Hapur

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Hapur
Haripur
City
Hapur is located in Uttar Pradesh
Hapur
Hapur
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 28°43′51″N 77°46′33″E / 28.730937°N 77.775736°E / 28.730937; 77.775736Coordinates: 28°43′51″N 77°46′33″E / 28.730937°N 77.775736°E / 28.730937; 77.775736
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
DivisionMeerut
DistrictHapur
Government
 • District MagistrateAnuj Singh, IAS[1]
 • Superintendent of PoliceDeepak Bhuker, IPS[2]
Elevation
216.1032 m (709.0000 ft)
Population
 (2011)[3]
 • Total317,004
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
 • SpokenHindi, Urdu, Khariboli dialect, Haryanvi, Punjabi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
245101
01225731
Vehicle registrationUP-37
Websitehttp://hapur.nic.in/

Hapur is a city in, as well as the headquarters of, Hapur district, in Uttar Pradesh, India. Located about 60 kilometres (37 mi) east of New Delhi, the city is part of the Delhi National Capital Region (NCR). National Highway 9 passes through the city, connecting it to Delhi.

History[edit]

Hapur is said to have been founded in the 10th century.[4][5]

Hapur is listed in the Ain-i-Akbari as a pargana under Delhi sarkar, producing a revenue of 2,103,589 dams for the imperial treasury and supplying a force of 300 infantry and 4 cavalry.[6]

It was granted by Daulat Scindia to his French general Pierre Cuillier-Perron at the end of the 18th century. Under the British Raj, Hapur was within Meerut District, was surrounded by several fine groves, and carried on considerable trade in sugar, jaggery (gur), grain, cotton, timber, bamboo, and brass and steel utensils.[4] The important cavalry remount depot and farm of Babugarh adjoined the town.[5] Earlier it was within Ghaziabad district but in 2012 it became a separate district. It comes within Meerut commissionaire.

Geography[edit]

Hapur is located at 28°43′N 77°47′E / 28.72°N 77.78°E / 28.72; 77.78.[7] It has an average elevation of 213 meters (699 feet) (higher than its neighbors).

Climate[edit]

Hapur has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate characterised by very hot summers and cool winters. Summers last from early April to late June and are extremely hot, with temperatures reaching 43 °C (109 °F).[8] The monsoon arrives in late June and continues until the middle of September. Temperatures drop slightly, with plenty of cloud cover, but with higher humidity. Temperatures rise again in October; and the city then has a mild, dry winter season from late October to the middle of March.[8]

Rainfall is about 90 cm to 100 cm per annum, which is suitable for growing crops. Most of the rainfall is received during the monsoon. Humidity varies from 30 to 100%.[8]

Climate data for Hapur(1971–2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 29.3
(84.7)
32.2
(90.0)
39.5
(103.1)
43.5
(110.3)
45.8
(114.4)
46.1
(115.0)
46.0
(114.8)
40.0
(104.0)
39.0
(102.2)
38.0
(100.4)
34.5
(94.1)
30.0
(86.0)
46.1
(115.0)
Average high °C (°F) 21.9
(71.4)
23.1
(73.6)
28.7
(83.7)
36.3
(97.3)
39.1
(102.4)
37.6
(99.7)
33.6
(92.5)
32.6
(90.7)
33.7
(92.7)
32.8
(91.0)
28.6
(83.5)
23.5
(74.3)
31.1
(88.0)
Average low °C (°F) 7.2
(45.0)
9.1
(48.4)
13.8
(56.8)
19.9
(67.8)
24.3
(75.7)
26.0
(78.8)
25.9
(78.6)
25.5
(77.9)
23.6
(74.5)
18.2
(64.8)
12.4
(54.3)
8.0
(46.4)
17.7
(63.9)
Record low °C (°F) 0.2
(32.4)
0.1
(32.2)
5.4
(41.7)
8.3
(46.9)
15.4
(59.7)
17.7
(63.9)
16.5
(61.7)
19.0
(66.2)
15.7
(60.3)
7.2
(45.0)
1.8
(35.2)
0.2
(32.4)
0.1
(32.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 19.7
(0.78)
24.9
(0.98)
24.4
(0.96)
12.8
(0.50)
19.1
(0.75)
71.2
(2.80)
269.0
(10.59)
264.7
(10.42)
95.4
(3.76)
25.9
(1.02)
4.3
(0.17)
13.4
(0.53)
845.0
(33.27)
Average rainy days 1.5 1.7 1.7 0.9 1.6 3.9 10.2 9.4 4.2 1.6 0.4 0.9 38.0
Source: India Meteorological Department (record high and low up to 2010)[9][10]

