Happy Parliament

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The Happy Parliament was the fourth and last Parliament of England of the reign of King James I, sitting from 19 February 1624 to 24 May 1624 and then from 2 November 1624 to 16 February 1625. It was dissolved on the death of the King on 14 March 1625.[1][2]

History[edit]

The parliament was referred to as "Fælix Parliamentum" or the "Happy Parliament" by Sir Edward Coke.[1] The three previous parliaments of James I had been a source of conflict and the King's opening address to the Commons commented on the "desire of all parties to forget past disagreements." However the parliamentary session was clouded by mutual suspicion and nearly every speech made tacit or explicit comments with reference to previous sessions.[3] Charles, Prince of Wales and the Duke of Buckingham used the Parliament to aid their push for a war against Spain. Buckingham and Charles played a large role in insuring the impeachment of Lord High Treasurer Lionel Cranfield, who was opposed to a war for financial reasons.[4]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Coke 1680, p. 2.
  2. ^ Willis 1750, p. 187.
  3. ^ Ruigh 1971, p. 2.
  4. ^ Smith 1998, p. 63.

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Thrush, Andrew (2010), "The Parliament of 1624", in Thrush, Andrew; Ferris, John P., The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1604-1629, Cambridge University Press