Haplogroup R1b-L21

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Haplogroup R1b-L21
R1b1a2a1a1b4 en Europe.jpg
Possible time of origin4,500 years
Possible place of originCentral Europe
AncestorR1b
R-M269
R1b-L11
R1b-P312
DescendantsR1b-DF13
R1b-M222
Highest frequenciesEnglish
Irish
Scottish
Welsh
Bretons
Americans

R1b-L21 or R1b-M529 (R1b1a2a1a2c) is a Human Y-chromosome DNA haplogroup, characteristic of the inhabitants of the British Isles and Ireland.[1]

Origin[edit]

R1b-L21 is known like the haplogroup belonging to the Celts, was migrated to Western Europe during the Bronze Age, populating vast regions of what is now France, the United Kingdom and Ireland.[2] Including also the Low Countries.[3] It has its origin in the region of Central Europe, related to Beaker culture.[4]

Currently this haplogroup is found in most of the inhabitants of the British Isles and Ireland, as well as in Brittany, northern France and some presence in Belgium.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Y-DNA Haplogroup R and its Subclades - 2018, International Society of Genetic Genealogy
  2. ^ DNA vs Irish Annals (PDF), Brad Larkin
  3. ^ Haplogroup R1b (Y-DNA), Eupedia
  4. ^ Arrival of Beaker folk changed Britain for ever, ancient DNA study shows, The Guardian
  5. ^ Genetic history of the Benelux & France, Eupedia

External links[edit]