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Harbi (Arabic: حربي‎ literally belonging to war) is a term of classical Islamic law, which refers to a non-Muslim, who does not live under the condition of the dhimma. Harbi is counterterm to dhimmi. Sometimes the terms appear in the combination "kafir harbi" resp. "kafir dhimmi".

According to the Middle East Media Research Institute Yusuf al-Qaradawi said:

"It has been determined by Islamic law that the blood and property of people of Dar Al-Harb [the Domain of Disbelief where the battle for the domination of Islam should be waged] is not protected. Because they fight against and are hostile towards the Muslims, they annulled the protection of his blood and his property."[1]

According to the Middle East Media Research Institute the Egyptian Grand-Mufti, Dr. Sheikh Ali Gomaa, said on Jihad and killing harbis:

Question: "Is it permitted to kill an Israeli traveling outside the borders of his land?"
Sheikh Gum'a: "Yes, it is permitted to kill him, because he is a Harbi and the Harbi spreads corruption throughout the face of the earth."[2]

However, this was in the context of a question asking for an Arabic response to a perceived corresponding failure of Israelis to distinguish between civilians and militants in its attacks.


  • Ye'or, Bat (2001). Islam and Dhimmitude: Where Civilizations Collide. Fairleigh Dickinson University Press.