Hararit

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Hararit
הררית
Entrance to Hararit
Entrance to Hararit
Hararit is located in Israel
Hararit
Hararit
Coordinates: 32°50′46″N 35°22′05″E / 32.84611°N 35.36806°E / 32.84611; 35.36806Coordinates: 32°50′46″N 35°22′05″E / 32.84611°N 35.36806°E / 32.84611; 35.36806
Council Misgav Regional Council
Founded 1980
Founded by Shahaf Transcendental Meditation group
Population (2015)[1] 412
Name meaning mountainous

Hararit (Hebrew: הֲרָרִית‎; lit. "mountainous")[2] is a community settlement in Western Galilee, Israel. In 2015 it had a population of 412.[1]

History[edit]

Hararit, located on the crest of Mount Netofa in the Lower Galilee, was established in 1980 as part of a government-sponsored project initiated by Labor party member Nissim Zvili.[3] It was part of a plan to bring more Jewish residents to the Galilee area.[3] Initially it was supposed to be settled by a group of Rafael employees, but they rejected it, as it was too far from their workplace, and eventually it was settled by Shahaf ("Seagull"), a group of people dedicated to the principles of Transcendental Meditation (TM).[4][5] By the year 2000 the TM group was reported to be only half of its original population.[6] In 2008, there were 95 families living in Hararit.[7]

Archaeologists have discovered three large ancient water cisterns and the remains of agricultural terraces in the vicinity of Hararit. [8]

Economy[edit]

The economy is largely based on hitec, alternative medicine, tourism, with some of the residents operating bed and breakfast establishments.[6]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  2. ^ Hararit and Lavra Netofa
  3. ^ a b Gablinger, Tamar (2010). The Religious Melting Point: On Tolerance, Controversial Religions and The State. Germany: Tectum Verlag Marburg. pp. 81, 297, 301,. 
  4. ^ "הררית - מקום בטבע - יישובים ייחודיים בגליל | הרשות לפיתוח הגליל". www.romgalil.org.il. Retrieved 2017-03-25. 
  5. ^ Hararit at the site of the Ministry for the Development of the Negev and Galilee (in Hebrew)
  6. ^ a b Zisling, Yael (Oct-Nov 2000) More Netofa: The Land of Olive Oil and Honey Gems in Israel, retrieved Sept 24, 2012
  7. ^ Corder, Mike (February 7, 2008). "Founder of TM movement, Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, dies in The Netherlands. Israeli followers mourn passing of 'great teacher'". The Jerusalem Post. p. 06. 
  8. ^ Liebner Uzi, Settlement and History in Hellenistic, Roman, and Byzantine Galilee retrieved Sept 26, 2012