Demographics[edit]

Religions in Hapur[citation needed]
Religion Percent
Hindus
66.27%
Muslims
32.12%
Others†
1.6%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.82%), Jains (0.37%), Christians (0.29%), and Buddhists (<0.06%).

According to the 2011 census, Hapur had a population of 317,004, consisting of 167,933 males and 149,071 females. The literacy rate was 63.40%.[3]

Hinduism is the majority religion in Hapur city, with 174,278 (66.27%) followers. Islam is the second-most popular religion in Hapur, with 84,477 (32.12%). Followers of Sikhism number 2,163 (0.82%), Jainism 981 (0.37%), Christianity 765 (0.29%), and Buddhism 162 (0.06%). Approximately 156 (0.06%) stated "No Particular Religion" and 1 (0.00%) stated "Other Religion".

Hapur-Pilkhuwa Development Authority[edit]

Many high-standard educational and research institutes are being established in the Hapur-Pilkhuwa Development Region, e.g. a dental college and research institute, engineering colleges, commerce colleges a Delhi Public School branch, and other educational and research centres. Similarly, in housing development, many famous developers like Ansal Housing Group, Eros Group, etc., are investing large amounts of money in constructing housing for the town.[11]

Markets[edit]

  • Hapur Naveen Mandi
  • Pacca Bagh
  • Gole Market

People from Hapur[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District Hapur". Bureaucracy.com. 19 January 2022. Retrieved 21 January 2022.
  2. ^ "Deepak Bhuker, IPS, Posted as Superintendent of Police, Hapur, Uttar Pradesh". Bureaucracy.com. 11 August 2021. Retrieved 21 January 2022.
  3. ^ a b "Census of India 2011 – Uttar Pradesh – District Census Handbook – Ghaziabad" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. pp. 26–33. Retrieved 8 October 2021.
  4. ^ a b Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Hapur" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 12 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 934.
  5. ^ a b "Hapur". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 11 (14th ed.). Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 1956. p. 167.
  6. ^ Abu'l-Fazl ibn Mubarak; Jarrett, Henry Sullivan (translator) (1891). The Ain-i-Akbari. Calcutta: Asiatic Society of Bengal. p. 288. Retrieved 21 January 2021. {{cite book}}: |first2= has generic name (help)
  7. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Hapur
  8. ^ a b c "Chapter 3 – Findings: Metro Cities of India" (PDF). Central Pollution Control Board. p. 63. Archived from the original (PDF) on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 1 April 2011.
  9. ^ "Meerut Climatological Table Period: 1971–2000". India Meteorological Department. Archived from the original on 14 February 2014. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
  10. ^ "Ever recorded Maximum and minimum temperatures up to 2010" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 March 2014. Retrieved 15 April 2015.
  11. ^ "A Brief Profile - The Genesis of Hapur Pilkhuwa Development Authority". Hapur-Pilkhuwa Development Authority. Retrieved 13 May 2014.
  12. ^ "Homage paid to Baba-e-Urdu on his 55th death anniversary". Daily Dawn. 17 August 2016. Retrieved 3 December 2018.
  13. ^ Panwar, Preeti (24 March 2014). "Hapur: Congress MLA Gajraj Sharma 'molests' Nagma publicly". Oneindia News. Retrieved 30 July 2014.

External links[edit]