Haramain high-speed railway
|Haramain High-Speed Railway|
|System||Saudi Railways Organization|
|Operator(s)||Saudi Railway Company (with Adif and Renfe)|
|Rolling stock||Talgo 350 SRO|
|Ridership||50 million per year (expected)|
|Opened||11 October 2018|
|Line length||453.0 kilometres (281.5 mi)|
|Number of tracks||2|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in)|
|Electrification||25 kV AC, 60 Hz Overhead catenary|
|Operating speed||300 km/h (190 mph)|
The Haramain high-speed railway (Arabic: قطار الحرمين السريع, romanized: qiṭār al-ḥaramayn as-sarīʿ, Hejazi pronunciation: [ɡɪtˤaːr alħarameːn asːariːʕ]) (Haramain referring to Mecca and Medina Islamic holy cities), also known as the Western railway or Mecca–Medina high-speed railway, is a 453-kilometre-long (281 mi) high-speed rail line in Saudi Arabia. It links the Muslim holy cities of Medina and Mecca via King Abdullah Economic City, using 449.2 kilometres (279.1 mi) of main line and a 3.75-kilometre (2.33 mi) branch connection to King Abdulaziz International Airport (KAIA), in Jeddah. The line is designed for a top speed of 186 mph (299 km/h).
Construction on the project began in March 2009, was officially inaugurated on 25 September 2018, and opened to the public on 11 October 2018. The railway is expected to carry 60 million passengers a year, including around 3-4 million Hajj and Umrah pilgrims, helping to relieve traffic congestion on the roads. It does not connect with the Mecca Metro.
On March 31, 2021 the first trip to Madinah was launched and the operations between Makkah and Madinah will resume after they were postponed from March 20, 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.
The 6.79 billion riyal (US$1.8 billion) design and construction contract for Phase I Package 1 – Civil Works for the project was awarded in March 2009 to Al Rajhi Alliance, which comprises China Railway Construction Corporation (CRCC), Al Arrab Contracting Company Ltd, Al Suwailem Company and the French construction company Bouygues. It is cooperating with the consultant Saudi Consolidated Engineering Company (Khatib and Alami). Scott Wilson Group will provide project management support.
Phase I Package 2 covers construction of four of the five stations. In April 2009, $38 million worth of design contracts for the stations in Mecca, Medina, Jeddah and KAIA were awarded to a joint venture between Foster + Partners and Buro Happold. In February 2011 the station construction contracts were awarded to Joint Venture between Saudi Oger Ltd & El Seif Engineering for (KAEC (Rabigh) & Jeddah Stations), Saudi Bin laden (Mecca Station) and a Turkish Company "Yapi Merkezi" for Medina Station.
Phase 2 of the project includes the remaining infrastructure not included in Phase-1: track, signalling, telecommunications, power, electrification, etc. It also includes procurement of rolling stock and operations and maintenance for a period of 12 years after completion.
On 26 October 2011, at the Saudi Railways Organization announced that the Saudi-Spanish consortium Al‑Shoula Group, which includes Talgo, Renfe, Adif, Copasa, Imathia, Consultrans, Ineco, Cobra, Indra, Dimetronic, Inabensa, OHL, AL-Shoula and Al-Rosan, had been chosen for the contract. Talgo will supply 35 Talgo 350 trains similar to 102/112 series used on Spanish high-speed lines for EUR 1,257 billion (1,600 with maintenance) and an option for 23 more for 800 million. They differ from the 112 series with 13 cars to 417 seats Renfe and Adif will operate the trains and manage the line for 12 years.
On 29 September 2019, less than a year after the opening of the line, a massive fire broke out at Jeddah station. The roof panels, made of fibre-reinforced plastic, caught fire due to unknown causes. Firefighters needed 12 hours to bring the fire under control. Several people were wounded by the fire, which completely destroyed Jeddah station. To allow train service between Mecca and Medina to resume, a 1,5 kilometer bypass was built around the station building.
The double-track line is electrified and the design speed is 350 kilometres per hour (220 mph). Trains run in service at 300 kilometres per hour (190 mph), and travelling the 78 kilometres (48 mi) between Jeddah and Makkah takes 43 minutes, while the 449 kilometres (279 mi) between Makkah and Medina takes about 2 hours. The track, rolling stock and stations are designed to handle temperatures ranging from 0 °C (32 °F) to 50 °C (122 °F). It is expected that the system will transport 60 million passengers a year on 35 trains, with a seating capacity of 417 per train.
Saudi Railways Organisation commissioned Dar Al-handasah to prepare the concept design and tender documents of the Haramain High Speed Rail (HHSR) project. Dar Al-handasah was also assigned to the construction supervision and project management of the HHSR. Dar Al-handasah work on the HHSR incorporates one cut-and-cover tunnel, 46 rail bridges, 9 wadi bridges, and 5 rail underpasses, 53 vehicular overpasses, 30 vehicular underpasses, 12 camel crossings, 5 stations, and 3 depots to allow the rail to fulfil the needs of its users.
36 Spanish Talgo 350 SRO trains have been ordered, one of these is expected to include a Dual (hybrid) coach pair for up to 20 or 30 VIPs; they will run at 300 km/h. The propulsion and bogies were made at Bombardier factories in Spain.
