Happy Together (song)

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"Happy Together"
Happy Together (song).jpg
Picture sleeve for the US single
Single by The Turtles
from the album Happy Together
B-side"Like the Seasons"
ReleasedFebruary 1967 (February 1967)
Genre
Length2:50
LabelWhite Whale
Songwriter(s)
Producer(s)
The Turtles singles chronology
"Can I Get to Know You Better"
(1966)
"Happy Together"
(1967)
"She'd Rather Be with Me"
(1967)

"Happy Together" is a song by American rock band the Turtles from their third studio album Happy Together (1967). The song was written by Garry Bonner and Alan Gordon, arranged by Chip Douglas, and produced by Joe Wissert.

Released as a single in February 1967, the song knocked the Beatles' "Penny Lane" out of the number one slot on the US Billboard Hot 100 and remained atop the chart for three weeks.[4] It was the group's only chart-topper in the United States. "Happy Together" also reached number 12 on the UK Singles Chart in April 1967 and number 2 on the Canadian Top Singles chart in Canada.

Background[edit]

The song was written by Garry Bonner and Alan Gordon, former members of the Magicians.[4] It had been rejected a dozen times before it was offered to the Turtles, and the demo acetate was worn out.[5]

The song was arranged by Chip Douglas. Turtles singer Mark Volman said, "Chip was, besides being a really fine bass player and excellent singer, also a great arranger, who did most of the arrangements on 'Happy Together.' He is very instrumental in what would be thought of as the production."[6]

The song features a brass section, plus a mellotron, impersonating an oboe, strings, and vocals.

Composition[edit]

"Happy Together" was originally published in the key of F♯ minor in common time with a tempo of 120 beats per minute. Kaylan's vocals span from C#3 to G#4 in the song.[7][8][9]

Critical reception[edit]

Denise Sullivan of AllMusic called the song "serious, Beatles/Beach Boys conceptual pop" with a "sparse, acoustic guitar and handclap arrangement". She felt that the Turtles had combined their "pop, folk, psychedelia, and Zombies-style harmony expertise into one song", and noted the song's contradiction of being a "rock & roll song with a martial beat" but which came very close to "bubblegum" pop (yet "rises above it"). She concluded that the song is "pop perfection" and "a most sublime slice of pop heaven."[10]

Personnel[edit]

  • Howard Kaylan - lead and backing vocals
  • Mark Volman - harmony and backing vocals
  • Al Nichol – lead guitar, piano, backing vocals
  • Jim Tucker - rhythm guitar, backing vocals
  • Chip Douglas - bass, arrangements, backing vocals
  • John Barbata - drums

Additional personnel

  • Andy Cahan - mellotron

Charts[edit]

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Certified units/sales
United Kingdom (BPI)[22] Silver 200,000double-dagger
United States (RIAA)[23] Gold 1,000,000^

^shipments figures based on certification alone
double-daggersales+streaming figures based on certification alone

Cover versions[edit]

"Happy Together" has been covered by artists as diverse as Hugo Montenegro (US AC #29, 1969), Tony Orlando and Dawn (US #79, 1972), T.G. Sheppard (who would take his version into the country Top 10 in early 1979), the Nylons (US #75, AC #16, 1987),[24] and the most successful cover by Captain & Tennille (US #53, AC #27, 1980),[25][24] Jason Donovan had the most successful cover version in the UK reaching #10.

Non-charting versions include those by Mel Tormé,[24] the Piano Guys, Weezer, Petula Clark and Donny Osmond.[citation needed]

Frank Alamo covered the song in 1967 in a French version entitled "Heureux Tous Les Deux (Happy Together)". In 1999, BMI named "Happy Together", with approximately five million performances on American radio, the 44th most-performed song in the United States of the 20th century,[26] placing it in the same league as "Yesterday" by the Beatles and "Mrs. Robinson" by Simon and Garfunkel.

Frank Zappa's performance on the "Fillmore East – June 1971" album included Turtles vocalists Howard Kaylan and Mark Volman and bassist Jim Pons, as they were all members of Zappa's band The Mothers during that time period.

Norwegian comedy group Prima Vera recorded a version with altered lyrics titled "Så Lykkelig I Sverige" (So Happy in Sweden) from their album Brakara (1978).[27]

Hugo Montenegro's cover version was released as a single in 1969 from his album Good Vibrations,[28] and reached number 29 on the Billboard Easy Listening chart.[29][30]

The song has been covered by B. E. Taylor for his album, Love Never Fails (2006).[31]

Industrial rock band Filter covered the song for The Stepfather soundtrack in 2009.[32]

In 2002 and 2018, American rock band Weezer performed a cover version of the song live at several of their concerts. The cover was described by Doug MacCash of The Times-Picayune as "fierce yet faithful", taking "that chunk of 50-year-old bubblegum and chew[ing] it into grungy rock n roll glory".[33] In January 2019, the song was included on their surprise cover album.[34][35]

In 2020, EDM producers Dimitri Vegas & Like Mike and Bassjackers released a big room cover of the song.[36]

In popular culture[edit]

The Turtles performing "Happy Together" on The Ed Sullivan Show, May 14, 1967.

