa and Horn of Africa. The highest frequencies are in Tanzania among the Hadza at 60-83% and Sandawe at 48%.
Subclades [ edit ]
This phylogenetic tree of haplogroup L4 subclades is based on the paper by Mannis van Oven and Manfred Kayser
Updated comprehensive phylogenetic tree of global human mitochondrial DNA variation and subsequent published research.
Most Recent Common Ancestor (MRCA)
L4a (Formerly known as L7)
L4b2 (Formerly known as L3g or L4g)
References [ edit ]
External links [ edit ]