There are five stations on the line at:
- Medina Station (King Abdulaziz Street-East)
- King Abdullah Economic City Station in Rabigh
- King Abdulaziz International Airport - opened 11 December 2019 
- Jeddah Station (Naseem) - Out of service
- Mecca Station (Rusaiyfah)
The Makkah Central Station is located near the 3rd Ring Road, in Rusaiyfah District near the Rusaiyfah park and ride to the Grand Mosque. The Jeddah Central Station is located on Haramain Road, in Al-Naseem District. The railway alignment route is on the median of the Haramain road. Medina has a passenger station. A station, connected via branch line, is built in the new King Abdulaziz International Airport.
According to Saudi Railways Organisation the stations are "aesthetically iconic" buildings with designs which take into account Islamic architectural traditions. They will have shops, restaurants, mosques, car parking, a helipad and VIP lounges. Stations were designed by Buro Happold and Foster + Partners.
- Saudi Railways Organisation (SRO)
- Saudi Railway Company (SAR)
- Transport in Saudi Arabia
- Hejaz Railway
- "Makkah to Medina in 90 minutes: Saudi king launches new Haramain rail service". ArabianBusiness.com.
- "Testing set to begin on Saudi high-speed line". 26 November 2014.
- "Spanish consortium wins Haramain High Speed Rail contract". Railway Gazette International. 26 October 2011.
- "Maps and diagrams in Spanish. Colegio ICPP de Madrid" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 December 2014.
- Kalin, Stephen. "Saudi Arabia opens high-speed train linking Islam's holiest cities". U.S. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
- "Pictures: Saudi Arabia opens high-speed railway to public". GulfNews. 12 October 2018. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
- "Saudi Arabia opens high-speed rail linking Islam's holy cities". The Guardian. 25 September 2018. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
- "Saudi Arabia's Haramain train operations resume on Wednesday". Arab News. 31 March 2021. Retrieved 31 March 2021.
- "Al Rajhi wins Makkah – Madinah civils contract". Railway Gazette International. 9 February 2009.
- "Haramain High Speed Rail project manager appointed". Railway Gazette International. 6 January 2010.
- "Haramain High Speed Rail station construction contracts signed". Railway Gazette International. 16 February 2011.
- "High speed stations for a high speed railway". Railway Gazette International. 23 April 2009.
- "Foster + Partners and Buro Happold joint venture to design four stations for Saudi Arabia's new Haramain High-speed Railway". Foster and Partners. Archived from the original on 3 October 2009.
- "Joint venture to design four stations for Saudi Arabia's new high speed railway". Buro Happold. Archived from the original on 30 August 2009.
- "Phase 2". Saudi Railways Expansion Programme. Saudi Railways Organization. Archived from the original on 9 April 2016. Retrieved 26 February 2010.
- "ADIF participation in phase 2". Archived from the original on 8 January 2011. Retrieved 29 May 2011.
- "Adjudicado al consorcio español el contrato de alta velocidad en Arabia Saudí" (in Spanish). Retrieved 26 October 2011.
- "Talgo se adjudica el contrato de Arabia. Patentes Talgo".
- "Page 188 Mario Oriol from Talgo in UIMP Seminary" (PDF).
- "Saudi high-speed train links holy cities". BBC News. 25 August 2018. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
- "Un consorcio español logra el AVE La Meca-Medina por 6.736 millones". Europa Press (in Spanish). 26 October 2011.
- https://www.dw.com/en/fire-engulfs-new-saudi-high-speed-rail-station-in-jeddah/a-50632259 Retrieved 7 october 2020.
- https://al-bab.com/blog/2019/10/jeddah-station-fire-why-were-people-roof Retrieved 7 october 2020.
- https://www.railwaygazette.com/high-speed/haramain-launches-jeddah-airport-service-at-300-km/h/55338.article Retrieved 7 october 2020.
- "Project brief". Saudi Railways Expansion Programme. Archived from the original on 18 December 2009. Retrieved 20 January 2010.
- "Proyecto Meca-Medina Asamblea de la PTFE" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 June 2012.
- "Train Schedule". www.hhr.sa. Haramain High Speed Rail. Retrieved 18 October 2018.
- "Haramain High Speed Rail Project, Saudi Arabia". railway-technology.com. Net Resources International, a trading division of SPG Media Limited. 2010. Retrieved 27 February 2010.
- "Saudi Haramain Train to Start Service in September". Al Bawaba. 8 May 2018. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- "KSA's Haramain train speeds toward a 2018 opening". Arab News. 16 March 2018. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- "Dar Al-Handasah - Work - Haramain High Speed Rail (HHSR)". www.dar.com. Retrieved 11 December 2017.
- "Train manufacturer and supplier for the Haramin project".
- "Bombardier to supply components for Haramain High Speed Rail trains – Railway Gazette". Railway Gazette International. Retrieved 24 September 2012.
- 4-traders. "Talgo : Haramain high-speed train ready for launch | 4-Traders". Retrieved 9 July 2018.
- "Jeddah airport linked to reopened Haramain high-speed line". 11 December 2019. Retrieved 11 December 2019.
- "Phase 1 (Package 2) – Stations". Saudi Railways Expansion Programme. Saudi Railways Organization. Archived from the original on 26 December 2009. Retrieved 26 February 2010.