Jim Bessman reported for Billboard that the "key usage in the acclaimed movie" Adaptation. is "as a means of juxtaposing a soundtrack song against the story's mood, à la 'As Time Goes By' in Casablanca". Bessman goes on to say that "the song's inclusion in Adaptation has also spurred the solo side of Kaylan's career."[24]

When I saw the film, the audience started singing along with it ... It indicated to me that this thing had a life of its own—and that it was time for me to get off my butt and finish my solo album.

The 1987 film "Making Mr. Right" uses a unique remix of the Turtles recording (extended by 11 seconds in the opening build-up) as the movie's rousing finale. This extended version does not appear in the film's official soundtrack album, only in the film itself.[37]

A cover version sung by Danny Chung appears at the end of Wong Kar-wai's 1997 film, Happy Together.

Bessman also notes the use of the song in Freaky Friday (2003; featured both the Turtles version and a cover by Simple Plan[original research?]) and two episodes of The Simpsons ("The Way We Weren't" and "Trilogy of Error"[original research?]).[24] It was also featured in several television series, including Big Bang Theory in the episode "The Collaboration Fluctuation" and in an episode of Two and a Half Men.

It was performed on the show American Idol on February 19, 2008, by David Cook, and on February 20, 2008, by Brooke White: both performances were released as live singles on the iTunes Store in 2008. On May 5, 2011, it was sung in a group performance by the top 5 contestants on the show's tenth season. On January 21, 2015, the song was featured on the TV series Stalker arranged and performed by the band SPiN.[38]

The song was also featured in several animated films, including The Simpsons Movie and Minions. The song was featured in the first trailer for the 2019 film, Pokémon: Detective Pikachu.[39][40] It was featured again that same year in the soundtrack of the 2019 film, The Angry Birds Movie 2.

In Stephen King's novel Gerald's Game, the psychotic burglar, necrophile, and cannibal Raymond Andrew Joubert is described to the protagonist Jessie Burlingame as singing this song in the back of a police cruiser after being apprehended breaking into a mausoleum.[41]

In July 2019, the song was used in juxtaposition to the "guns and murder" in a trailer for the game Borderlands 3.[42]

Copyright lawsuit[edit]

Flo & Eddie, legal successors to the Turtles, filed a lawsuit in the New York Court of Appeals against Sirius XM Radio to establish common law copyright on their original recording of "Happy Together". As the song was recorded in 1967, five years before federal sound copyright was established, the group sought to establish that such recordings were covered under common law copyright, a nebulous form of copyright held at the state level, in the hopes of earning royalties from Sirius XM (as they did not write the song, they could only receive performance royalties). The Court of Appeals had previously ruled that such a common law copyright may exist for the sale of recordings in New York in the 2005 ruling Capitol Records, Inc. v. Naxos of America, Inc..

On December 20, 2016, the Court ruled that no such common law copyright exists in New York for public performances of a sound recording, and that Flo & Eddie could not claim royalties.[43]

