Hapur

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Hapur (Haripur)
हापुड़
City
Hapur (Haripur) is located in Uttar Pradesh
Hapur (Haripur)
Hapur (Haripur)
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 28°43′51″N 77°46′33″E / 28.730937°N 77.775736°E / 28.730937; 77.775736Coordinates: 28°43′51″N 77°46′33″E / 28.730937°N 77.775736°E / 28.730937; 77.775736
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Hapur
Elevation 216.1032 m (709.0000 ft)
Languages
 • Official Hindi
 • Spoken Hindi, Khariboli dialect, Haryanvi, Punjabi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 245101
0122 5731
Vehicle registration UP-37
Website http://hapur.nic.in/

Hapur (known earlier as Haripur) is a city in, as well as the headquarters of, Hapur district, in western Uttar Pradesh, India. Located about 60 kilometres (37 mi) east of New Delhi, the city is part of the Delhi National Capital Region (NCR). National Highway 24, connecting Delhi-Lucknow, passes through the city.

History[edit]

Hapur is said to have been founded in the 10th century by King Hapur. It was granted by Daulat Scindia to his French general Pierre Cuillier-Perron at the end of the 18th century. Under the British Raj, Hapur was within Meerut District, was surrounded by several fine groves, and carried on considerable trade in sugar, grain, cotton, timber, bamboo, and brass utensils. The important cavalry remount depot and farm of Babugarh adjoined the town.[1]

Geography[edit]

Hapur (Haripur) is located at 28°43′N 77°47′E / 28.72°N 77.78°E / 28.72; 77.78.[2] It has an average elevation of 213 meters (699 feet).

Climate[edit]

Hapur has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate characterised by very hot summers and cool winters. Summers last from early April to late June and are extremely hot, with temperatures reaching 43 °C (109 °F).[3] The monsoon arrives in late June and continues until the middle of September. Temperatures drop slightly, with plenty of cloud cover, but with higher humidity. Temperatures rise again in October; and the city then has a mild, dry winter season from late October to the middle of March.[3]

Rainfall is about 90 cm to 100 cm per annum, which is suitable for growing crops. Most of the rainfall is received during the monsoon. Humidity varies from 30 to 100%.[3]

Climate data for Hapur(1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 29.3
(84.7)
32.2
(90)
39.5
(103.1)
43.5
(110.3)
45.8
(114.4)
46.1
(115)
46.0
(114.8)
40.0
(104)
39.0
(102.2)
38.0
(100.4)
34.5
(94.1)
30.0
(86)
46.1
(115)
Average high °C (°F) 21.9
(71.4)
23.1
(73.6)
28.7
(83.7)
36.3
(97.3)
39.1
(102.4)
37.6
(99.7)
33.6
(92.5)
32.6
(90.7)
33.7
(92.7)
32.8
(91)
28.6
(83.5)
23.5
(74.3)
31.1
(88)
Average low °C (°F) 7.2
(45)
9.1
(48.4)
13.8
(56.8)
19.9
(67.8)
24.3
(75.7)
26.0
(78.8)
25.9
(78.6)
25.5
(77.9)
23.6
(74.5)
18.2
(64.8)
12.4
(54.3)
8.0
(46.4)
17.7
(63.9)
Record low °C (°F) 0.2
(32.4)
0.1
(32.2)
5.4
(41.7)
8.3
(46.9)
15.4
(59.7)
17.7
(63.9)
16.5
(61.7)
19.0
(66.2)
15.7
(60.3)
7.2
(45)
1.8
(35.2)
0.2
(32.4)
0.1
(32.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 19.7
(0.776)
24.9
(0.98)
24.4
(0.961)
12.8
(0.504)
19.1
(0.752)
71.2
(2.803)
269.0
(10.591)
264.7
(10.421)
95.4
(3.756)
25.9
(1.02)
4.3
(0.169)
13.4
(0.528)
845.0
(33.268)
Average rainy days 1.5 1.7 1.7 0.9 1.6 3.9 10.2 9.4 4.2 1.6 0.4 0.9 38.0
Source: India Meteorological Department (record high and low up to 2010)[4][5]

Demographics[edit]

Religions in Hapur
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
77%
Muslims
  
21%
Jains
  
0.4%
Others†
  
1.6%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

According to the 2011 census, Hapur had a population of 262,801, consisting of 139,694 males and 123,107 females. The literacy rate was 75.34%.[6]

Hapur-Pilkhuwa Development Authority[edit]

The Hapur-Pilkhuwa Development Authority (HPDA) was established as a second and an independent authority from the Ghaziabad Development Authority (GDA) by the Uttar Pradesh administration during 1996–97, keeping in mind the geographical, historical, commercial, and industrial importance of Hapur and Pilkhuwa, as well as, in view of the proximity to Delhi, the planned development of the National Capital Region (NCR).[citation needed]

In line with the NCR, and its National Capital Regional Planning Board, and the importance of Hapur and its planning needs, HPDA, accepting that planning challenge, and that of enhancing town relocation facilities and beautification, is scheduled to soon implement its plans. 50 acres of land are earmarked for regional office building development in some areas of Hapur such as Sabli and Chamri. Plans are also afoot to facilitate the upgrading of National Highway 24.[citation needed] Negotiations are ongoing to acquire land for housing.[citation needed]

In the same vein, many high-standard educational and research institutes are being established in the Hapur-Pilkhuwa Development Region, e.g. a dental college and research institute, a D.P.S. school, as well as other educational and research centres. Similarly, in housing development, many famous developers like Ansal Housing Group, Eros Group, etc., are investing large amounts of money in constructing housing for the town.[7]

People from Hapur[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hapur". Encyclopædia Britannica. 11 (14th ed.). Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 1956. p. 167. 
  2. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Hapur
  3. ^ a b c "Chapter 3 – Findings: Metro Cities of India" (pdf). Central Pollution Control Board. p. 63. Retrieved 1 April 2011. 
  4. ^ "Meerut Climatological Table Period: 1971–2000". India Meteorological Department. Retrieved April 15, 2015. 
  5. ^ "Ever recorded Maximum and minimum temperatures up to 2010". India Meteorological Department. Archived from the original on 21 May 2013. Retrieved April 15, 2015. 
  6. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 7 July 2012. 
  7. ^ "A Brief Profile - The Genesis of Hapur Pilkhuwa Development Authority". Hapur-Pilkhuwa Development Authority. Retrieved 13 May 2014. 
  8. ^ Panwar, Preeti (24 March 2014). "Hapur: Congress MLA Gajraj Sharma 'molests' Nagma publicly". Oneindia News. Retrieved 30 July 2014. 

External links[edit]