On March 20, 2016, Scottish rock band Biffy Clyro released their single "Wolves of Winter", which originally featured the lyric "we have the chance to be happy together" in the pre-chorus, sung in a similar manner to the Turtles' recording. However, the lyric was changed due to copyright infringement, becoming "we have the chance to survive the winter", as sung in the second pre-chorus.[44]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Greene, Doyle (2014). The Rock Cover Song: Culture, History, Politics. McFarland. p. 150. ISBN 978-1-4766-1507-3.
  2. ^ Morrison, Craig (2000). Psychedelic music in San Francisco: style, context, and evolution. Concordia University. p. 79.
  3. ^ Walker, Michael (2010). Laurel Canyon: The Inside Story of Rock-and-Roll's Legendary Neighborhood. Farrar, Straus and Giroux. p. 68. ISBN 978-1-4299-3293-6.
  4. ^ a b Bronson, Fred (2003). The Billboard Book of #1 Hits, 5th Edition (Billboard Publications), page 221.
  5. ^ Wayne Wadhams, David Nathan (2001). Inside the Hits. Berklee Press, p. 254. ISBN 0-634-01430-7.
  6. ^ CD booklet to The Turtles Anthology: Solid Zinc (Rhino, 2002), p. 19.
  7. ^ "The Turtles - Happy Together". Songbpm.com. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
  8. ^ "Changing Moods & Modes: Minor to Major Modulation (and Picardy Third) in The Turtles' "Happy Together"". rebelmusicteacher.com. Retrieved December 5, 2020.
  9. ^ "The Turtles "Happy Together" Sheet Music in E Minor". Musicnotes.com. Retrieved November 3, 2018.
  10. ^ Sullivan, Denise. "The Turtles - Happy Together - Song Review". Allmusic. Retrieved September 21, 2018.
  11. ^ "RPM Weekly Top Singles - April 8, 1967 (Volume 7, No. 6)". Library and Archives Canada. RPM Weekly (archived). April 8, 1967. Retrieved August 30, 2018.
  12. ^ "RPM Weekly Top Singles - April 1, 1967 (Volume 7, No. 5)". Library and Archives Canada. RPM Weekly (archived). April 1, 1967. Retrieved September 26, 2018.
  13. ^ "The Irish Charts – Search Results – Happy Together". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
  14. ^ "SA Charts 1965–March 1989". Retrieved 5 September 2018.
  15. ^ "Top 100 1967". top-source.info. Retrieved 8 September 2016.
  16. ^ Joel Whitburn's Top Pop Singles 1955-2002
  17. ^ "Cash Box Top 100 Singles". Cash Box. April 1, 1967. Retrieved May 12, 2018.
  18. ^ "The RPM 100 Top Singles of 1967" (PDF). RPM. January 6, 1968. p. 5. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
  19. ^ "Top 100 Hits of 1967/Top 100 Songs of 1967". Musicoutfitters.com. Retrieved 2016-09-30.
  20. ^ "CASH BOX Year-End Charts: 1967". Cash Box. December 23, 1967. Retrieved April 30, 2018.
  21. ^ "Billboard Hot 100 60th Anniversary Interactive Chart". Billboard. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  22. ^ "British single certifications – Turtles – Happy Together". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved February 19, 2019. Select singles in the Format field. Select Silver in the Certification field. Type Happy Together in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.
  23. ^ "American single certifications – Turtles – Happy Together". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved February 19, 2019. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Single, then click SEARCH. 
  24. ^ a b c d e f Bessman, Jim (April 26, 2003). "Words & Music". Billboard. p. 40. Retrieved March 1, 2017.
  25. ^ "Review: Captain & Tennille — Happy Together" (PDF). Billboard. 85 (19). 10 May 1980. p. 79. ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved 31 May 2020 – via American Radio History.
  26. ^ "BMI Announces Top 100 Songs of the Century". BMI. December 13, 1999.
  27. ^ "Prima Vera - Brakara". Allmusic. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
  28. ^ "Hugo Montenegro - Good Vibrations". Allmusic. Retrieved February 8, 2019.
  29. ^ Hyatt, Wesley (1999). The Billboard Book of #1 Adult Contemporary Hits (Billboard Publications), page 66.
  30. ^ "Hugh Montenegro, His Orchestra and Chorus - Happy Together". Billboard. July 12, 1969. Retrieved October 6, 2018.
  31. ^ "Love Never Fails - B.E. Taylor". betaylor.com. Retrieved January 5, 2019.
  32. ^ "Filter Covers The Turtles' 'Happy Together' For 'The Stepfather' Soundtrack". Blabbermouth. September 29, 2009.
  33. ^ MacCash, Doug (June 27, 2018). "Weezer and The Pixies were happy together in New Orleans". The Times-Picayune. Retrieved September 25, 2018.
  34. ^ "Weezer Just Won #TBT By Releasing a Surprise Cover Album". vulture.com.
  35. ^ "Weezer - Weezer [Teal Album]". Allmusic. Retrieved January 30, 2019.
  36. ^ https://www.beatport.com/track/happy-together-original-mix/13489375
  37. ^ Making Mr. Right, Rhino Records, 1987
  38. ^ "Stalker Music - S1E13: "The News"". TuneFind.com. Retrieved 2016-09-30.
  39. ^ Deschamps, Marc (November 12, 2018). "Pokémon: Detective Pikachu Movie Trailer Debuts « Nintendojo". www.nintendojo.com. Retrieved November 12, 2018.
  40. ^ Barder, Ollie (February 27, 2019). "New 'Pokémon: Detective Pikachu' Trailer Reveals Mewtwo". Forbes. Archived from the original on May 4, 2019. Retrieved May 3, 2019.
  41. ^ "Gerald's Game". StephenKing.com. Retrieved 2016-09-30.
  42. ^ Sirani, Jordan (July 19, 2019). "Borderlands 3: 30 Screenshots From the New 'So Happy Together' Trailer". www.ign.com. Retrieved July 19, 2019.
  43. ^ Klepper, David (December 20, 2016). "OWNERS OF 1967 HIT SONG 'HAPPY TOGETHER' LOSE COPYRIGHT CASE". Associated Press. Archived from the original on December 21, 2016. Retrieved December 20, 2016.
  44. ^ "r/BiffyClyro - Anybody with the "happy together" version of Wolves mind sharing?". reddit. Retrieved 2020-05-11.

External links[edit]